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As focas barbudas dan a luz na primavera. No áerico canadense, as crías nacen en maio.<ref name="uoguelph"/> En Svalbard, chegan á madureza sexual aos 5 ou 6 anos de idade.<ref>Andersen, Magnus, et al. "[https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/174308/AndersenPolarBiol1999.pdf?sequence=1 Growth, age at sexual maturity and condition in bearded seals (Erignathus barbatus) from Svalbard, Norway]." Polar Biology 21.3 (1999): 179-185.</ref> Paren as crías en pequenos xeos flotantes en augas pouco profundas, as cales adoitan pesar de 30 a 40&nbsp;kg. Entran na auga só unhas horas despois de que nacen e rapidamente se converten en hábiles mergulladores. As nais coidan as crías durante de 18 a 24 días, durante os cales estas aumentan uns 3,3&nbsp;kg de media por día. Durante este tempo, as cías toman unha media de 8&nbsp;L de leite diarios. No momentodo destete pesan the uns 100&nbsp;kg.
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Just before the pups are weaned, a new mating cycle takes place. Females ovulate at the end of their lactation period, but remain close to their pups, ready to defend them if necessary. During the mating season, male seals will "sing," emitting a long-drawn-out warbling note that ends in a sort of moan or sigh. This sound may attract females, or may be used by the males to proclaim their territory or their readiness for breeding. Males occupy the same areas from one year to the next.<ref>{{cite book | title = Encyclopedia of the Arctic | author = Nuttal | publisher = Routlelege | location = New York, NY | year = 2005|display-authors=etal}}</ref>
 
Xusto antes de que as crías sexan destetadas, comeza nas femias un novo ciclo de apareamento. As femias ovulan ao final do seu período de lactación, peropermanecen preto das crías, preparadas para defendelas se for necesario. Durante a estación de apareamento, os machos "cantan", emitindo unha nota trilante moi longa que acaba nunha especie de queixume ou salaio. Este son pode atraer as femias ou pode utilizarse para proclamar o [[territorio (animal)|territorio]] ou a dispoñibilidade para aparearse. Os machos ocupan as mesmas áreas dun ano para outro.<ref>{{cite book | title = Encyclopedia of the Arctic | author = Nuttal | publisher = Routlelege | location = New York, NY | year = 2005|display-authors=etal}}</ref>
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Like many Arctic mammals, bearded seals employ a reproductive strategy known as [[delayed implantation]]. This means that the [[blastocyst]] is not implanted for two months after fertilization, most often becoming implanted in July. Thus, the seal's total [[gestation]] period is around eleven months, though its active gestation period is nine months.<ref>{{cite book | author = Perry, Judith E. | title = Seals of the World | publisher = Comstock Publishing Associates | location = Ithaca, NY | year = 1983 | page = 103}}</ref>
 
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