Gens Vipsania

familia da Roma antiga

A gens Vipsania ou Vipsana (en latín, Vipsania) foi unha escura familia plebea de rango ecuestre na Roma antiga. Poucos membros desta gens aparecen na historia, aínda que se coñecen algúns polas inscricións e rexistros pero, tamén, son moi escasos.[1] De lonxe, o máis ilustre da familia foi Marco Vipsanio Agripa, amigo íntimo e conselleiro de Augusto, a quen o emperador pretendeu facer o seu herdeiro. Porén, Agripa, prefería eliminar o nomen da súa nomenclatura pola orixe humilde da súa familia.[1] Despois da morte de Agripa, Augusto adoptou os fillos do seu amigo, cada un dos cales foi considerado posible herdeiro do Imperio, pero cando cada un deles morreu ou resultou inadecuado, Augusto escolleu outro herdeiro, o futuro emperador Tiberio.[2]

Marco Vipsanio Agripa aproba a construción do Aqua Virgo.

OrixeEditar

Os Vipsanii non se mencionan na historia ata o final da República. O seu nomen, Vipsanius, aseméllase a outros xentilicios rematados en -anius, que normalmente se derivaban de topónimos ou cognomina rematados en -anus. Varias inscricións dan o nome como Vipsanus, quizais a forma orixinal do nomen. Segundo algúns estudosos, a gens Vipsania era orixinaria de Pisae en Etruria.[3][4]

PraenominaEditar

Os únicos praenomina asociados á familia principal dos Vipsanii foron Lucio e Marco, dous dos nomes máis comúns ao longo da historia romana. Outros Vipsanii chamados Caio, Publio, Quinto, Sexto e Tito coñécense por inscricións e moedas.[5]

Pólas e cognominaEditar

Só unha familia distinta dos Vipsanii aparece na historia, co apelido Agripa. Este era orixinalmente un praenomen, usado por algunhas familias da primeira República, incluíndo os patricios da gens Furia e da gens Menenia, pero a finais da República parece que se usaba exclusivamente como cognomen. A súa orixe e significado eran escuros mesmo na antigüidade e a explicación máis coñecida alude a que era un dos moitos praenomina derivados das circunstancias do parto, e referíase a un neno que naceu cos pés por diante.[Nota 1][6][7][8][9][10][11]

MembrosEditar

Vipsanii das inscripiónsEditar

  • Marcus Vipsanius Lamyrus, a little boy buried at Rome, aged four, in a tomb dating to the latter half of the first century BC.
  • Marcus Vipsanius Longinus, buried at Rome, aged thirty, in a tomb dating to the latter half of the first century BC.[40]
  • Vipsania M. M. l. Acume, a freedwoman of Agrippa.[41]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Agrippae l. Antiochus Sittianus, a freedman of Agrippa, buried at Rome in a sepulchre built by Flavia Acme for herself, Antiochus, and Marcus Vipsanius Troilus.[42]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Fortunatus, perhaps a freedman of Agrippa, received a pot from Astracalus, Agrippa's lapidarius, or jeweler.[43]
  • Vipsania Agrippae l. Martha, a freedwoman of Agrippa.[44]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Salvius, perhaps a freedman of Agrippa, received a pot from Astracalus.[43]
  • Vipsania M. l. Stibas, a freedwoman of the household of Agrippa, for whom Marcus Vipsanius Zoticus dedicated several pots at Rome.[45]
  • Marcus Vipsanius M. l. Zoticus, a freedman of the household of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, dedicated a series of pots at Rome for himself and his conliberta, Vipsania Stibas.[45][41]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Agrippae l. Troilus Sittianus, a freedman of Agrippa, buried in a sepulchre built by Flavia Acme for herself, Troilus, and Marcus Vipsanius Antiochus.[42]
  • Marcus Vipsanius, buried at Rome in the late first century BC, or early first century AD.[46]
  • Vipsania Ɔ. l. Cyclas, a freedwoman buried at Rome, in a tomb dating to the late first century BC, or early first century AD.[47]
  • Marcus Vipsanus Macedo, mentioned in an inscription from Rome, naming his "brother", Cyrus, dating from the late first century BC, or early first century AD.[48]
  • Marcus Vipsanius M. l. Nedymo, a freedman named in an inscription from Rome, dating to the late first century BC, or early first century AD.
  • Vipsania Fructa, dedicated a tomb at Rome for her sister, Vipsania Jucunda, dating to the late first century BC, or the early first century AD.[49]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Hilarus, the patron of Lais, a freedwoman, who dedicated a monument in his honour, dating to the late first century BC, or the early first century AD.[50]
  • Vipsania Jucunda, buried at Rome, aged twelve, with a monument from her sister, Vipsania Fructa, dating to the late first century BC, or early first century AD.[49]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Calamus, one of the tentori, or animal handlers, at the estate of Titus Attius Capito, named in an inscription dating from the reign of Augustus.[51]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Dareus, one of the tentori of Titus Attius Capito.[51]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Faustus, one of the charioteers of Titus Attius Capito.[51]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Micio Docimus, the steward of Titus Attius Capito's estate.[51]
  • Sextus Vipsanius M. f. Clemens, one of the magistrates at Verona in Venetia and Histria in 1 BC.[52]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Narcissus, apparently an actor who had fallen on hard times, and become a rogator, or beggar, according to an early first-century inscription from Rome.[53]
  • Marcus Vipsania Papa, a freedman of Agrippina.[54]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Thales, a freedman of Agrippina, together with his foster-brother, Chryses, dedicated a tomb at Rome for the latter's brother Celeris, the son of Gallus, dating to the early first century.[55]
  • Vipsanius Novellus, dedicated a tomb at Cirta in Numidia, dating between the reign of Augustus and the reign of Trajan, for Crescensgentia, the daughter of Cristenus, aged two.
  • Vipsania Fausta, dedicated a tomb at Rome for Tiberius Julius Antiochus, dating to the final years of Augustus.[56]
  • Marcus Vipsanius, a freedman of Agrippa or perhaps Agrippina, named in an inscription from Rome, along with Antistia Fac[...], dating from the first half of the first century.[57]
  • Marcus Vipsanius, named in a sepulchral inscription from Aquileia in Venetia and Histria, dating from the first half of the first century.[58]
  • Vipsania M. l. Eucalio, a freedwoman, named along with her mother, Vipsania Rufa, in an inscription from Rome, dating to the first half of the first century.[59]
  • Vipsania M. Ɔ. l. Fortunata, a freedwoman named in an inscription from Rome, dating from the first half of the first century.[60]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Sp. f. Gallicanus, the grandson of Gaius Julius Libanus, a freedman of the emperor, was buried at Rome, aged thirty-five, in a tomb dating to the first half of the first century.[61]
  • Vipsania Hilara, dedicated a tomb at Rome for her husband, Vipsanius Spinther, dating from the first half of the first century.[62]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Isochrysus, a boy buried at Rome, aged eight years, two months, and eighteen days, in a tomb dating from the first half of the first century.[63]
  • Vipsanius Marius, named in a sepulchral inscription from Rome, dating from the first half of the first century.[64]
  • Vipsanius Musaeus, the former master of Vipsania Thalassa.[65]
  • Vipsania M. l. Rufa, a freedwoman, named along with her daughter, Vipsania Eucalio, in an inscription from Rome dating to the first half of the first century.[59]
  • Vipsanius Spinther, buried at Rome in a tomb dedicated by his wife, Vipsania Hilara, dating to the first half of the first century.[62]
  • Vipsania Thalassa, the freedwoman of Vipsanius Musaeus, built a tomb in an uncertain province for herself and Tiberius Claudius Epictetus, a freedman of the emperor.[65]
  • Vipsania Urbana, named in an inscription from Rome, dating to the first half of the first century.[66]
  • Vipsania Psyllis, dedicated a monument at Rome for her husband, Seleucus, the freedman of Asinius Pollio, dating between AD 30 and 50.[67]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Primigenius, a bronze worker at Abellinum in Campania during the late first century BC, or early first century AD.
  • Vipsanius, the owner of an estate at Fundi in Latium during the first half of the first century.[68]
  • Vipsania, buried in a first-century tomb at Salona in Dalmatia, along with Quintus Terentius Seleucianus.
  • Marcus Vipsanius Alexander, named in a first-century inscription from Rome.
  • Marcus Vipsanius Anoptes, buried in a first-century tomb at Rome.[69]
  • Vipsania M. l. Aucta, a freedwoman buried in a first-century tomb at Rome.[70]
  • Vipsanius Celer, dedicated a first-century tomb at Rome for his wife, Junia Sympherusa, aged twenty-three.[71]
  • Quintus Vipsanus Colonus, known from a first-century sepulchral inscription from Aquileia in Venetia and Histria.[72]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Dama, named in a first-century inscription from Ostia in Latium.[73]
  • Vipsania Euposia, the mother of Vipsania Fortunata, whom she buried in a first-century family sepulchre at Rome, along with Vipsania Philusa and Marcus Vipsanius Latinus.[74]
  • Vipsania Fortunata, the daughter of Vipsania Euposia, buried in a first-century family sepulchre at Rome, aged nineteen years, ten months, and ten hours, along with Vipsania Philusa and Marcus Vipsanius Latinus.[74]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Sex. f. Latinus, buried in a first-century family sepulchre at Rome, aged one, along with Vipsania Philusa and Vipsania Fortunata.[74]
  • Vipsania M. l. Philusa, buried in a first-century family sepulchre at Rome, aged twenty, along with Marcus Vipsanius Latinus and Vipsania Fortunata.[74]
  • Vipsania Quinta, buried in a first-century tomb at Simitthus in Africa Proconsularis, aged thirty-two.
  • Marcus Vipsanius M. l. Ap[...], a freedman named in an inscription from Herculaneum, dating between AD 60 and 79.[75]
  • Vipsanius Eunus, buried at Rome, aged forty-five, in a tomb dedicated by his wife, dating from the reign of Domitian.
  • Marcus Vipsanus M. l. Faustus, a freedman named in a dedicatory inscription from Flanona in Dalmatia, dating from the first century, or the first half of the second.[76]
  • Vipsanius Peregrinus, mentioned in an inscription from Casilinum in Campania, dating from the first century, or the first half of the second, had been quaestor and aedile.
  • Marcus Vipsanius M. f. Secundus Melo, a soldier in the century of Lutatius, in the fifth cohort of the praetorian guard, was buried at Rome, aged twenty-seven, having served for nine years, in a tomb dating from the latter half of the first century, or the early part of the second.[77]
  • Vipsania M. f. Silana, built a sepulchre at Iader in Dalmatia, dating between the middle of the first century and the first half of the second, for her husband, the freedman Quintus Feresius Spiculus, and daughter, Feresia Tertulla, aged twenty-four.[78]
  • Vipsanius Marcellus, master of the slave Theseus, buried at Regium Julium in Bruttium, aged seventeen, in a tomb dating to the latter half of the first century.[79]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Clemens, made a substantial donation to a temple at Leptis Magna in Africa Proconsularis during the late first century.[80]
  • Vipsanius Felix, dedicated a late first- or early second-century tomb at Ostia for his freedman and his wife, Plaria Tyche.[81]
  • Vipsania Primigenia, buried at Rome in a family sepulchre dedicated by her husband, Titus Flavius Magnus, and dating to the late first or early second century.[82]
  • Vipsanius Atticus, buried at Catina in Sicilia, in a tomb dating to the latter half of the first century, or the first half of the second.[83]
  • Vipsania M. f. Priscilla, a woman buried at Neviodunum in Pannonia Superior, along with her husband, Quintus Annaeus Crispus, aged seventy, and son, Annaeus Colonus, aged fifteen, in a tomb dedicated by her son, Quintus Annaeus Verus, dating to the late first century, or the first half of the second.[84]
  • Lucius Vipsanus Secundus, dedicated a tomb at Aequum Tuticum in Samnium, dating from the late first century, or the first half of the second, for his wife, Veneria, and their family.[85]
  • Vipsania Atticilla, buried at Augusta Emerita in Lusitania, aged twenty-eight, with a monument from her husband, Marcus Ulpius Lupus, a freedman of the emperor.[86]
  • Marcus Vipsanus Daphnus, buried in a second-century tomb at Rome, dedicated by his daughter, Cornelia.[87]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Nerva, dedicated a tomb at Rome for his freedman, Quartus, dating from the second century, or the latter half of the first.[88]
  • Titus Vipsanius Q. f. Fortunatus, the father of Quintia Tertulla, with whom he dedicated a tomb at Aufinum in Sabinum for his wife, Quintia Exoce, dating between the late first and early third centuries.[89]
  • Vipsania Capriola, the nurse of Vipsania Severa, for whom she dedicated a second-century tomb at Teate Marrucinorum in Sabinum, together with Vipsanius Valens, Severa's maternal uncle.[90]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Eucdemus, made a second-century offering to Isis at Narbo in Gallia Narbonensis.[91]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Felix, buried in a sepulchre at Portus in Latium, dating to the middle of the second century, along with Marcus Ulpius Philetus, Titus Flavius Agathemer, and Titus Flavius Onesimus.[92]
  • Vipsania Fortunata, buried at Ostia in a second-century tomb dedicated by her husband, Vipsanius Menophas.[93]
  • Vipsanius Menophas, dedicated a second-century tomb at Ostia for his wife, Vipsania Fortunata.[93]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Polybius, one of the patrons of the college of beam-makers at Luna in Etruria, named in a second-century inscription.[94]
  • Vipsania Severa, buried in a second-century tomb at Teate Marrucinorum, dedicated by her maternal uncle, Vipsanius Valens, and nurse, Vipsania Capriola.[90]
  • Vipsanius Valens, dedicated a second-century tomb at Teate Marrucinorum for his sister's daughter, Vipsania Severa, together with the girl's nurse, Vipsania Capriola.[90]
  • Marcus Paconius L. f. Vipsanius Proculus, one of the aediles, made a donation to the temple of the Genius of the Roman colony at Lilybaeum, dating to the latter half of the second century.[95]
  • Gaius Vipsanius Victor, a soldier in the ninth cohort of the Legio III Augusta, stationed at Lambaesis in Numidia, according to an inscription dating from AD 173.[96]
  • Lucius Cominius Vipsanius Salutaris, governor of Hispania Baetica in AD 195, during the reign of Septimius Severus.[97]
  • Servilia Vipsania Quieta, a woman buried at Rome, aged sixty-five years, five months, and one day, in a tomb dedicated by her son, Menander, dating to the late second century, or the first half of the third.
  • Vipsania Censoria, buried at Burdigala in Gallia Aquitania, in a tomb dating from the first half of the third century.[98]
  • Lucius Vipsanius Marcellus, buried at Epetium in Dalmatia, in a tomb dedicated by his cousin, Vipsanius Lupus, and dating to the third century, or the latter half of the second.[99]
  • Vipsania Lupa, buried at Epetium in a tomb dedicated by her son, Vivius Hyla, and dating to the third century, or the latter half of the second.[100]
  • Vipsania Casta, dedicated a second- or third-century tomb at Rome for her friend, Tituenus Aprilis, a soldier in the twelfth Urban Cohort, in the century of Rufus, a veteran of eighteen years.[101]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Felix, buried at Rome, aged thirty, in a second- or third-century tomb dedicated by his wife, Alcime.[102]
  • Vipsania Lesbia, buried in a second- or third-century tomb at Rome.[103]
  • Vipsanius Lupus, dedicated a second- or third-century tomb at Epetium for his cousin, Lucius Vipsanius Marcellus.[99]
  • Vipsanius Primitivus, named in a second- or third-century sepulchral inscription from Rome.[104]
  • Vipsanius Marcellinus, dedicated a tomb in Dalmatia for his mother, Garinia Marcellina, dating to the third century, or the latter half of the second.[105]
  • Lucius Vipsanius L. f. Valens, buried at Salona, aged forty-seven, in a tomb dedicated by his wife, Baebidia Balbina, and son, Lucius Vipsanius Valens, dating from the third century, or the latter half of the second.[106]
  • Lucius Vipsanius L. f. L. n. Valens, along with his mother, Baebidia Balbina, dedicated a tomb at Salona to his father, also named Lucius Vipsanius Valens.[106]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Primulus, a soldier in the fifth cohort of the vigiles at Rome in AD 210, serving in the century of Verinus.[107]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Felix, a soldier in the fifth cohort of the vigiles in AD 210, serving in the century of Verinus.[107]
  • Marcus Vipsanius Syriacus, a soldier in the fifth cohort of the vigiles in AD 210, serving in the century of Romulus.[107]
  • Vipsanius Caecilianus Axius, fiscal procurator for the province of Asia around the reign of Macrinus and Diadumenian.
  • Cominia L. f. Vipsania Dignitas, a woman of senatorial rank, named in an early third-century inscription concerning the priest of Diana at Allifae.[108]
  • Vipsania L. f. Maxima, buried at Emporium Piretensium in Moesia Inferior, aged thirty-five, in a tomb dedicated by her mother, Visentia Modesta, and brothers Vipsanius Clemens, Vipsanius Valens, Vipsanius Martialis, Vipsanius Modestus, and Vipsanius Fronto, dating to the first half of the third century.[109]
  • Vipsanius L. f. Clemens, the son of Visentia Modesta, was a soldier in the Legio VII Claudia. Together with his mother and his brothers, Vipsanius Valens, Vipsanius Martialis, Vipsanius Modestus, and Vipsanius Fronto, he dedicated a third-century tomb at Emporium Piretensium for their sister, Vipsania Maxima.[109]
  • Vipsanius L. f. Fronto, the son of Visentia Modesta, along with whom he and his brothers, Vipsanius Clemens, Vipsanius Valens, Vipsanius Martialis, and Vipsanius Modestus, dedicated a tomb at Emporium Piretensium for their sister, Vipsania Maxima.[109]
  • Vipsanius L. f. Martialis, the son of Visentia Modesta, along with whom he and his brothers, Vipsanius Clemens, Vipsanius Valens, Vipsanius Modestus, and Vipsanius Fronto, dedicated a tomb at Emporium Piretensium for their sister, Vipsania Maxima.[109]
  • Vipsanius L. f. Modestus, the son of Visentia Modesta, along with whom he and his brothers, Vipsanius Clemens, Vipsanius Valens, Vipsanius Martialis, and Vipsanius Fronto, dedicated a tomb at Emporium Piretensium for their sister, Vipsania Maxima.[109]
  • Vipsanius L. f. Valens, the son of Visentia Modesta, along with whom he and his brothers, Vipsanius Clemens, Vipsanius Martialis, Vipsanius Modestus, and Vipsanius Fronto, dedicated a tomb at Emporium Piretensium for their sister, Vipsania Maxima.[109]
  • Vipsana Surilla, the daughter of Clodius Gallicanus, with whom she dedicated a third-century tomb at Pharia in Dalmatia for her mother, Clodia Severa.[110]
  • Lucius Vipsanius L. f. Silvanus, buried at Cirta in a tomb dedicated by his son, Lucius Vipsanius Silvanus, dating to the mid-third century.[111]
  • Lucius Vipsanius L. f. L. n. Silvanus, dedicated a third-century tomb at Cirta for his father, also named Lucius Vipsanius Silvanus.[111]
  • Vipsanius Terentius, dedicated a third-century tomb at Aequum in Dalmatia for his wife, Aurelia Victorina, aged twenty-three, with whom he had lived for nine years and five months.[112]

NotasEditar

  1. Esta é a explicación dada por Plinio, e seguida por outros autores antigos mais os estudosos modernos son escépticos ante esta explicación: Chase (1897) suxire que o nome foi tomado prestado do grego, e era un nome composto baseado en αγρός e ἵππος, polo que a definición era algo así como "cabalo de campo". Os romanos adaptárono entón para que se asemellase aos seus propios nomes. Porén, neste caso cabería esperar que a forma latina fose Agripo, e aínda que os romanos usaron ocasionalmente apelidos de orixe grega, os exemplos máis antigos parecen datar do século IV a. C. e Agripa sería único como praenomen de orixe grega.
  2. O nome exacto e a identidade deste individuo é obxecto de controversia.[16] A Marcus Agripa non lle gustaba persoalmente que se referise polo seu escuro nomen gentilicium Vipsanius e evitou o seu uso. Tamén sería raro mencionalo sen incluír o seu nome máis coñecido Agripa. A Vita 44 de Donato di M. Vipranius, pero asúmese amplamente que é unha corrupción no texto, e case sempre se corrixe para Vipsanius.[17] O nome Vipranius non está acreditado.[18][17][19] Harry Jocelyn non estaba de acordo coa opinión maioritaria e afirmou que o orixinal é correcto.[20] Oliver Lyne estivo de acordo co artigo de Jocelyn, subliñando que o nome do individuo non debería ser modificado por "Vipsanius", nin se debería identificar con Agrippa.[21] P. T. Eden non estaba de acordo con Jocelyn en que o nome non debería ser modificado, pero considerou que era improbable que Agripa se expresase con termos tan técnicos (dignos de Quintiliano) sobre a poesía, e que se en realidade fose Agripa, probablemente derivase opinión de Quinto Cecilio Epirota, quen foi o primeiro en conferenciar sobre Virgilio.[17] Nicholas Horsfall sinalou que Agripa non é o único Vipsanius co que se pode identificar ao crítico. Por exemplo, un gramático descoñecido Vipsanius é mencionado por Isidoro de Sevilla; pero Horsfall subliña, en contraste con Eden, que Agripa non era un home iletrado. Por outra banda, sinala que Agripa probablemente non se mofaría de Virgilio por ter sido concedido por Mecenas, xa que el mesmo foi elevado dunha familia escura, e é improbable que chamase a atención sobre iso con este tipo de comentarios.[22] Gian Biagio Conte comparte a opinión de Horsfall, e considera posible unha identificación co gramático.[23] Peter White tamén opinou que este Vipsanius probablemente non debería ser asumido como o xeneral Agripa, senón quizais co gramático, xa que ao xeneral non lle gustaba usar o seu nomen.
Referencias
  1. 1,0 1,1 Syme, 2010, p. 166, n. 19
  2. 2,0 2,1 Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. I, pp. 78–80 ("Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa").
  3. Hall, Etruscan Italy, p. 188.
  4. Ridgway, The World of the Early Etruscans, p. 37.
  5. Reinhold (1933), p. 11.
  6. Plinio o Vello, VII. 6. § 1.
  7. Chase 1897, pp. 146-147.
  8. Nonius, 557.
  9. Gellius xvi. 16.
  10. Solinus, i. 65.
  11. Servius, viii. 682.
  12. Cassius Dio, lv. 8.
  13. Cassius Dio, xlv–liv.
  14. Livy, Epitome, cxvii–cxxxvi.
  15. Appian, Bellum Civile, v.
  16. Suetonio, "A vida de Augusto"
  17. Cassius Dio, liv. 31, lvii. 2.
  18. Suetonio, "Vida de tiberio", 7.
  19. Tacitus, Annales, i. 12, iii. 19.
  20. Cassius Dio, liv. 8, 18, 25, lv. 6, 9, 11, 12.
  21. Zonaras, x. p. 539.
  22. Suetonius, "The Life of Augustus", 26, 56, 64, 65, "The Life of Tiberius", 12.
  23. Velleius Paterculus, ii. 101, 102.
  24. Tacitus, Annales, i. 3, ii. 4.
  25. Florus, iv. 12. § 42.
  26. Cassius Dio, lix. 11.
  27. Suetonius, "The Life of Caligula", 24, "The Life of Claudius", 26, "The Life of Augustus", 64, 65, 101.
  28. Tacitus, Annales, iii. 24, iv. 71.
  29. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 642 ("Julia", No. 7).
  30. Suetonius, "The Life of Augustus", 64, "The Life of Caligula", 8, "The Life of Tiberius", 53.
  31. Tacitus, Annales, i–vi.
  32. Cassius Dio, lvii. 5, 6, lviii. 22.
  33. Suetonius, "The Life of Augustus", 64, 65, "The Life of Tiberius", 22.
  34. Cassius Dio, liv. 29, lv. 22, 32, lvii. 3.
  35. Tacitus, Annales, i. 3–6, ii. 39, 40.
  36. Velleius Paterculus, ii. 104, 112.
  37. Reinhold, Marcus Agrippa, p. 137.
  38. Reinhold, Marcus Agrippa, p. 71.
  39. Tacitus, Annales, xiii. 30.
  40. BCAR, 1923-132,260
  41. 41,0 41,1 CIL VI, 5731.
  42. 42,0 42,1 CIL VI, 18269.
  43. 43,0 43,1 CIL VI, 8871.
  44. CIL VI, 6184.
  45. 45,0 45,1 CIL VI, 5730.
  46. CIL VI, 13795.
  47. CIL VI, 15945.
  48. CIL VI, 33201.
  49. 49,0 49,1 CIL VI, 6053.
  50. CIL VI, 6038.
  51. 51,0 51,1 51,2 51,3 CIL VI, 10046.
  52. CIL V, 3257.
  53. CIL VI, 10094.
  54. CIL VI, 5772.
  55. CIL VI, 9901a.
  56. CIL VI, 33105.
  57. CIL VI, 39051.
  58. CIL V, 1299.
  59. 59,0 59,1 CIL VI, 39053.
  60. CIL VI, 4835.
  61. CIL VI, 20109.
  62. 62,0 62,1 CIL VI, 29009a.
  63. CIL VI, 39052.
  64. CIL VI, 4125.
  65. 65,0 65,1 CIL VI, 29012.
  66. AE 1923, 71.
  67. CIL VI, 5019.
  68. AE 1978, 80.
  69. CIL VI, 28994.
  70. CIL VI, 29007.
  71. CIL VI, 20912.
  72. CIL V, 1008.
  73. AE 1985, 250.
  74. 74,0 74,1 74,2 74,3 CIL VI, 29011.
  75. CIL X, 1403.
  76. CIL III, 3031.
  77. CIL VI, 2595.
  78. CIL III, 2923.
  79. CIL X, 12.
  80. AE 2005, 1662.
  81. CIL VI, 28998.
  82. AE 2006, 235.
  83. CIL X, 7101.
  84. CIL III, 3928.
  85. CIL IX, 1451.
  86. AE 1990, 516.
  87. CIL VI, 38451.
  88. CIL VI, 29003.
  89. CIL IX, 3407.
  90. 90,0 90,1 90,2 CIL IX, 3040.
  91. AE 2002, 967.
  92. AE 1991, 370c.
  93. 93,0 93,1 CIL XIV, 1782.
  94. CIL XI, 1355a.
  95. CIL X, 7222
  96. CIL VIII, 18068.
  97. CIL II, 1085.
  98. CIL XIII, 882.
  99. 99,0 99,1 CIL III, 1931.
  100. CIL III, 8553.
  101. CIL VI, 37245.
  102. CIL VI, 28999.
  103. CIL VI, 29010.
  104. CIL VI, 35450.
  105. CIL III, 3179b.
  106. 106,0 106,1 CIL III, 9415.
  107. 107,0 107,1 107,2 CIL VI, 1057.
  108. CIL IX, 2336.
  109. 109,0 109,1 109,2 109,3 109,4 109,5 CIL VI, 12416.
  110. CIL III, 3084.
  111. 111,0 111,1 CIL VIII, 7839.
  112. CIL III, 2741.

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