Lista de raíces indoeuropeas

Esta é unha lista das raíces protoindoeuropeas máis comúns. En xeral só se ofrece a lingua máis representativa de cada unha das ramas do indoeuropeo. Todas as palabras se amosan na súa declinación máis representativa.

Abreviaturas utilizadas no resto do documentoEditar

PronomesEditar

  • *eg- (eu) L ego, E I, OE Ic, R ja, G ego
  • *me- (mín) L me, E me, Ir mé, R menq
  • *wei- (nós) E we, D wir, G emeis
  • *nes- (a nós) L nos, D uns, E us
  • *tu- (ti) A du, Al ti, B tu, D du, E thou, G su, H tuk, Ir tú, K tuwe, L tu, R ty, S tvam
  • *te- (a ti) L te, E thee
  • *iuh- (vós) E ye, you
  • *wos- (vós) L vos
  • *kwo- (quen) A ov/inch', Al kush, B kas, E who, G tis, H kuish, Ir cía, K kuse, L quis, R kto, S ka-
  • *medhyo (entre): С medi-os, L medi-um, E middle, R mejdu, D Mitte, S Madhyah

NumeraisEditar

  • 1: *oino- (un) Al një, B vienas, E one, G oios, Ir aon, L ūnus, R odin, S eka, We un
  • 1: *sem- (un) A mek, E some, G heis, K sas, Ir samhail, L semel/sin-gulus/sim-plex R sam, S sa-kr.t
  • 2: *dwo- (dous) A yerku, Al dy, B dy, E two, G duō, H dā-, Ir dó, K wu, L duo, R dva, S dva, We dau
  • 3: *trei- (tres) A yerek', Al tre, B trys, E three, G treis, H tri-, Ir trí, K tre, L trēs, R tri, S tri, We tri
  • 4: *kwetwer- (catro) A č'ors, Al katër, B keturi, E four, G tessares, Ir ceahair, K śtwar, L quattuor, R četyre, S catur, We pedwar
  • 5: *penkwe- (cinco) A hing, Al pesë, B penki, E five, F pinke, G pente, Ir cúig, K päñ, L quinque, R pjat', S pañca, We pump
  • 6: *sweks- (seis) A vec', Al gjashtë, B šeši, E six, G heks, Ir sé, K s.äk, L sex, R šest', S s.as., We chwech
  • 7: *septm- (sete) A yot', Al shtatë, B septyni, E seven, G hepta, Ir seacht, H shipta-, K s.äk, L septem, R sem', S sapta, We saith
  • 8: *oktou- (oito) A ut', tëte, B aštuoni, E eight, G oktō, Ir ocht, K okät, L octō, R vosem', S as.t.a, We wyth
  • 9: *newn- (nove) A inn, nëntë, B devyni, E nine, G ennea, Ir naoi, K ñu, L novem, R devjat', S nava, We naw
  • 10: *dekm- (dez) A tas, dhjetë, B dešimt, E ten, G deka, Ir deich, K śäk, L decem, R desjat', S daśa, We deg
  • 20: *wikmti- (vinte) G eikosi, Ir fiche, L viginti, S vimśati, We ugain
  • 100: *kmtom (cen) B šimtas, E hundred, G hekaton, Ir cead, K känt, L centum, R sto, S śata, I satem, We cant
  • 1000: *teus-kmti (mil) E thousand, W þusundi, OE þusend, B tukstantis, K tumane, OCS tysǫšti', R tysjača
  • *per- (primeiro) Al i parë, B pirmas, E first, G prōtos, H para, Ir er, K parwe, L primus, R pervyĭ, S prathama

SubstantivosEditar

ParentescoEditar

  • *manu- (home): S manus-, I man-us, E man, R muž, B žmones, D Mann
  • *nomon (nome): K nom, L nōmen, E name, S nāmah, G onoma, CC anm-en, R imya, Al emën, OIr ainm, H lāman
  • *wiros (home): S vīra-, I vīra-, L vir, B vyras, K wir, OHG wer, C gwyr, Sk oior, OE wer, OPr wirs
  • *hner (home): S nar, G aner, anthropos, A ayr
  • *gwena (muller): R žena, I gəna, G gynē, E queen, S gnā/jani-, OPr genna, A gin
  • *an- (devanceiro): OG annis, L anna, Il ana, D ano->ahn, B anyta, H hannas, A han, R vnuk, C eontr
  • *pa-ter (pai): L pater, G pater, K pācer, C ater, S pitā, D Vater
  • *mā-ter (nai): A mair, Al motër, B motina, Ir máthair, L māter, G mētēr, R mat', S mātr., K mācer, D Mutter, E mother, We mam
  • *bhrā-ter (irmán): E brother, L frāter, G phrātēr, K procer, R brat, D Bruder, We brawd
  • *swesor (irmá): OE sweostor, S svasar-, R sestra, L soror, OIr siur, A koir, K sar, G eor, We chwaer
  • *sunu- (fillo): S sūnu-, I hunu-, B sūnus, E son, OHG sunu, R syn, G uios
  • *dhugəter (filla): S duhitar-, G thygatēr, K tkācer, E daughter, R pl. docheri, A dustr, D Tochter
  • *daiwer (cuñado): S devar-, R dever', B dieveris, L lēvir, OHG zeihhur, G dāēr, A taigr
  • *swekrū (sogra): R svekrov', S śvaśrū-, B šešuras, OHG swigur, C chwegr, A skesur, L socrus, G ekurā, Al vjehërë
  • *snus-os (nora): S snushā-, OCS snŭkha, OE snoru, L nurus, G nuos, A nu
  • *gəlōu- (cuñada): OCS zlŭva, R zolovka, G galōs, L glōs
  • *yenəter- (muller do cuñado): L ianitrīcēs, G einatēr, B jentė, R yatrov', S yātar-
  • *awon- (avó/tío): L avus/avunculus, B avynas, W ewythr, A hav, OCS uy, OE ēam
  • *nepōt- (neto/sobriño): L nepōs, S napāt-, I napāt-, Al nip, OCS netiy, OE nefa, C nei, D Neffe, We nai
  • *widhewā- (viúva): S vidhavā-, I vidavā-, W widuwō, OPr widdewu, R vdova, L vidua, OIr fedb, D Witwe, We gweddw
  • *ghos-ti (estraño/hóspede): R gost', L hostis, OHG gast, E guest, R gos-pod'

Partes do corpoEditar

  • *ker- (cabeza): L cervix/cerebrum, R cherep, B kerpetis, G kare, I sar, S karparas, A karapen
  • *pilo- (pelo): G pilos, L pilus/pilleus, B pleike, R plesh >< * *pula-: S pula, OIr ulach
  • *bhru- (cella): S bhrus, B bruvis, Ir bruad, E brow, R brov', MN abroutes, G ophrys, D Braue
  • *ous- (oído): G ous-os, S usi, R ushi, W auso, B ausis, C aus, L auris/aural, Al vesh, D Ohr
  • *okw- (ollo): R oko, L oculus, K ek, A akn, S aksi, OHG ouga, G ops, OHG ouga, E eye, D Auge, Al sy, B akis, Ir fuinneog
  • *nas- (nariz): S nasa, L nasus/naris, R nos/nozdrya, B nosis, E nose, I nah, D Nase
  • *os- (boca): S as/osthas, I aosta, C oss, L os/oral/ostium, B austo/uosta, R usta/ustye
  • *leb- (labio): L labium, D lippe, E lip, C llef, R lobzat'
  • *dent- (dente): L dentis, G odons, C dant, B dantis, S dantam, E tooth, OHG zand, R desna, We dant
  • *dinghu- (lingua): L dingua->lingua, OIr teng, E tongue, W tuggo >< * *daghu->* *gighu: S jihva, I hizva->huzvan, R yazyk, B l-iezuvis, A l-ezu, D Zunge, We tafod
  • *genu- (meixela): L genu, C genou, G genos, W kinnus, S hanus, I zanu, B zandas, F azon, K sanwem, A cnaut
  • *g'ebh- (mandíbula): B zebti, R zebry/jabry/zob, Ir gop, D kiefer, OE ceafl->jowl, I zafana
  • *smek- (queixelo): Ir smech, B smakras, S smasru, H zamakur, A mauruk, Al mjekre, L maxilla
  • *bhardha (barba): B barzda, OCS brada, L barba, E beard, D Bart, We barf
  • *moni (pescozo): S manya, L monile, E mane, Ir muine, G mannon, R monisto, We mwnwgl
  • *omesos (ombro): G omos, S amsa, W ams, L umerus, K antse, A us
  • *arm- (brazo): Oss arm, A armukn, L armus, W arms, E arm, S irmas, OPr irmo, OCS ramo, D Arm
  • *el- (cóbado): C elin, OHG elina, G alas/oleon, A olok, L ulna, B elkune, R lokot', S aratnis, We elin
  • *dous- (antebrazo): S dos, I daos, Ir doe, B pa-duse, R pazukha
  • *ghes-(man): S hastas, I zasta, B pa-zaste L prai-ghes-to >< H kessar, G kheir->chiros, A jerk
  • *onogh (unlla): G onohos, S anghri, L unguis, D nagel, R nogot', B nagutis, I nakhara, C eguin, A elungn, We ewin
  • *steno- (peito): G stenion, A stin, S stana, I fstana >< * *speno-: B spenys, ON speni, OIr sine, L sternum
  • *perk- (costela): OCS persi, B pirsys, S parsus, I parsum, Oss fars
  • *pog- (regazo): S paksas, B paksis, L pectus, R pakh, K passa
  • *onbh- (embigo): S nabhya, I naba, B naba, D nabel, G omphalos, L umbo/umbilicus, OIr imbliu
  • *udero- (baixo ventre): L uterus, G otheros, S udaram, I udaras, B vedaras, R bedro, L venter, D wanst
  • *pizda (vulva, "pixa"): R pizda, B pizda, Al pith >< * *put-: L puteo, B puti, ON futh, OHG vut
  • *pes- (pene, "pixo"): G peos, L penis, OHG faselt, S pasas
  • *orghi- (testículo): G orhis, A orjik, I uirghe, B arzus, I arazi, Al herde
  • *ors- (ano): G orrhos, A or, H arras, E arse, OIr err, D arsch
  • *k'louni- (nádega): L clunis, C clun, ON hlaun, N slaunis, S sroni, I sraoni, We clun
  • *kroksko (perna): Al krake, B karka, OCS kraka, R okorok, S kiskum
  • *ped- (pie): B peda, L pes/pedis, S padam, E foot, A vot, G pos, R pedsios->peshiy
  • *gwenu- (xeonllo): R zveno, L genu, C geno, H gienu, E knee, G gony, S janu, Il Genua/Genava, D Knie
  • *kenk- (rótula): S kankala, B kenkle, Lt cinksla, E heel
  • *persna (talón): S parsni, L perna/pernis, H parsina, W fairsna, D ferse, G pteron

ÓrganosEditar

  • *krep- (corpo): S krapa, I xrafstra, Al shkrep, OHG href, L corpus -> D Körper; E corpse, Ir cri, G prapis, We corff
  • *nau- (cadáver): K naut, W naus, OPr nave, R nav'/onava, C newyn, OHG not
  • *pel- (pel): G pelos, L pellis, R pelena, D fell, E film, G pilon, B pleinen >
  • *tuakos (pel): S tvacas, H tuekkas, G sakos
  • *ost- (óso): Al asht, L oss, G osteon/ostrakon -> E oyster, R k-ost', S asthi, I asti, We asgwrn
  • *gwiya (tendón): S jya, I jya, B giya, G bios, OCS jitsa >< R jila, A jil, B gysla, L filum, We gewyn
  • *memso (carne): S mamsam, OPr mensa, W mimz, R myaso, Al mish, A mis, K misa, L membrum, G menisk
  • *kreu- (sangue): S kravis, B kraujas, R krov', L cruor, Ir crau, G kreas, ON kruvas, I kruva-, E raw, We crau
  • *esr- (sangue): S asrak, OL aser, B asins, H eshar, K ysar, G eiar, A ariun
  • *mozgo (cerebro): R mozg, I mazga, S majjas, K massunt, OPr muzgeno, OHG marag
  • *ghelgh- (glándula): A geljk, B gelezunes, R jeleza
  • *reusmen- (garganta): S romantha, C rhumen, L rumen/ruma/ruminare
  • *pleu-mon (pulmón): G pleumon, S kloman, B plausas, R plyuche
  • *kerd- (corazón): S kerd, H karts, L cordis, G kardia, E heart, C craidd, R serdtse, B sirdis, A sird, We craidd
  • *yekwr- (fígado): S yaknas, B jaknos, I yakar, L iecur, Ir iuchair, I jigar, G hepar, R ikra
  • *splengh- (bazo): G splen, OIr selg, OCS slezena, L lien, I sparazan, S plihan, B bluznis
  • *ghel- (bile): R jelch, E gall, G chole, L fellis, D Galle
  • *lendh- (ril): D lenden, R lyadvie, L lumbus
  • *gwelbh- (útero): E womb, S garbhas, G thelphos >< * *gwrebh-: G brephos, Ir brommach, R jrebya
  • *g'her- (intestinos): L hernia, S hirah, G horion, L haru-spex, ON garn, B zarna, A jar
  • *eter- (intestinos): OCS yatro, R utroba, G entera, S antram, A anderk, OIr inathar
  • *bhudhmen (traseiro): S budhnah, I buno, A bun, Ir bond, G nuthmen, L fundus, OHG bodam, E bottom, We bôn
  • *kakka (excremento): R kaka, G kakkao, L cacare, A kakor, Ir cacc, D kacke

Sentimentos e calidadesEditar

  • *men- (mente): L mens/mental, G menos/mnasthai/memona, S manas, I manah-, E mind, B minti, R mnit', A mit
  • *aiw- (forza vital): S ayuh, I ayu, K aym, L aevum, E aye/ever, G aeon/aion
  • *sopn- (sono): B sapnas, S svapnas, L somnus/sopio, ON svefn, K spane, G supno->hypnos, I xvafna, Ir suan, R son, A keun, Al gjumë, We hun
  • *an- (espírito): S anas, W andi, C anal, L animal/animus, G anemos, R von', We anysbryd
  • *g'eus- (gusto): OIr guss, L gustus, W kustus, D kiesen, S josati, I zaoso/zusto, Al desha
  • *ters- (sede): S tarsna, I tarsu, A tarsamim, G tersesthai, Al ter, L torrus/terra, E thirst, D Durst
  • *sueid- (suor): A khrtinkh, Al djersë, E sweat, B sviedri, S svedate, L sudor/sudare, G hydros, D Schweiss, We chwys
  • *dakru- (lágrima): G dakru, C deigr, L lacrima, D zahre, E tear, S asru, B asara, We deigryn
  • *ghouros (temor): S ghoras, W gaurs, D graus, Ir gure, R jurit'
  • *ghers- (horror): ON gersta, B grassa, A garsim, I grahma, OIr gortae
  • *trudes- (lepra): L trudo, R trud, OIr trosc, W trutsfill, G truo, B truneti

Termos celestesEditar

  • *sawel- (sol): B saule, L sol, C haul, G helios, Al (h)yll, E sun, R solntse, S suras, D Sonne, We haul
  • *mens- (lúa/mes): G mene/men, K men/meñe, L mensis, E moon/month, R mesyats, S masas, A amsoy, I mahya, Ir mi, D Mond/Monat, Al muaj, B mėnuo, We mis
  • *ster- (estrela): G aster, C sterenn, D stern, E star, L Sidus,sideris/stella, A astel, S tarah/strebhih, We seren, K śre
  • *nebh- (ceo/nube): R nebo, L nebulo, OHG nebul, S nabhas, G nephos, H nepis, D Nebel (brétema), We nef
  • *leuk- (luz): G leukos, L lux, R luch, A luys, C lugus, E light, S rokas -> L luna, R luna, D Licht -> leuchten (verbo), We llug, K luk-
  • *telp- (espazo): S talpas, B talpa, R tolpa, K tsalp, Ir tallaim, We talm

Horas do díaEditar

  • *aus- (amencer): B ausra, OHG ostra, S usras, R utro, E east, G (h)eos, L aurora
  • *agh- (mañá): S ahem, Al agoj/agume, G aige, R yug
  • *deien- (día): A tiv, R den', OIr denus, B diena, S dinam, L dies,nundinae, Al gdhinj, We dydd, OE lencten
  • *vesper (tarde): A gišer, L vespera, G hesperos, B vakaras, Ir fescor, R vecher, W veig, We ucher E West
  • *nekwt- (noite): G nykt, B naktis, D nacht, S naktis, G nuktos, H nekuz, C nocht, L nox, R noch, Al natë, Ir anocht, K nekchiye, We nos

EstaciónsEditar

  • *iero- (ano): W jer, E year, I yare, OCS yaro, G iros, L hornus, D Jahr
  • *wes- (primavera): R vesna, S vasantas, B vasara, ON var, C var, L ver, I vanri, A garun
  • *sem- (verán): S sama, C sam, E summer, I ham, A amar, D Sommer
  • *osen- (colleita): R osen', OPr assanis, W asans, OHG aran, G onopa
  • *gheim (inverno): S heman, L hiems, G xeima, C giam, R zima, B ziema, I zimo, A dzmer, Al dimen

AtmosferaEditar

  • *k'evero- (vento norte): R sever, B siaurys, L caurus, A curt, W skura, E shower
  • *sneigh (neve): B sniegas, R sneg, OIr snigid, S snihyati, E snow, L nix, G nipha, D Schnee
  • *grad- (saraiva): R grad, B gruodas, L grando, A karkut
  • *ei-s- (xeo): I isu, Oss ix, E ice, D eis >< * *ei-n-: R iney, B ynis
  • *sneudh- (brétema): I snaoda, C nudd, G nuthon, L nubes
  • *meldh- (lóstrego): OPr mealde, B milna, R molniya

PlenitudeEditar

  • *solo- (completo): L sollus, K salu, G (h)olos, A olj, OIr oll, Al gjale, S sarvah, I haurva-
  • *semi- (medio): L semis, OHG sami, S sami, G hemi
  • *aiti- (parte): I aeta-, Osk aeteis, G aitios/aisa, C aes

TerreoEditar

  • *dhg'em- (terra): B žeme, P zam, S ksam, G khthon, L humus/homo, E groom (bridegroom), Al dhè, R zemlja, Ir duine, H tekan, K kem.
  • *ghemel (chan): R zemlya, F zemelo, Thr semele, G hthon
  • *akmon (pedra): G akmon, B akmen, S acma, I asman, R kamen', E hammer
  • *g'embh- (saliente-> dente): G gomphos, S jambhas, B žambas, Al dhëmb, MN kombous, E comb, K keme, R zub, L gemma, A tsamak,
  • *gwere (monte): R gora, B giria, S giris, I gairi, G deiros, Al gur, A ler
  • *agras (campo): S ajrah, G agros/agrestis, L ager, W akrs, E acre, A art, D Acker
  • *lendh- (estepa): OPr lindan, E land, Ir lann, R lyada, D Land
  • *gues- (bosque): L vespice, OHG questa, Nw kvas, R khvorost, Az gvozd, S guspita, Al gethi
  • *leug- (charco): B liugas, R luja, G lugaios, Il lugas, Al legate, C Lugu-dunum
  • *lat- (marisma): G latas, B Latuva, C are-late, OIr laith, D letten
  • *mori- (braña): R more, C more, B marios, L mare, OHG meri, S maryada, E marsh, D moor
  • *laku- (estanque): G lakkos, L lacus/lacuna, OHG lagu, OS lokva, Ir loch, A lich (lago)
  • *eghero- (lago): B ezeras, OCS ezero, R ozero, Il oseriates, G aheron
  • *akwa- (río): L aqua, R Oka, W aha, OHG aha, D ache, E island
  • *wedor (auga): E water, R voda, MN bedu, G hydor, B vanduo, L unda, S udan, Al ujë, Ir uisce, H watar, A get, K war
  • *poimno- (escuma): L pumex/spuma, B spaine, S phena, R pena, E foam, Oss fink

LumeEditar

  • *paewr- (fogueira): K puwar, H pahhur, K por, G pur/pyre/pyrite, ON furr, E fire, R pyrey
  • *egni- (lume): S Agni-s, H agnis, L ignis, B ugnis/agnus, OCS ogn'
  • *dhum- (fume): S dhumas, B dumai, R dym, OHG toum, L fumus, G fumos
  • *pers- (po): OCS perst', K pars-, I parsuya, B parsla, ON fors, H pappars, S prsati

Partes de árboresEditar

  • *deru- (árbore): S daru, A dzar, B derva, C dervo, R derevo, E tree/true, H taru, G doru/drys, L durus, Al dru, Ir daur, K or
  • *guozdh- (talo): R gvozd, D quast, L hasta, ON kuistr, C gat/both
  • *k'ak- (rama): C cainc, A chux, B saka, S sakha, R sokha/po-sokh, Al theke, W hoha
  • *dheregh- (espiña): B drigne, C draigen, S draksa, G terthnos, Uk deren, R tern, S trnam, W taurnus, E thorn
  • *wred- (raíz): R vred, S vardhati, E wart/wort/root, D wurzel, L radix/ramus, G rhiza,
  • *gwet-l (resina): D kitt, S jatu, C bedw, L betulla/bitumen
  • *kolei- (cola): G kolla, ONG helen, B klejai, R kley

FloraEditar

  • *bhago- (faia): OHG buohha, L fagus, G phygos
  • *perk- (carballo): B perkunas, S parkati, C perth, L quercus, ON fura
  • *bhereg- (bidueiro): R bereza, B berzas, Oss bharza, S bhurjas, OHG birihha, ON bjork, L fraxinus, D Birke
  • *klen- (pradairo): R klen, C kelyn, ON hlynr, B klevas, MN klino-trokhon
  • *ol- (ameneiro): L alnus, B alksnis, R olkha, MN alixa, ON alr, OHG elira
  • *aps- (freixo): B apse, R opsa->osina, OHG aspa->ash, I awsak
  • *eywo- (teixo): E yew, B ieva, R iva, C iva, A aigi
  • *grabh- (carpe): R grab, B grabis, MN grabion
  • *wygh- (olmo): Al vith/vidhe, R vyaz, B viksna
  • *lyp- (tileiro): R lipa, B liepa, C llwyf
  • *gheluna (pino): G heluno->heilos, A jelun, ON giolnar, Sw gael
  • *elwn- (cedro): R el', B addle/egle, L ebulus, C odocos
  • *koslo- (abelá): B kasulas, E hazel, D Hasel, L corulus, C coll
  • *ar- (noz): R orekh, Al arre, G arna
  • *abl- (mazá): E apple, R yabloko, OI uball, C aballo, B obelis, D Apfel
  • *ker- (cereixa): G kranos/kerasos, B keras/kirna, R cherenok/koren', D Kirsche
  • *rap- (nabo): R repa, B rope, OHG raba, L rapum, G rapus
  • *krem- (cebola): G kremeon, Ir crema, OE hramsan->ramsons, B kermuse/cermauksis, R черемуха/черемица
  • *og- (baga): K oko, B uoga, OS jaga, OCS vin-yaga, R yagoda, W akran, E acorn
  • *moro- (amora): G moron, A mor, L morum, C merwydden, E mulberry
  • *k'olmos (cana): G kalamos, K kulmants, L culmus, E haulm, OPr salme, R soloma
  • *koino- (herba): G koina, A khot, L sienas, R seno

InsectosEditar

  • *morvi- (formiga): OCS mravie, Ir moirb, I maoiri, S vamras, L formica, G murmes, ON maurr, B merva, A mrchun
  • *bhei- (abella): E bee, B bitis, Ir bech, R bcela->pchela, L fucus, D Biene
  • *wopsa (avéspora): B vapsa, OHG wafsa, L vespa, E wasp, R vosa->osa, S gvabz, I vawzaka, C guahi, D Wespe
  • *mu- (mosca): B muse, L musca, R mukha, OHG mugga, Al mize, G muia, A mun, D Mücke
  • *blousa (pulga): B blusa, R blokha, Af vraza, A lu, S buha, G psulla, Al plesht, L pulex
  • *knid- (piollo): R gnida, B gnida, C nedd, D gneis, G konis, Al theni, A anic
  • *kwrmi- (larva): S krmi, NI kirm, B kirmis, Al krimp, OIr cruim, OCS chermnyi, R cherv'

Animais acuáticosEditar

  • *ghdhu- (peixe): B zuvis, A dzuk, G ikhthos, OS zev'?
  • *laks- (salmón): K laks, ON lax, B lasis, R losos', D Lachs
  • *angwi- (anguía): L anguis/anguilla, B angis/angurgis, OHG unc, OIr ung, R už/ugor', G imberis
  • *konkho- (concha): G konkhos, L conguius, S sankha
  • *urmis (verme): W waurms, E worm, A vort, L vermis, OCS vermie, B varmas, C gwrm, G romos, D Wurm

AvesEditar

  • *avi- (ave): L avis, I avayas, S vih, A hav, C hwyad, G aetos
  • *eor- (aguia): C er, D ara->aar, A ardziv, E erne, G ornis, R orel, B erelis, H haras
  • *worn- (corvo): B varna, R vorona, K wraun, C brana, E raven, L corvus, G korax
  • *trozdos (tordo): B strazdas, R drozd, ON trostr, E thrash, Ir truid, L turdus
  • *aneti- (parrulo): B ántis, L anas, OSw anad, OHG anut, S atih, R utie, D Ente
  • *ghans- (ganso): G honos, S hamsah, L anser, OIr geiss, E goose, R gus', B zasis, D Gans
  • *teter- (galo): R teterev, B teterva, S tittiras, G tetrao, Ir tethra, ON thidurr, A tatrak
  • *sperg- (andoriña): OHG sperk, D sperling, E sparrow, K sparan, G sparasion, L parra
  • *niz-do (niño): R gnezdo, E nest, A nist, L nidus, S nidas, Ir net, D Nest/nisten

BestasEditar

  • *ghwer- (besta): R zver', B zveris, L ferus-> E fierce, G ther
  • *maghos (animal novo): W magus, C magu-rix, OIr maug, I magava, Al makth, B mac, OHG magad->magd, OE maege->maid
  • *s-tauro (bisonte): I staora, W stiur, B tauras, G tauros, L taurus, C tarvos, R tur, E steer, D Stier
  • *rtko- (oso): G arktos->arctic, L ursus, S rksa, I xirs, A arj, C art, Al ari
  • *wlkwpo- (lobo): R volk, B vilkas, E wolf, C vail, L lupus, P vehrka, A gail, D Wolf, G Lykos, Al ujk, S vr.ka, Ir faol, K walkwe
  • *epero- (verrón): D Eber, L aper, R vepr', B vepris >< L vepres, S vapati
  • *bhi-bhru (castor): S babhrus, B bebras, R bobr, C beber, E beaver, L fiber, I bawra, D Biber
  • *udras (lontra): S udras, I udra, B udra, R vydra, G hydros, E otter, D Otter
  • *vever- (esquío): L viverra, C gwiwer, R veveritsa, B vaveris, NI varvarah
  • *eghi- (ourizo): R ež, B ezys, F eksis, G ekhinos, D Igel, A ozni
  • *netr- (serpe): L natrix, C nathir/neidr, OE naeddre->adder, D Natter
  • *kat- (cría): L catulus, Umb katel, R vy-kot

Animais domésticosEditar

  • *kwon- (can): G kuon/cynic, A shun, F kunes, K ku, C cuna, L canis, E hound, S shúnas, I shun, R suka
  • *ekwo- (cabalo): L equus, K yakwe, C eqa/epos, G hippos, S aswa, B asva, P aspa
  • *gwou- (vaca/touro): S gaus, B guovs, R govyado, K keu, A kov, E cow, L bos, G bous, Ir bo, D Kuh
  • *su- (porco): L sus/suinus, E sow/swine, B sivens, R svin, S sukaras, Al thi, G us/vinos, D Sau
  • *porko- (porco): G porkos, L porcus, B parsas, R porosya, I purs, E farrow, Ir orc, D Ferkel
  • *ag- (cabra): S ajah, I azak, B ozys, OIr ajinam, OCS yazno, R k-oza
  • *owi- (ovella): L ovis, R ovtsa, B avis, S avika, E ewe, G ois, C oi
  • *agwhno- (año): L agnus, R agnets, OCS yagn', G amnos, Ir uan, OE eanian
  • *kerw- (cornudo): G keraos, L cervus->serval, C carw, B karve, OCS krava, E hart
  • *mus- (rato): S mus, I mus, L mus, OHG mus, G mys->muscle, R mysh, A muk, Al mi, D Maus, E mouse

Produtos animaisEditar

  • *owye- (ovo): L avis/ovum, G oion, C oi, R yaye->yaytso, D Ei, I aia->aika, E egg
  • *melit (mel): G melitos, A meghr, Al mjal, L mel/mellis/mulsus, C mel, OIr mil, H milit, E mildew
  • *medhu (mel): S madhu, R med, B medus, E mead, G methy, I madu
  • *alu-d (cervexa): B alus, E ale, OCS ol, L alumen, OG aleo/aleupon
  • *glag- (leite): G gala/galaktios, L lac/lactis >< * *sveid-: B svaidit, S ksvidyati, I xsvid
  • *selp- (manteiga): K s.älyp, S salbe, G helpos, H salpa-, Al gjalpë, S sarpis, E salve
  • *suro- (queixo): B suras, R syr, ON surr/syrra, Al hirre
  • *smeru- (graxa): OIr smera, G smuris, D schmer
  • *moisos (coiro): B maisas, S mesas, I maesi->mes, ON meiss, R mekh
  • *kern- (corno): R serna, L cornus, E horn, S crengam, I srva, G keras->keratina/rinoceronte

Vexetais comestiblesEditar

  • *greno- (gran): L granum, OIr gran, R zerno, B zirnis, S jirnas, OHG kerno
  • *peluos (fariña): OPr pelwa, L palea, S palavas, B pelavas, R polova, G palo
  • *bhares (cebada): F brisa, L farina, E barley, OCS brashno
  • *puro- (colleita): S puras, B puras, G puros, R pyrey, E furze
  • *yewo- (trigo): S yavas, B javai, I yavanha, R ovin, G zeia
  • *urughya (centeo): B rugys, R rozh, ON rugr, E rye
  • *gherzdh- (cebada): L hordeum, D Gerste, A drith, G kri
  • *avig- (avea): B aviza, S avasam, R oves, E oats, L avena, G aigilops
  • *bhabha (faba): L faba, OPr babo, R bob, Al bathe, OHG bona, E bean
  • *eregwo- (ervella): G orobos, OIr orbaind, L ervum, D erbse >< * *k'iker (pea): L cicer, A siser, Md kikerroi, G krios

Outros produtosEditar

  • *lino- (liño): G linon, B linas, L linum, OIr lin, Al lini, W lein, OE lin, R len, D Leinen
  • *sali- (sal): L sale, K sale, B sals, E salt, G als, A al, OIr salann, R sol', D Salz
  • *gwel- (ouro): E gold, R zlato, G chloros, F glunea, L helvus, P zaranya, S hari, D Gold
  • *ayes- (metal): S ayas, L aes, OHG er, E ore

InstrumentosEditar

  • *aguesi (machada): E axe, D Axt, G adzi, L ascia
  • *arqu- (arco): S arkas, L arcus, W arhuazna, E arrow >< G arkeuthos, R rakita, B ercis
  • *aik- (pica): G aikloi/iktea, OPr ayculo, R igla, L ico/icere >< G aihun, OPr aysmis, I isar
  • *ke(n)g- (gancho): B kenge, NI cang, Ir cheng, R kogot', E hook/hatchel
  • *skeb- (coitelo): B skabus, L scabere, R skoblit', ON skepja, D Schaff
  • *skap- (ferramenta): R skopit/kopat, B skaplis/kapas, OHG skaft, G skopelos/kopos, L capus, NI kafad, Al kep
  • *mat- (legón): S matyam, R motyka, L mateola, OHG modela -> C matog, E mattock
  • *mak- (bolsa): L makas, C megin, D magen, E mag->maw, R moshna
  • *tuol- (tubo): R tula, G tholon, S tunas, OHG dola
  • *tark- (eixo): S tarkus, OPr tarkue, R torok, K tark, G atraktos, C torc, L torqueo, OHG drahsil
  • *gweri- (roda de muíño): R jernov, L girna, OHG kuerna/curn, A erkan, S gravan, C breuan
  • *kwekwlo (roda/carro): G kyklos->cycle, K kokale, L circle/circus, S cakram->chakra, R koleso
  • *nau- (nave): S nau, C nau, G naus, L navis, I navaza, A nav, ON nor

MoradaEditar

  • *dem- (casa): S dam-as, I dam, G dom-os, L dom-us, R dom, E timber
  • *treb- (morada): C treb, L trabes, B troba, E thorp, D dorf, G teremnon
  • *rebh- (teito): G erepho, R rebro, E rib, ON rif->reef
  • *ghrendh- (trabe): B grindis, ON grind, L grunda, R gryada
  • *kantho- (esquina): G kanthos, L cantus, C cant, B kampas, R kut, D Kante
  • *ang- (ángulo): OHG ango, Oss aengur, S angam/ankas, L ancus/uncus, B anka, G ogkos, R ugol
  • *dhwer- (porta): A dur, R dver', S dvaras, Al derë, ON dyrr, E door, C doro, G thyra, B durys, L fores, D Tür, Ir doras, K twere
  • *gher- (valo): R jerd', OCS grad, B gardas, E garden, Al garth, F gordum, L hortus, S grahas
  • *pent- (estrada): L pons/pontis, G pontos, S panthas, I fandag, G patos, R pot'->put', E find, A hun
  • *bheregh (forte): R bereg/beregu, GM berg/burg, E barrow/borough, A barjr, S brahant, C bre, D Bereich * *

Termos sociaisEditar

  • *teuta (tribo): C teuto, Os touta, OE Þeoð (Theod), D "Deutsch", OPr toda, OIr tuath
  • *leudh- (xente): B liaudis, R liud, OHG liut, G eleutheros, OIr luss, L liber, S rodhati, I raoda-, D Leute
  • *weik- (pobo): OHG weihs, B viesis, R ves', I vis, Al vis, S vic, L vicus, G oikos
  • *reg- (gobernante): L rex, C rix, S rajah, L regere, G oregein, C recto, E right, D Recht
  • *ner- (poder): C nerth, Al njer, L nervus, G neuron, S nar, B noras, R nrav
  • *yewes (lei): S yoh, L jus, I yaozda, OIr huisse
  • *ala (saúdo): S alala, G alala, B aluoti, R ole, E hello, D Hallo
  • *peku- (riqueza/gando): L pecus/pecunia, G pekto, B pesti, S pasu, I pasu, W faihu, E feoh->fee, Al pile
  • *mizdho- (tarifa): S midham, I mizdam, W mizdo, R mzda, G misthos, D miete
  • *vesno- (prezo): S vasnam, OCS veno, L venum, G honos, A gin, H ussaniya->bazaar
  • *k'at- (rifa): S catrus, C catu, E hate, OCS kotora, S satayati
  • *koros (guerra): B karas, I kara, G koiranos, C cuire, D Heer, OE herebeorg->harbour, E herald
  • *veik- (vitoria): B veikus/viekas, R vek, L vincere/victum, Gl vecorix, ON veig/vega, OHG wigan, Ir fichim
  • *deiw-os (deus): S devas, B dievas, L deus, G theos/Zeus, F tios
  • *bal (poder): S, bala, G beltión, L bilis, OIr odbal, R bolee

VerbosEditar

  • *bheue- (ser): S bhutis, B buti, R byt', Ir buith, E be, L fui/futuros.
  • *es- (ser): R est', B esti, G esti, S asti, I asti, L est, E is, A e.
  • *gene- (parir): G genos/genesis, L genus, E kin, G kind, N zentas, R zyat', I zanaite, S jajana
  • *gwei- (vivir): S jivati, B gyvoti, OSC jivot, R jivoy, L vivere, E quick, G zoion, OIr bethu->whiskey
  • *bheud- (espertar): S budhyate/budhas, B budeti, R budit', I buidyeti, OIr buide, ON bod, G pepusmai
  • *pneu- (respirar): G pneu/pneuma, ON fnysa
  • *kwas- (tusir): S kasate, Ir casad, R kashlyat', B koseti, D husten
  • *smei- (rir): R smeius', S smayate, B smaidit, K smi, E smile, L co(s)mis, G meidos, OIr miad
  • *prai- (gustar): S priyas, R priyat', B prieks, G praos, I frya, W frijja, E friend, D Freund
  • *leubh- (amar): R lubit', S lubhyati, L lubens/libido, OE lufu->love, B liaupse, Al laps, D Liebe ->lieben (verb)
  • *eibh- (copular): OHG eiba, S yabhati, R yebat', Il oibalos, G oibu
  • *sneubh- (cortexar): OR snubit', L nubo/nubere, G nymphios
  • *g'eme- (casar): S jamatar, I zamatar, G dzamos/dzameo, L generis, A amus-nanal
  • *ed- (comer): B edmi, R eda, S admi/atti, A utem, L edo, G edo, E eat, D essen
  • *gwreugh- (morder): L grauzti, R gryzt'/grust', W kriustan, A krtz-el/ktz-el, С * *brugnos->brwyn
  • *poi- (beber): R poit', S payate/pitis, G pio, Al pi, L bibo, Ir ibim
  • *leigh- (lamber): L lingere, S ledhi, OIr ligim, G leikhein, A luz-el, R lizat', OHG leckôn, E lick, D lecken
  • *reug- (vomitar): R rygat', B rugsti, G ereugomai, L erugere/ructare, E reek, NI arog, A orcam
  • *perd- (peidear): R perdet', S pardate, B per(d)sti, F perdomai, Al pjerth, E fart, D furzen
  • *dhrei- (defecar): R dristat', ON drita -> E dirt, B derkti, G dardainei, L foria
  • *meigh- (mexar): S mehati, I maezati, B mizti, Sl mziti, R mezga, A miz-el, K mizo, G omeihein, ON miga, W maihstus, E mash
  • *dre(m)- (durmir): R dremat', S drayati, G drathano, OG A tartam, L dormio, E dream
  • *suergh- (estar enfermo): W saurga, D Sorge, S surksati, OIr serg, B sergu, OCS sraga, E sore
  • *mer- (morrer): R meret', B mirti, S marati, I miryeite, L mori/mortuus, A mer-nel, G emorten, E murder, C marvos
  • *magh- (ser capaz): I magus->magic, B magus, E maegen->might, mekhane->machine, OCS mogti, D (ver-)mögen
  • *weid- (ver): S veda, I vaeda, R vedat'/videt', L videre, F wit, E wit, A gitem
  • *g'en- (coñecer): R znat', B žinoti, S janati, I adana, E know, K knan, Ir gnath, G gnotos, L co-gnosco, Al njeh, Ir gnath, H kanes, A canot'
  • *ver- (falar): L verbum, B vardas, E word, R vrat', S vrata, I urvata, H ueria, G eiro/ritor/rothis
  • *k'leu- (oír): C clu, G kleos, Il cleves, L clarus, B slave, R slovo/slava, S cravas, I sravah -> G Hera-kles, OHG hlut->ablaut, OE hlud->loud
  • *nem- (contar, enumerar): OIr nem, D nehmen, G nemo->Nemesis, G nomos->economy, B namas, L numerus->E number
  • *med- (aconsellar): C meddu, L meditor/medicus/modus, G medousa, ON meta, E empty, A mit, S masti
  • *gebh- (ter): E giban->give, C gabi, B gabenti, OSC gobina, L habere, OR khabit'
  • *aug- (aumentar): B augti, L augur/auctis, G audzo, W aukan, OHG ouhhon, S ugras, K auksu, E waist
  • *dhe- (dar): R dat', A dal, B duoti, S dadati, Al dhashe, G doron
  • *lau- (adquirir): G laia/leia, W laun, R lov, OIr luag, L lucrum, S lotram
  • *mei-n- (cambiar): D gemein, S menis, R mena, B mainas, OIr moin, L munus->immunis/communis
  • *kwrei- (mercar): X krinati, B krienis, OIr crenaim, OR krenut', K kuryar, G priasthai, A gnel
  • *k'lep- (roubar): G klepto, A khlel, L clepo, W hlifan, Ir cluain, OPr auklipts, B slepti, D klauen
  • *leugh- (mentir): OE leogan->lie, D leugnen/lügen/Lüge, B lugoti, R lugati->lgat'
  • *mei- (enganar): S mayate, R mayat', B maju, G mimos >< * *dhreugh-: ON draugr, S druhyati, I druzaiti, E dream
  • *gang- (rirse de alguén): S ganjah, OHG canc, E kink, OG gaggainein, R gugnya
  • *ghleu- (bromear): E glee, B glauda, G hleun, ON gleyma/glaumr, R glum/glupyi
  • *(s)tai- (esconder): S stayat, I tayu-, R tait', OIr taid, H tajezzi, G tetao
  • *dhers- (ousar): S dharsanah, R derzkiy, OPr dyrsos, E durst, G thrasos
  • *kwel- (guindar): E wheel, C cellach, G keleies, B kalti, R kolot', L collum/colere->colony/cult, G polos/telos->talisman
  • *wedh- (dirixir): R vedu, A var-el, B vedu, E wed, Ir fedim, Al vjeth -> bride/wedding: S vadhus, I vadu
  • *wegh- (conducir): L veho, E wagon, S vahati, I vazaiti, R vezti, L vezti, Al vjez
  • *bher- (soportar): S bharati, I baraiti, R beru, Ir biru/brith, A ber-el, Al bie, G fero, L fero, E bear/birth, D burde/geburde, K pär, B baras, Ir beirem
  • *sta- (estar de ): I staya, E stand, L sto, B stoti, R stavit', D stehen
  • *k'lei- (inclinar): C cle, L clino/cliens/clivus, G kline/klima/klitos, OE hlid->lid, E lean, A linim, B kletis/slieti, R klet'/sloy, S srayati, I srinu--> G klimax, E ladder
  • *sed - (sentar): R sedlo/selo, C sedlon, E saddle, OHG sezzal, L sedo-->sella, G ella, D sitzen
  • *legh- (mentir): R lejat', G lexos, L lectus, OHG liggan, Ir lige, D liegen
  • *ei- (ir): B eiti, R idti, W iddja, S eti, I aeiti, G eimi, L ire
  • *gwem- (vir): L venio, S gamat, I jamaiti, K kam, E come, A gal, D kommen
  • *leikw- (deixar): B liekas, OIr leicid, D leihen, R (o)lek, A lk-el, G leipo/loipos, L linquo/liqui
  • *dra- (fuxir): S drati/dramati, G dradomai/dromos, Ill Drava, R drapat', B drebeti, D trappel, A trel
  • *k'ers- (correr): C carros, L curro/cursus, E hurry, G epikouros/sarsai, A kark
  • *pleu- (fluír): L pluit/pulmo, G pleusis/ploutos, R plavat', B plauti, S plavate, OHG flowen, E flue/flood/float/fleet/flight, D fliessen, fluten, fliegen
  • *preu- (saltar): R prygat', S pravate, OHG frowen, G Freude, E frog
  • *suep- (guindar): S svapu/vapati, B supuoti, R sypat', L supare/dissipare
  • *leug- (romper): G lugros, Al lunge, A lucanel, L lugere/luctus, OIr lucht, D luke, B lauzti, S rujati, I uruxti
  • *tere- (cruzar): L terminus/trans-, G terthron/nek-tar, Al sh-tir, H tarhzi, S tarati/ava-tar, E thorough/through, D durch
  • *sekw- (seguir): B sekti, L sequor/socis, OIr sechithir, ON seggr, S sacate
  • *ap- (alcanzar): I apayeiti, S aptah, G apto, A ap, L apex/apud/aptis, H apanzi, K oppacci
  • *au- (axudar): S avati/avitar-, I aoman/avah-, A aviun, C Awo, Ir awell, K aulare
  • *pet- (abrir os brazos): B petys, G petalon, L patere, H pattar, I patana, E fathom/fother
  • *dhegwh- (queimar): B degti, R dyogot'/jget, Al djek, OIr daig, W dags, E day, S dahati, I dazaiti
  • *tau- (fundir): R tayat', Oss thayun, D tauen, A tanam, C tawdd, L tabere, G tiphos, E Thames
  • *steg- (cubrir): G stegos, S sthagati, B stiegti, L tegere/toga/tectum, OIr tech, D deck, E thatch, R stog
  • *areg- (cerrar con chave): S argala, G argella, Sc argylla, A argel, L arcere, W arka, OPr arkan, H hark
  • *gerebh- (rabuñar): R jerebiy, OPr girbin, G grapho/grammo, D kerben/krebs/kribbeln, A kerel, E curb
  • *orbho- (traballo): A orb, C orbe, L orbus, S arbha, H arpa-, G orphanos, D arbeiten/Arbeit, R rab/rabota/rebyata
  • *se- (sementar): R seyat', B seti, L serere, E to sow, C saithe, L semen, B semens, R semya, D säen
  • *are- (arar): K are, G arou, L aro, B arti, R orat', A araur, C airim
  • *yeug- (xunguir): S yugam, I jug, H jugan, L jugum/jungere, B jungas, E yoke, R igo, G zygon, C iou
  • *bhel- (florecer): L flos/folium, G phyllon, E flower/blossom, OIr blath/bile, D Blume
  • *kerp- (arrincar) G karpos, L carpere/carpit, R serp, B sirpis, L sarpio, OHG sarf, G arpagn, E harvest
  • *neik- (aventar): B niekoti, G neiklon, C nithio
  • *mele- (moer): R melyu, B malu/meltan, K mely, C melim, E mill/meal, Al miell, L mola/molere, A malem, G mullo
  • *gen- (prensar): S hanti, I jainti, B ginti, R gnat', Al gjanj, A gan, Ir gonim, ON gunnr, G theino/phonos, L defendo
  • *deme- (domar): S damyati, G damnanai, OIr damnaim, H damaazzi, I dam, L domare, E tame, D zähmen
  • *pas- (protexer): S pacyati, K pask, R pasti/pitatj, L pastum/pastor, G apastos, H pahhsi, OHG fuotar, E feed
  • *sne- (xirar): B snate, S snayati, Ir sniid, E snood/needle, R snovat'/osnova, L nere/netus, G neo/nema
  • *teks- (tecer): L textile, B tukstet, G tikos, R tkat', OHG duhen
  • *syu- (coser): S syutas, L suere, E to sew, B siuti, R shit'
  • *rezg- (trenzar): B rezgis, R rozga, L restis, S rajju, OE rysce->rush
  • *eu- (vestir): S aotra, R obuv', B auti/aviu, A aganum, L ex-uo/ind-uo
  • *neigw- (enxaugar): OIr nigid, L noegeum, ON nikr, D nix, G nidzo, S nenekti
  • *loua- (lavar): G louein, C lautro, L lavere, A loganam, H lauzi, D lauge, E lye/lather
  • *dheigh- (moldear): G teichos, C tais, R testo, E dough, L fingere
  • *pekw- (cociñar): Al pjek, R pech, S pacati, K pak, C poeth, G pepsis
  • *kuep- (cocer): S kupyati, B kupuoti, L cupere, R kipet', Al kapitem, G kapnos, ON hvap, OIr ad-cobra
  • *ked- (fumegar): G kedros, S kadrum, B kadegis, R kadit'
  • *ongw- (unxir): L unguo, OHG ancho, S anakti, A aucanem, C amenen
  • *wegwh- (xurar): S vaghat, I vaganti, L vovere/votum, A gog -> S ohate, I aoxta, G eihomai, A yuzem
  • *prek- (pedir): L precor->E pray, K prak, S pracnas, R prosit', B prasyti, I frasa, OHG fraga
  • *gwer- (orar): R zheret'->zhrets, Al gershas, B girti/giriu, S gurtih, L grates, OIr bard
  • *ghwen- (soar): R zvenet', A jain, Al zeh >< * *svonos: S svanas, E swan, L sonus
  • *k'vei- (asubiar): ON hvina, OE hvinan->whistle, R svist, B svyksti
  • *kan- (cantar): K kan, G kanaso, L cano, OIr canim, R kanyuk, W hana, E hen
  • *leig- (bailar): G ligaino, B laigyti, W laiks, OHG leich, OIr loig, S rejati, Krd lizim, R likovat'
  • *ves- (festexar): H uesi, L vescor, I vastra, S vastoh, C gwest, OHG wist
  • *serpe- (arrastrarse): Al gjarpër, G herpō, L serpō, S sr.p

AdxectivosEditar

  • *meg- (grande): G megas, L magnus, A mec, Il mag, C maige, Al math/madhi, S mahas, K maka, W mikils
  • *wesu- (bo): S vasu, C uesu, K yasi, Il ves, R veselyi B vesels, E wise, I vanhu
  • *kailo- (crdo): G koilu, C coilou/coel, OHG heil, E holy, R tselyi, L salvis
  • *kal- (guapo): S kalya, G kallos, E health
  • *k'ven- (sagrado): B sventas, R svyatoy, I spanyah, W hunsl
  • *upo-s (alto): G hypsi, L uxellus, C uxello, Ir uas, R vysokiy
  • *dheub- (profundo): B dubos, C dubno-, Il dubris, R duplo, W diups, ON diupr, E dive/dump/dimple, G buthos, D tief
  • *sen- (vello): B senas, L senex, C sen, ON sina, S sana, I hana, A hanapaz, G enos
  • *newo- (novo): L novus, R novyi, G neos, H newa, E new, S navas, I nava, B naujas, C naue, A nor, D neu
  • *yeu- (xove): R yunyi, S yunas, C iouin, B jaunas, E young, I yuvan, L juvenis/junior, D jung
  • *veg- (fresco): L vegeo/vigil/velox, E weccan->wake, E wecca->witch, S vajayati, I vazram, K wasir, D wach
  • *las- (entusiasta): S lasati, R lasyi->laska, L lascivus, B loksnus, E lust, G lilaiomai
  • *gal- (nu): B gale, OHG kalo, D kahl, L calvus, R golyi -> B galva, OCS glava
  • *nogw- (nu): OE nacod, W naqaþs, S nagna, H nekumant-, L nudus, G gymnos, B nuogas, OCS nagu-, OIR nocht, D nackt
  • *bhosos (descalzo): R bosoy, B basas, A bok, E bare, G psilos, D Barfuss
  • *aig- (enfermo): L aeger, K aikare, ON eikenn, E inkling, B ingas/angus, R yaga
  • *kaiko- (torto): S kekara, B keikti, G kaikias, L caecus, C cuic, W haihs
  • *ster- (estéril): L sterilis, G steira, A sterj, Al shtjerre, OHG stero, Blg steritsa
  • *deks- (dereito): С dexs, L dexter, OSC desnaya, B desine, I dasina, A djathte, OHG zeso
  • *layuo- (esquerdo): L laevus, G laios, R levyi, Il levo, E left, B islaivoti >< * *sevio-: OCS shuya, S savyas, C aswy, I haoya
  • *dheb- (gordo): R debelyi, OPr debikan, K tappo
  • *pasto- (sólido): S pastyam, OIr fastr, D fest, A hast
  • *bheng'h (groso): OHG bungo, B pinguis, K pkante, H panku, G naxos, S bahu, I bazah
  • *tenu- (delgado): L tenuis, C teneu, R tonkiy, S tanus, G tanus, E thin, L tevas, D dünn
  • *del-egh- (longo): H dalugaes, R dolgiy, B ilgas, L in-dulgeo, S dirghas, I dargam, C dala >< * *(d)longhos-: L * *longus, C loggos, D lang, Prs dirang
  • *mreghu- (curto): I muruzu-, Sg murzak, OHG mergi, E merry, G brahea, L brevis
  • *angh- (estreito): G agho, S ahema, I azanhe, R v-yazat', W aggwus, ON ongr, A anjuk, C eang, D eng
  • *gwere- (pesado): S guruh, I gouruh, B gursti, L gravis, K kramarts, G baros, D schwer
  • *legwh- (lixeiro): R legkiy, S laghus, C laigiu, G elachys, R light, L levis, D leicht
  • *ok'us (veloz): G okos, L ocior, OI di-oc, I asya, S asu-, R yastrit'->yastreb
  • *bheres- (presto): R borzoy, B bruzgus, C brys, L festino
  • *toros (ruidoso): G toros, S taras, C taran, Ir torann, B tariu, R taratorit', A trtrak, H tar-
  • *kwei- (tranquilo): ON hvila, L quies/tranquillus, R po-koy, S ciram, I syata-
  • *k'leu- (limpo): G kluomos/kludon, C Cluad->Clyde, L cluo->cloaca, OE hluttor, B sluoti, R sleza
  • *swad- (doce): E sweet, G swedona->hedone, L suavis/suadere, C suadu
  • *kuath- (agre): S kvathas, R kvass, B kusuls, W hatho, L caseus, Al cos
  • *om- (amargo): G omos, A hum, L amarus, S amlam, Sk amadzokoi, D ahm, OE ampre, B amuols
  • *ak'r- (agudo): G akros, L acer, B asrus, S asrih, R ostr, OI ochir -> L acus, B akstis, W ahs, R ost'
  • *gheld- (frío): OCS hlad, S hladate, L gelidus/glacies, E chill/cool/cold, I sald, B saltas, D kalt
  • *ghwer- (cálido): R zhar, B gorme, F germo, A jerm, E warm, L formus, G thermos, S haras, D warm
  • *gheu-d (líquido): S hutas, G hota, S juhoti, D giessen >< R jidkiy, G deisa, A gijoy
  • *melk- (húmido): B malkas, G melkion, E milk, OCS mleko, L mulceo
  • *plak- (chan): R ploskiy, G plas/pelagos, L plancus, E fluke/flat, D flach

CoresEditar

  • *reudh- (vermello): E red, B raudas/rudas, C roudo, S rudhiras, R rudy/rdet', G eruthros, K ratram, L ruber, D rot
  • *bhel- (branco): R bely, C bael, B baltas, S bhalam, F falos, Al balle, L albus, H alpas, D Alps/Elba, C elfydd, R lebed'
  • *ghel- (verde): B geltas/zalias, R jelty/zeleny, D gelb (yellow), L helvus, F zelkia, E yellow, Al dhelpere
  • *kas-n (gris): S kasas, OHG haso, Pr sasins, R sosna, L canus
  • *kerbero- (picazo): G kerberos, S sarvarah/cabalas, R sobol', OIr corbaim, B kirba
  • *tem- (escuro): S tamas, B tamsa, I tamah, R temen', OIr temel, L tenebrae/temere, OHG demar

ReferenciasEditar

  • Calvert Watkins, The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European roots: Second Edition, Houghton Mifflin, September 14, 2000 - ISBN 0-395-98610-9
  • Carl Darling Buck, A dictionary of selected synonyms in the principal Indo-European languages: A contribution to the history of ideas, University of Chicago Press; Reprint edition (June 15, 1988) - ISBN 0-226-07937-6