Diferenzas entre revisións de «Estreito de Taiwán»

Máis de es.wiki
(Traducido de en:Taiwan Strait)
 
(Máis de es.wiki)
== Historia ==
O estreito separou a [[cultura da China|cultura]] [[Han]] da China continental dos aborixes de Taiwán durante milenios, aínda que os [[pobo hakka|hakka]] e os [[pbo hoklo|hoklo]] comerciaron e migraron por el.
 
Dende 1949 cando o goberno chinés do [[Kuomintang]], liderado por [[Chiang Kai-shek]], se refuxiou en Taiwán trala derrota na [[guerra civil chinesa]] fronte aos [[Partido Comunista da China|comunistas]] de [[Mao Tse Tung]], o estreito foi escenario dunha forte tensión política, e mesmo de bombardeos nas illas de Quemoy e Matsu, entre os réximes enfrontados da [[República Popular da China]] e a [[Taiwán|República da China]].
 
Durante moitos anos, os contactos entre ambos os lados do estreito estiveron prohibidos. A partir de 2001, o goberno da República da China autorizou algúns servizos de ferry e en 2008 establecéronse voos directos.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/spanish/international/newsid_7782000/7782963.stm BBC]</ref>
 
== Notas ==
{{Portal|China}}
=== Bibliografía ===
* {{cita enciclopedia|contribution=[[s:Encyclopædia Britannica, Ninth Edition/Formosa|Formosa]] |title=[[:s:Encyclopædia Britannica|Encyclopaedia Britannica]], ''[[:s:Encyclopædia Britannica, Ninth Edition|9th ed.]], [[:s:Encyclopædia Britannica, Ninth Edition/Volume IX|Vol.&nbsp;IX]]'' |editor-last=Baynes |editor-first=Thomas Spencer |display-editors=0 |publisher=Charles Scribner's Sons |location=New York |date=1879 |ref={{harvid|''EB''|1879}} |pp=415–17 }}.
* Bush, R. & O'Hanlon, M. (2007). ''A War Like No Other: The Truth About China's Challenge to America''. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-98677-1
* {{cita web|url=http://www.iho.int/iho_pubs/standard/S-23/S-23_Ed3_1953_EN.pdf |title=''S-23:'' Limits of Oceans and Seas |edition=3rd |date=1953 |location=Monaco |publisher=International Hydrographic Organization |ref={{harvid|IHO|1953}} }}.
* Bush, R. (2006). ''Untying the Knot: Making Peace in the Taiwan Strait''. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0-8157-1290-1
* {{cita web|url=https://www.iho.int/mtg_docs/com_wg/S-23WG/S-23WG_Misc/Draft_1986/Draft_1986.htm |title=''S-23:'' Limits of Oceans and Seas |edition=4th (draft) |date=1986 |location=Monaco |publisher=International Hydrographic Organization |ref={{harvid|IHO|1986}} }}.
* Carpenter, T. (2006). ''America's Coming War with China: A Collision Course over Taiwan''. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1-4039-6841-1
* Cole, B. (2006). ''Taiwan's Security: History and Prospects''. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-36581-3
* Copper, J. (2006). ''Playing with Fire: The Looming War with China over Taiwan''. Praeger Security International General Interest. ISBN 0-275-98888-0
* Federation of American Scientists et al. (2006). [http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/china/Book2006.pdf Chinese Nuclear Forces and U.S. Nuclear War Planning]
* Gill, B. (2007). ''Rising Star: China's New Security Diplomacy''. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0-8157-3146-9
* Shirk, S. (2007). ''China: Fragile Superpower: How China's Internal Politics Could Derail Its Peaceful Rise''. [[Oxford University Press]]. ISBN 0-19-530609-0
* Tsang, S. (2006). ''If China Attacks Taiwan: Military Strategy, Politics and Economics''. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-40785-0
* Tucker, N.B. (2005). ''Dangerous Strait: the U.S.-Taiwan-China Crisis''. [[Columbia University Press]]. ISBN 0-231-13564-5
=== Ligazóns externas ===
* {{cita web|url=http://www.iho.int/iho_pubs/standard/S-23/S-23_Ed3_1953_EN.pdf |title=''S-23:'' Limits of Oceans and Seas |edition=3rd |date=1953 |location=Monaco |publisher=International Hydrographic Organization |ref={{harvid|IHO|1953}} }}.
* {{cita web|url=https://www.iho.int/mtg_docs/com_wg/S-23WG/S-23WG_Misc/Draft_1986/Draft_1986.htm |title=''S-23:'' Limits of Oceans and Seas |edition=4th (draft) |date=1986 |location=Monaco |publisher=International Hydrographic Organization |ref={{harvid|IHO|1986}} }}.
 
{{Control de autoridades}}
 
[[Categoría:Estreitos|Taiwán, estreito de]]
[[Categoría:Mar da China Meridional]]
[[Categoría:Xeografía da China]]
39.649

edicións