Diferenzas entre revisións de «Perda de peso»

Arranxos.
(→‎Véxase tamén: Arranxo ligazóns.)
(Arranxos.)
O adelgazamento pode ser non-intencional, como no caso de [[Doenza|enfermidades]] crónicas, tales como a [[tuberculose]]<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Pathak|first=K.|last2=Soares|first2=M. J.|last3=Calton|first3=E. K.|last4=Zhao|first4=Y.|last5=Hallett|first5=J.|date=2014-06-01|title=Vitamin D supplementation and body weight status: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials|pmid=24528624|journal=Obesity Reviews: an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity|volume=15|issue=6|pages=528–537|doi=10.1111/obr.12162|issn=1467-789X}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal|doi=10.1042/CS20120223|title=The defence of body weight: A physiological basis for weight regain after weight loss|year=2013|last1=Sumithran|first1=Priya|last2=Proietto|first2=Joseph|journal=Clinical Science|volume=124|issue=4|pages=231–41|pmid=23126426}}</ref> e certas formas de [[cancro]] — o [[cancro de pulmón]] e os do tubo dixestivo son as [[Neoplasia|neoplasias]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/wgtloss.html|publisher=[[US Food and Drug Administration]]|title=The facts about weight loss products and programs|work=DHHS Publication No (FDA) 92-1189|year=1992|accessdate=2013-05-14|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20060926035920/http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/wgtloss.html|archivedate=26 September 2006}}</ref> malignas máis frecuentes nos pacientes que experimentan perda de peso non intencional —.<ref name="harrison">Harrison Principios de Medicina Interna 16a edición (2006). <div class="cx-overlay"><div class="cx-spinner"><div class="bounce1"></div><div class="bounce2"></div><div class="bounce3"></div></div></div></ref><ref>{{Cite journal|last1=Nedeltcheva|first1=AV|last2=Kilkus|first2=JM|last3=Imperial|first3=J|last4=Schoeller|first4=DA|last5=Penev|first5=PD|title=Insufficient sleep undermines dietary efforts to reduce adiposity|journal=Annals of Internal Medicine|volume=153|issue=7|pages=435–41|year=2010|pmid=20921542|pmc=2951287|doi=10.7326/0003-4819-153-7-201010050-00006|url=http://www.annals.org/article.aspx?volume=153&page=435}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|author=Harmon, Katherine|url=http://www.scientificamerican.com/blog/post.cfm?id=sleep-might-help-dieters-shed-more-2010-10-04|title=Sleep might help dieters shed more fat|work=Scientific American|date=4 October 2010|accessdate=20 October 2010}}</ref> Outras formas de perda non-intencional de peso inclúen trastornos que causen [[Vómito|vómitos]], [[diarrea]], e enfermidades pobremente controladas como a [[Diabetes mellitus|diabetes]] e o [[Hipertiroidismo|hipertiroidismo.]]<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=MmZcctuB3fsC&pg=PA67|page=67|title=The role of nutrition in maintaining health in the nation's elderly: evaluating coverage of nutrition services for the Medicare population|author=Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Nutrition Services for Medicare Beneficiaries|isbn=978-0-309-06846-8|date=2000-06-09}}</ref>
 
Noutros casos, o adelgazamento pode ser intencional, un esforzo por parte do individuo, xeralmente centrado en [[Dieta|dietas]], para mellorar a súa saúde ou a súa aparencia. A perda de peso terapéutica, especialmente en persoas con [[obesidade]] pode diminuír o risco da aparición de enfermidades como a [[hipertensión arterial]], [[Cardiopatía|cardiopatías]] e certas formas de [[Cancro|cancro.]]. As dietas excesivas ou mal controladas poden producir [[desnutrición]], [[anemia]], [[atrofia muscular]], [[hipovitaminosis]] e desequilibrios electrolíticos e [[Deshidratación|hídricos]].<ref name="encarta">''[http://web.archive.org/web/http://es.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_961537470/Adelgazamiento.html Adelgazamiento]'' (en español). </ref><ref name="Andersen2">{{Cite journal|doi=10.1080/00207148508406645|title=Hypnotizability as a factor in the hypnotic treatment of obesity|last=Andersen|first=M. S.|year=1985|journal=International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis|volume=33|pages=150–159|issue=2|pmid=4018924}}</ref><ref name="Itoh-20132">{{cite journal|last=Itoh|first=M|author2=Tsuji, T|author3=Nemoto, K|author4=Nakamura, H|author5=Aoshiba, K|title=Undernutrition in patients with COPD and its treatment|journal=Nutrients|date=Apr 18, 2013|volume=5|issue=4|pages=1316–35|pmid=23598440|doi=10.3390/nu5041316|pmc=3705350}}</ref>
 
== Control de peso ==
[[Ficheiro:Body_mass_index_chart-es.svg|miniatura|255x255px|'''Gráfico do [[ índice de masa corporal]].'''<br title="Índice de masa corporal">Branco = '''Baixo peso''' (IMC <18,5) <p>Amarelo = '''Rango normal''' (IMC = 18,5-24,99)</p>Laranxa = '''Sobrepeso''' (IMC = 25-29,99)
 
Vermello = '''Obesidade''' (IMC '''≥30''')<br>
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