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== Distribución e hábitat ==
Avocets and stilts are a [[cosmopolitan distribution|cosmopolitan]] family, being distributed on all the world's continents except Antarctica, and occurring on several oceanic islands. Several species are wide-ranging and a few are locally distributed.
As aves desta familia son cosmopolitas, con distribución por todos os continentes agás a [[Antártida]], e están presentes en moitas illas oceánicas. Varias especies teñen unha área de distribución ampla e unhas poucas están máis localizadas.
One species, the [[black stilt]] of [[New Zealand]], is [[critically endangered]] due to [[habitat loss]], [[introduced species|introduced predators]], and hybridisation with the [[pied stilt]].
Unha especie, ''[[Himantopus novaezelandiae]]'' de Nova Zelandia stá en perigo crítico debido á [[perda de hábitat]], [[especie introducida|predadores introducidos]] e hibridación coa ''[[Himantopus leucocephalus]]''.
== Alimentación ==
== Reprodución ==
Stilts and avocets breed on open ground near water, often in loose [[bird colony|colonies]]. They defend nesting territories vigorously with aggressive displays, and mob intruders and possible predators with a great deal of noise.<ref name=B&T/> They are [[monogamy|monogamous]], although the pair bonds are not maintained from season to season. Their eggs are light-coloured with dark markings, weighing {{convert|22|to|44|g|oz|abbr=on}}.<ref name=B&T/> Three to four are laid in simple [[bird nest|nests]], and both parents share the [[avian incubation|incubation]] duties, which last 22 to 28 days.<ref name=B&T/> The banded stilt may breed only every few years, as it breeds on temporary lakes caused by rains in the deserts of Australia. The chicks are [[down feathers|downy]] and [[precocial]], leaving the nest within a day of hatching;<ref name=B&T/> they fledge in 28 to 35 days.<ref name=B&T/> In all species except the banded stilt, the chicks are cared for by the parents for several months, and they may move them to new areas and defend territories there.<ref name=B&T/> Banded stilts deviate from this by collecting their chicks in massive [[Crèche (zoology)|crèches]] numbering several hundred.