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== Alimentación ==
PrimarilyTeñen unha alimentación principalmente [[benthicbentos|bentónica]], beardede sealscomen feeddiversas onpequenas apresas varietyque ofencontran smallno preyfondo founddo along the ocean floorocéano, includingcomo [[clamameixa]]s, [[squidlura]],s ande [[fishpeixe]]s. TheirOs whiskersseus servebigores assérvenlles feelerspara tentear o terreo<ref>Saundry, Peter. 2010. [http://www.eoearth.org/article/Bearded_seal ''Bearded seal''] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100704151159/http://www.eoearth.org/article/Bearded_seal |date=July 4, 2010 }}. Encyclopedia of Earth. Topic editor C. Michael Hogan, Ed.in Chief: Cutler Cleveland, NCSE, Washington DC</ref> innos thebrandos softsedimentos bottomdo sedimentsfondo. AdultsOs tendadultos notnon toadoitan divemergullarse verymoito deepdurante os meses de verán, favoringpreferindo shallowzonas coastalcosteiras areaspouco noprofundas morede thannon máis de {{convert|300|&nbsp;m|abbr=on}} deepde profundidade. PupsAs upcrías todun oneano yearde old,idade however,aventúranse willa venturemoita muchmaior deeperprofundidade, divingmergullándose asata deepos as {{convert|450|&nbsp;m|abbr=on}}. InNun aestudo studyrealizado conducteddurante duringos themeses summerde months,verán thecomprobouse sealsque havese beenalimentaban foundde toinvertebrados feed on invertebrates such ascomo [[anemonesanemone]]s, [[seacogombro cucumbersde mar|cogombro de mar]], ande vermes [[polychaete wormspoliquetos]].<ref name="Finley"/> TheO samemesmo studyestudo foundencontrou thatque sculpinsos andpeixes ''[[arctic codCottoidea]]'' madee up most of their summer diet.o ''[[SculpinArctogadus glacialis]]'' wereconstituían alsoa foundmaior toparte bed thesúa largestdieta fishde consumedverán. byOs thecotoideos seals.eran Beardedos sealspeixes aremáis capablegrandes ofque preyingcomían. onPoden pelagiccomer andpeixes peláxicos e [[demersal|demersais]] fish in additionademais todas theirsúas benthicpresas preybentónicas.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Finley|first=K. J.|last2=Evans|first2=C. R.|date=1983-01-01|title=Summer Diet of the Bearded Seal ( Erignathus barbatus ) in the Canadian High Arctic|url=https://arctic.journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/arctic/index.php/arctic/article/view/2246|journal=ARCTIC|language=en-US|volume=36|issue=1|pages=82–89|doi=10.14430/arctic2246|issn=1923-1245}}</ref>
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Primarily [[benthic]], bearded seals feed on a variety of small prey found along the ocean floor, including [[clam]]s, [[squid]], and [[fish]]. Their whiskers serve as feelers<ref>Saundry, Peter. 2010. [http://www.eoearth.org/article/Bearded_seal ''Bearded seal''] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100704151159/http://www.eoearth.org/article/Bearded_seal |date=July 4, 2010 }}. Encyclopedia of Earth. Topic editor C. Michael Hogan, Ed.in Chief: Cutler Cleveland, NCSE, Washington DC</ref> in the soft bottom sediments. Adults tend not to dive very deep, favoring shallow coastal areas no more than {{convert|300|m|abbr=on}} deep. Pups up to one year old, however, will venture much deeper, diving as deep as {{convert|450|m|abbr=on}}. In a study conducted during the summer months, the seals have been found to feed on invertebrates such as [[anemones]], [[sea cucumbers]], and [[polychaete worms]].<ref name="Finley"/> The same study found that sculpins and [[arctic cod]] made up most of their summer diet. [[Sculpin]] were also found to be the largest fish consumed by the seals. Bearded seals are capable of preying on pelagic and [[demersal]] fish in addition to their benthic prey.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Finley|first=K. J.|last2=Evans|first2=C. R.|date=1983-01-01|title=Summer Diet of the Bearded Seal ( Erignathus barbatus ) in the Canadian High Arctic|url=https://arctic.journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/arctic/index.php/arctic/article/view/2246|journal=ARCTIC|language=en-US|volume=36|issue=1|pages=82–89|doi=10.14430/arctic2246|issn=1923-1245}}</ref>
 
== Reprodución e forma de vida ==
==Reproduction and lifecycle==
[[ImageFicheiro:Beardedsealpup.jpg|thumbminiatura|leftesquerda|BeardedCría sealde pupfoca barbuda]]
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Bearded seals give birth in the spring. In the [[Northern Canada|Canadian Arctic]], seal pupping occurs in May.<ref name="uoguelph"/> In Svalbard, bearded seals reach [[sexual maturity]] at 5 or 6 years of age.<ref>Andersen, Magnus, et al. "[https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/174308/AndersenPolarBiol1999.pdf?sequence=1 Growth, age at sexual maturity and condition in bearded seals (Erignathus barbatus) from Svalbard, Norway]." Polar Biology 21.3 (1999): 179-185.</ref> Further south, in [[Alaska]], most pups are born in late April.{{clarify|reason=See talk page|date=March 2013}} Pups are born on small drifting ice floes in shallow waters, usually weighing around {{convert|30|–|40|kg|abbr=on}}. They enter the water only hours after they are born, and quickly become proficient divers. Mothers care for the pups for 18–24 days, during which time the pups grow at an average rate of {{convert|3.3|kg|abbr=on}} per day. During this time, pups consume an average of {{convert|8|l|abbr=on}} of milk a day. By the time they are weaned, the pups have grown to about {{convert|100|kg|abbr=on}}.
 
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