Diferenzas entre revisións de «Poliomielite»

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→‎Resto do mundo: Organización Mundial da Saúde
m (Correcciones ortográficas con Replacer (herramienta en línea de revisión de errores))
m (→‎Resto do mundo: Organización Mundial da Saúde)
O [[América|continente americano]] foi declarado libre da polio no ano 1994,<ref name=MMWR_1994>{{Cita publicación periódica | title = International Notes Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication—the Americas, 1994 | journal = MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report | publisher = Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | volume = 43 | issue = 39 | pages = 720–2 | year = 1994 | url = https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00032760.htm | pmid = 7522302 | author1 = Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) | deadurl = no | archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20170521163051/https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00032760.htm | archivedate = 21 de maio de 2017 | df = dmy-all }}</ref> e no ano 2000 a polio declarouse oficialmente eliminada en 37 países do [[océano Pacífico|Pacífico occidental]], incluíndo [[China]] e [[Australia]].<ref name=Pacific>{{Cita publicación periódica | autor = | título = General News. Major Milestone reached in Global Polio Eradication: Western Pacific Region is certified Polio-Free | xornal = Health Education Research | ano = 2001 | volume = 16 | issue = 1 | páxina = 109 | url = http://her.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/16/1/109.pdf | format = PDF | doi = 10.1093/her/16.1.109 | deadurl = no | url-arquivo = https://web.archive.org/web/20070621131041/http://her.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/16/1/109.pdf | data-arquivo = 21 de xuño de 2007 | df = dmy-all }}</ref><ref name="D'Souza_2002">{{Cita publicación periódica |vauthors=D'Souza R, Kennett M, Watson C |title=Australia declared polio free |journal=Communicable Diseases Intelligence |volume=26 |issue=2 |pages=253–60 |year=2002 |pmid=12206379}}</ref> Porén, na China confirmouse un novo gromo en setembro de 2011 na provincia de [[Xinjiang]], fronteiriza con Paquistán.<ref>{{Cita novas | url=http://www.cnn.com/2011/09/21/health/china-polio-outbreak/index.html | work=CNN | title=New polio outbreak hits China - CNN.com | date=21 de setembro de 2011 | deadurl=no | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120101174601/http://www.cnn.com/2011/09/21/health/china-polio-outbreak/index.html | archivedate=1 de xaneiro de 2012 | df=dmy-all }}</ref> Pola súa banda [[Europa]] foi declarada libre da polio no ano 2002,<ref name=WHO_Europe_2002>{{cite press release | title = Europe achieves historic milestone as Region is declared polio-free | publisher = European Region of the World Health Organization | date = 21 de xuño de 2002 | url = http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/releaseeuro02/en/index.html | accessdate = 23 de agosto de 2008 | deadurl = no | archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20080916065107/http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/releaseeuro02/en/index.html | archivedate = 16 de setembro de 2008 | df = dmy-all }}</ref> aínda que o 1 de setembro de 2015 a [[Organización Mundial da Saúde|OMS]] confirmou 2 casos de poliovirus tipo 1 derivados de vacinación en [[Ucraína]].<ref name=WHO_Europe_2015>{{Cita web | title = Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus – Ukraine | publisher = World Health Organization | url = http://www.who.int/csr/don/01-september-2015-polio/en/ | accessdate = 9 de setembro de 2015 | date = 1 de setembro de 2015 | deadurl = no | archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20150908054032/http://www.who.int/csr/don/01-september-2015-polio/en/ | archivedate = 8 de setembro de 2015 | df = dmy-all }}</ref>
 
O último caso rexistrado de polio na rexión do [[sueste asiático]] foi na [[India]] en xaneiro de 2011.<ref>{{Cita web| url =http://www.searo.who.int/entity/immunization/topics/polio/eradication/sea-polio-free/en/| título =Polio-free certification: WHO South-East Asia| editor =OMS| data =27 de marzo de 2014| data-acceso =27 de marzo de 2014| url-arquivo =https://web.archive.org/web/20140327032034/http://www.searo.who.int/entity/immunization/topics/polio/eradication/sea-polio-free/en/| data-arquivo =27 de marzo de 2014| df =dmy-all| urlmorta =si}}</ref> Dende entón non se rexistraron casos de infeccións por polio silvestre na India, e en febreiro de 2012 a [[Organización Mundial da Saúde|OMS]] retirou ó país da súa lista de países con polio endémica.<ref>{{Cita novas|last=Ray|first=Kalyan|title=India wins battle against dreaded polio|newspaper=Deccan Herald|date=26 de febreiro de 2012}}</ref><ref>{{Cita novas|title=India polio-free for a year: ‘First time in history we’re able to put up such a map’|url=http://www.telegraphindia.com/1120226/jsp/frontpage/story_15181357.jsp|accessdate=26 de febreiro de 2012|newspaper=The Telegraph|date=26 de febreiro de 2012|location=Calcutta, India|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120227220101/http://www.telegraphindia.com/1120226/jsp/frontpage/story_15181357.jsp|archivedate=27 de febreiro de 2012|df=dmy-all}}</ref> O 27 de marzo de 2014 a OMS confirmou a erradicación da poliomielite na rexión do sueste asiático, incluíndo once países: [[Bangladesh]], [[Bután]], [[Corea do Norte]], [[India]], [[Indonesia]], [[Maldivas]], [[Myanmar]], [[Nepal]], [[Sri Lanka]], [[Tailandia]] e [[Timor Leste]].<ref name="eradication1">{{Cita web| url =http://www.searo.who.int/mediacentre/releases/2014/pr1569/en/| title =WHO South-East Asia Region certified polio-free| publisher =WHO| date =27 marzo de 2014| accessdate =27 marzo de 2014| deadurl =no| archiveurl =https://web.archive.org/web/20140327235218/http://www.searo.who.int/mediacentre/releases/2014/pr1569/en/| archivedate =27 marzo de 2014| df =dmy-all}}</ref>
 
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