Diferenzas entre revisións de «Carádridos»

== Taxonomía ==
A [[familia (bioloxía)|familia]] Charadriidae foi introducida polo zoólogo inglés [[William Elford Leach]] nunha guía dos contidos do [[Museo Británico]] publicada en 1820.<ref>{{ cite book | last=Leach | first=William Elford | author-link=William Elford Leach | year=1820 | chapter=Eleventh Room | title=Synopsis of the Contents of the British Museum | place=London | publisher=British Museum | edition=17th| pages=65–70 | oclc=6213801 }} Aínda que no documento non se especifica o nome do autor, Leach era daquela o Coidador de Zooloxía.</ref><ref>{{cite book | last=Bock | first=Walter J. | year=1994 | title=History and Nomenclature of Avian Family-Group Names | series=Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History | volume= Number 222 | publisher=American Museum of Natural History | place=New York | page=137 | url=http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/830 }}</ref> A familia divídese en dúas subfamilias: os [[caradrinos]] (Charadrinae), que inclúe as píllaras e píldoras, e os [[vanelinos]] (Vanellinae), que inclúe as avefrías.
== Descrición ==
They are small to medium-sized [[bird]]s with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings, but most species of lapwing may have more rounded wings. Their bill are usually straight (except for the [[wrybill]]) and short, their toes are short, hind toe could be reduced or absent, depending on species. Most Charadriidae also have relatively short tails, the [[killdeer]] is the exception. In most genera, the sexes are similar, very little sexual dimorphism occurs between sexes. They range in size from the [[collared plover]], at 26&nbsp;grams and {{convert|14|cm|in|abbr=on}}, to the [[masked lapwing]], at {{convert|368|g|lb|abbr=off}} and {{convert|35|cm|in|abbr=on}}.