Diferenzas entre revisións de «Esperanza de vida»

Etiqueta: edición de código 2017
Etiqueta: edición de código 2017
Données 2015<ref name="whs" /> publiées en mai 2016<ref>{{lien web|langue=en|titre=Life expectancy increased by 5 years since 2000, but health inequalities persist |date=19 mai 2016 |éditeur=WHO |url=http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2016/health-inequalities-persist/en/}}</ref>.
 
HALE: Health-adjusted life expectancy (espérance de vievida en bonne santé)<ref>A = years lived healthily<br/>B = years lived with disability<br/>A + B = life expectancy<br/>A + fB = healthy life expectancy, where f is a weighting to reflect disability level.[http://www.healthknowledge.org.uk/e-learning/health-information/population-health-specialists/lifetables-hales-dalys-pylls]</ref>
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center"
les deux sexes
! Espérance de
vievida pour les deux sexes
! rang pour les
femmes
!Espérance de vievida
pour les femmes
!Rang pour
les hommes
!Espérance de vievida
pour les hommes
! (HALE)
 
|-
| align=left| {{flag|JaponXapón}} || 1 || 87.9 || 1 || 90,1 || 1 || 85.4 || 1 || 74.9
|-
| align=left| {{flag|SuisseSuíza}} || 2 || 83.4 || 6 || 85.3 || 6 || 80.5 || 4 || 73.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|SingapourSingapur}} || 3 || 83.1 || 2 || 86.1 || 10 || 80.0 || 2 || 73.9
|-
| align=left| {{flag|AustralieAustralia}} || 4 || 82.8 || 7 || 84.8 || 3 || 80.9 || 15 || 71.9
|-
| align=left| {{flag|EspagneEspaña}} || 5 || 82.8 || 4 || 85.5 || 9 || 80.1 || 9 || 72.4
|-
| align=left| {{flag|IslandeIslandia}} || 6 || 82.7 || 10 || 84.1 || 2 || 81.2 || 7 || 72.7
|-
| align=left| {{flag|ItalieItalia}} || 7 || 82.7 || 7 || 84.8 || 6 || 80.5 || 5 || 72.8
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Israel}} || 8 || 82.5 || 9 || 84.3 || 5 || 80.6 || 5 || 72.8
| align=left| {{flag|Grèce}} || 24 || 81.0 || 20 || 83.6 || 24 || 78.3 || 15 || 71.9
|-
| align=left| {{flag|SlovénieSlovénia}} || 25 || 80.8 || 17 || 83.7 || 28 || 77.9 || 26 || 71.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Danemark}} || 26 || 80.6 || 29 || 82.5 || 22 || 78.6 || 25 || 71.2
| align="left" |{{flag|États-Unis}}|| 25 || 78.1 || 33 || 81.6 || 32 || 76.9 || 36 || 69.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|CroatieCroatia}} || 36 || 78.0 || 36 || 81.2 || 42 || 74.7 || 33 || 69.4
|-
| align=left| {{flag|AlbanieAlbania}} || 37 || 77.8 || 38 || 80.7 || 39 || 75.1 || 38 || 68.8
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Panama}} || 38 || 77.8 || 37 || 81.1 || 42 || 74.7 || 42 || 68.1
| align=left| {{flag|Brunei}} || 39 || 77.7 || 47 || 79.2 || 36 || 76.3 || 29 || 70.4
|-
| align=left| {{flag|EstonieEstonia}} || 40 || 77.6 || 31 || 82.0 || 65 || 72.7 || 37 || 68.9
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Pologne}} || 41 || 77.5 || 35 || 81.3 || 52 || 73.6 || 39 || 68.7
|-
| align=left| {{flag|BosnieBosnia-Herzégovine}} || 42 || 77.4 || 45 || 79.7 || 40 || 75.0 || 40 || 68.6
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Émirats arabes unis}} || 43 || 77.1 || 57 || 78.6 || 35 || 76.4 || 44 || 67.9
| align=left| {{flag|Mexique}} || 46 || 76.7 || 46 || 79.5 || 48 || 73.9 || 52 || 67.4
|-
| align=left| {{flag|SlovaquieSlovaquia}} || 46 || 76.7 || 41 || 80.2 || 62 || 72.9 || 42 || 68.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Oman}} || 47 || 76.6 || 47 || 79.2 || 40 || 75.0 || 63 || 66.7
| align=left| {{flag|Vietnam}} || 55 || 76.0 || 38 || 80.7 || 81 || 71.3 || 65 || 66.6
|-
| align=left| {{flag|HongrieHongria}} || 56 || 75.9 || 50 || 79.1 || 71 || 72.3 || 52 || 67.4
|-
| align=left| {{flag|TurquieTurquia}} || 57 || 75.8 || 54 || 78.9 || 68 || 72.6 || 73 || 66.2
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Macédoine}} || 58 || 75.7 || 76 || 77.8 || 53 || 73.5 || 50 || 67.5
|-
| align=left| {{flag|AlgérieAlgéria}} || 59 || 75.6 || 81 || 77.5 || 50 || 73.8 || 75 || 66.0
|-
| align=left| {{flag|SerbieSerbia}} || 60 || 75.6 || 61 || 78.4 || 62 || 72.9 || 47 || 67.7
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Iran}} || 61 || 75.5 || 86 || 76.6 || 45 || 74.5 || 65 || 66.6
| align=left| {{flag|Barbade}} || 63 || 75.5 || 71 || 77.9 || 59 || 73.1 || 65 || 66.6
|-
| align=left| {{flag|TunisieTunisia}} || 64 || 75.3 || 76 || 77.8 || 61 || 73.0 || 63 || 66.7
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Sainte-LucieLucia}} || 65 || 75.2 || 71 || 77.9 || 68 || 72.6 || 74 || 66.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|MalaisieMalaisia}} || 66 || 75.0 || 83 || 77.3 || 65 || 72.7 || 70 || 66.5
|-
| align=left| {{flag|RoumanieRoumania}} || 67 || 75.0 || 55 || 78.8 || 78 || 71.4 || 59 || 66.8
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Brésil}} || 68 || 75.0 || 56 || 78.7 || 78 || 71.4 || 81 || 65.5
| align=left| {{flag|Sri Lanka}} || 71 || 74.9 || 63 || 78.3 || 75 || 71.6 || 55 || 67.0
|-
| align=left| {{flag|ArménieArménia}} || 72 || 74.8 || 79 || 77.7 || 75 || 71.6 || 59 || 66.8
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Nicaragua}} || 73 || 74.8 || 71 || 77.9 || 77 || 71.5 || 103 || 63.7
|-
| align=left| {{flag|ColombieColombia}} || 74 || 74.8 || 61 || 78.4 || 84 || 71.2 || 85 || 65.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Koweït}} || 75 || 74.7 || 93 || 76.0 || 51 || 73.7 || 78 || 65.8
| align=left| {{flag|Île Maurice}} || 77 || 74.6 || 76 || 77.8 || 78 || 71.4 || 59 || 66.8
|-
| align=left| {{flag|LettonieLettonia}} || 78 || 74.6 || 47 || 79.2 || 95 || 69.6 || 54 || 67.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|ArabieArabia saoudite}} || 79 || 74.5 || 93 || 76.0 || 58 || 73.2 || 96 || 64.5
|-
| align=left| {{flag|BulgarieBulgaria}} || 80 || 74.5 || 66 || 78.0 || 86 || 71.1 || 72 || 66.4
|-
| align=left| {{flag|GéorgieGéorgia}} || 81 || 74.4 || 63 || 78.3 || 91 || 70.3 || 70 || 66.5
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Maroc}} || 82 || 74.3 || 99 || 75.4 || 56 || 73.3 || 90 || 64.9
|-
| align=left| {{flag|JordanieJordania}} || 83 || 74.1 || 96 || 75.9 || 70 || 72.5 || 88 || 65.0
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Venezuela}} || 84 || 74.1 || 60 || 78.5 || 94 || 70.0 || 83 || 65.2
| align=left| {{flag|Grenade}} || 88 || 73.6 || 91 || 76.1 || 84 || 71.2 || 88 || 65.0
|-
| align=left| {{flag|LituanieLituania}} || 89 || 73.6 || 50 || 79.1 || 104 || 68.1 || 75 || 66.0
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Tonga}} || 90 || 73.5 || 88 || 76.4 || 89 || 70.6 || 75 || 66.0
| align=left| {{flag|Belarus}} || 97 || 72.3 || 66 || 78.0 || 119 || 66.5 || 85 || 65.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|MoldavieMoldavia}} || 98 || 72.1 || 90 || 76.2 || 106 || 67.9 || 92 || 64.8
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Vanuatu}} || 99 || 72.0 || 107 || 74.0 || 92 || 70.1 || 94 || 64.6
| align=left| {{flag|Égypte}} || 106 || 70.9 || 111 || 73.2 || 99 || 68.8 || 113 || 62.2
|-
| align=left| {{flag|BolivieBolivia}} || 107 || 70.7 || 110 || 73.3 || 103 || 68.2 || 113 || 62.2
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Corée du Nord}} || 108 || 70.6 || 107 || 74.0 || 113 || 67.0 || 100 || 64.0
|-
| align=left| {{flag|RussieRussia}} || 109 || 70.5 || 89 || 76.3 || 127 || 64.7 || 104 || 63.3
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Kazakhstan}} || 110 || 70.2 || 105 || 74.7 || 123 || 65.7 || 104 || 63.3
| align=left| {{flag|Tadjikistan}} || 114 || 69.7 || 109 || 73.6 || 116 || 66.6 || 116 || 62.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|MicronésieMicronésia}} || 115 || 69.4 || 124 || 70.6 || 104 || 68.1 || 109 || 62.5
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Ouzbékistan}} || 116 || 69.4 || 116 || 72.7 || 122 || 66.1 || 110 || 62.4
| align=left| {{flag|Nepal}} || 118 || 69.2 || 121 || 70.8 || 109 || 67.7 || 121 || 61.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|IndonésieIndonésia}} || 119 || 69.1 || 119 || 71.2 || 112 || 67.1 || 113 || 62.2
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Irak}} || 120 || 68.9 || 118 || 71.8 || 121 || 66.2 || 124 || 60.0
|-
| align=left| {{flag|MongolieMongolia}} || 121 || 68.8 || 111 || 73.2 || 127 || 64.7 || 119 || 62.0
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Cambodge}} || 122 || 68.7 || 123 || 70.7 || 116 || 66.6 || 130 || 58.9
| align=left| {{flag|Gabon}} || 134 || 66.0 || 138 || 67.2 || 127 || 64.7 || 137 || 57.2
|-
| align=left| {{flag|NamibieNamibia}} || 135 || 65.8 || 135 || 68.3 || 139 || 63.1 || 136 || 57.5
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Yémen}} || 136 || 65.7 || 138 || 67.2 || 132 || 64.3 || 135 || 57.7
| align=left| {{flag|Madagascar}} || 139 || 65.5 || 141 || 67.0 || 134 || 63.9 || 138 || 56.9
|-
| align=left| {{flag|ÉthiopieÉthiopia}} || 140 || 64.8 || 143 || 66.8 || 140 || 62.8 || 143 || 56.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Congo}} || 141 || 64.7 || 144 || 66.3 || 138 || 63.2 || 140 || 56.6
| align=left| {{flag|Érythrée}} || 142 || 64.7 || 141 || 67.0 || 141 || 62.4 || 145 || 55.9
|-
| align=left| {{flag|SyrieSyria}} || 143 || 64.5 || 128 || 69.9 || 154 || 59.9 || 143 || 56.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Soudan}} || 144 || 64.1 || 146 || 65.9 || 141 || 62.4 || 145 || 55.9
| align=left| {{flag|Kenya}} || 148 || 63.4 || 147 || 65.8 || 148 || 61.1 || 149 || 55.6
|-
| align=left| {{flag|MauritanieMauritania}} || 149 || 63.1 || 153 || 64.6 || 146 || 61.6 || 152 || 55.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|PapouasiePapouasia-Nouvelle-Guinée}} || 150 || 62.9 || 149 || 65.4 || 152 || 60.6 || 142 || 56.4
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Afrique du Sud}} || 151 || 62.9 || 145 || 66.2 || 158 || 59.3 || 153 || 54.5
| align=left| {{flag|Niger}} || 154 || 61.8 || 158 || 62.8 || 150 || 60.9 || 154 || 54.2
|-
| align=left| {{flag|TanzanieTanzania}} || 155 || 61.8 || 156 || 63.8 || 154 || 59.9 || 155 || 54.1
|-
| align=left| {{flag|ZambieZambia}} || 156 || 61.8 || 152 || 64.7 || 161 || 59.0 || 158 || 53.6
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Liberia}} || 157 || 61.4 || 157 || 62.9 || 156 || 59.8 || 160 || 52.7
|-
| align=left| {{flag|GambieGambia}} || 158 || 61.1 || 159 || 62.5 || 156 || 59.8 || 157 || 53.8
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Zimbabwe}} || 159 || 60.7 || 160 || 62.3 || 161 || 59.0 || 163 || 52.3
| align=left| {{flag|Cameroun}} || 174 || 57.3 || 173 || 58.6 || 174 || 55.9 || 173 || 50.3
|-
| align=left| {{flag|SomalieSomalia}} || 175 || 55.0 || 176 || 56.6 || 176 || 53.5 || 176 || 47.8
|-
| align=left| {{flag|Nigeria}} || 176 || 54.5 || 177 || 55.6 || 177 || 53.4 || 177 || 47.7
{| class="wikitable sortable"
|- style="background:#ececec; vertical-align:top;"
! <br/>rang <ref>{{lien web|url=http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.688?lang=en |titre=WHO Life expectancy | périodique=WHO | consulté le=1 juin 2013}}</ref>!! Pays !! Espérance de vievida <br/>globale !! Masculine !! Féminine
|-
| 1 || {{Monaco}} ||87.15|| 85.3 || 89
|-
| 2 || {{JaponXapón}} || 85.25 || 83.7 || 87.3
|-
| 3 || {{Andorre}} || 84.2 || 80.8 || 87.6
|-
| 4 || {{SingapourSingapur}} || 84 || 82 || 87
|-
| 5 || {{Hong Kong}} ({{Chine}})|| 83.8 || 82 || 85.6
| 6 || {{Saint-Marin}} || 83.5 || 82 || 85
|-
| 7 || {{IslandeIslandia}} || 83.3 || 81.4 || 85.2
|-
| 8 || {{ItalieItalia}} || 83.1 || 80.4 || 85.8
|-
| 9 || {{Suède}} || 83 || 81.4 || 84.6
|-
| 10 || {{AustralieAustralia}} || 83 || 80.5 || 85.5
|-
| 11|| {{SuisseSuíza}} || 82.8 || 80.4 || 85.4
|-
| 12 || {{Canada}} || 82.5 || 80.4 || 84.6
| 13 || {{France}} || 82.4 || 79.4 || 85.4
|-
| 14 || {{EspagneEspaña}} || 82.3 || 79.5 || 85
|-
| 15 || {{Israel}} || 82.1 || 80.2 || 84
| 32 || {{Portugal}} || 80 || 76.9 || 82.8
|-
| 33 || {{SlovénieSlovénia}} || 80 || 77 || 83
|-
| 34 || {{Costa Rica}} || 79.8 || 78.3 || 81.3
| 46 || {{Pologne}} || 77.5 || 73.5 || 81.5
|-
| 47 || {{CroatieCroatia}} || 77.5 || 74.5 || 80.5
|-
| 48 || {{République dominicaine}} || 77.5 || 75 || 80
| 53 || {{Belize}} || 76.9 || 74.4 || 79.4
|-
| 54 || {{SlovaquieSlovaquia}} || 76.8 || 73.4 || 80.2
|-
| 55 || {{Bahamas}} || 76.5 || 73.5 || 79.5
| 57 || {{Brésil}} || 76.2 || 72.6 || 79.8
|-
| 58 || {{EstonieEstonia}} || 76.1 || 71 || 81.2
|-
| 59 || {{Équateur}} || 76 || 73 || 79
| 62 || {{Oman}} || 76 || 73 || 79
|-
| 63 || {{BosnieBosnia-Herzégovine}} || 76 || 74 || 78
|-
| 64 || {{Chine}} || 76 || 74 || 77
|-
| 65 || {{LituanieLituania}} || 75.9 || 70.8 || 81
|-
| 66 || {{Antigua-et-Barbuda}} || 75.8 || 74.4 || 77.2
|-
| 67 || {{MalaisieMalaisia}} || 75.7 || 72.2 || 79.2
|-
| 68 || {{Sainte-Lucie}} || 75.5 || 71.5 || 79.5
|-
|84
|{{TurquieTurquia}}
|74.6
|72.3
|77
|-
|85|| {{JordanieJordania}} || 74.6 || 72.4 || 76.8
|-
|86|| {{ColombieColombia}} || 74.6 || 72.4 || 76.8
|-
|87|| {{Tonga}} || 74.5 || 73 || 76
|88|| {{Cap-Vert}} || 74.5 || 70.6 || 78.4
|-
|89|| {{LettonieLettonia}} || 74.5 || 69.5 || 78.5
|-
|90|| {{Nicaragua}} || 74.5 || 71.5 || 77.5
|91|| {{Libye}} || 74.5 || 71 || 78
|-
|92|| {{GéorgieGéorgia}} || 74.5 || 70.2 || 78.8
|-
|93|| {{TunisieTunisia}} || 74.5 || 72.5 || 76.5
|-
|94|| {{Monténégro}} || 74.5 || 71.5 || 77.5
|-
|95|| {{BulgarieBulgaria}} || 74.5 || 71 || 78
|-
|96|| {{Suriname}} || 74.5 || 72 || 77
|-
|97|| {{ArménieArménia}} || 74.4 || 70.6 || 78.2
|-
|98|| {{ArabieArabia saoudite}} || 74.3 || 72.4 || 76.2
|-
|99|| {{Samoa}} || 74 || 71 || 77
|100|| {{Palaos}} || 74 || 70 || 78
|-
|101|| {{RoumanieRoumania}} || 74 || 70 || 78
|-
| 102 || {{Honduras}} || 74 || 72 || 76
|-
| 103 || {{AlbanieAlbania}} || 74 || 72 || 76
|-
| 104 || {{SerbieSerbia}} || 74 || 71 || 77
|-
| 105 || {{Jamaïque}} || 74.8 || 71.5 || 78.2
| 107 || {{Îles Marshall}} || 73.5 || 69 || 75
|-
| 108 || {{AlgérieAlgéria}} || 73.3 || 71.8 || 74.8 <ref>77 ans selon l'Office algérien des statistiques http://www.aps.dz/algerie/3757-situation-d%C3%A9mographique-en-alg%C3%A9rie-l-esp%C3%A9rance-de-vie-est-pass%C3%A9e-%C3%A0-77-ans-ons</ref>
|-
| 109 || {{Égypte}} || 73.2 || 71.2 || 75.2
| 115 || {{Maroc}} || 73 || 71 || 75
|-
| 116 || {{BiélorussieBiélorussia}} || 72.5 || 68.5 || 77.5
|-
| 117 || {{IndonésieIndonésia}} || 72 || 68 || 76
|-
| 118 || {{Sao Tomé-et-Principe}} || 72 || 68 || 76
| 122 || {{Ukraine}} || 71 || 65.5 || 76.5
|-
| 123 || {{MoldavieMoldavia}} || 71 || 67 || 75
|-
| 124 || {{RussieRussia}} || 70.5 || 65 || 76.3
|-
| 125 || {{Bhoutan}} || 70.8 || 69.2 || 72.4
| 126 || {{Guyana}} || 70.5 || 67.5 || 73.5
|-
| 127 || {{MicronésieMicronésia}} || 70 || 68 || 72
|-
| 128 || {{Bangladesh}} || 70 || 69.5 || 70.5
| 132 || {{Népal}} || 69 || 68 || 70
|-
| 133 || {{MongolieMongolia}} || 69 || 65 || 73
|-
| 134 || {{BolivieBolivia}} || 69 || 67 || 71
|-
| 135 || {{Ouzbékistan}} || 68.5 || 66 || 71
| 141 || {{Tadjikistan}} || 68 || 67 || 69
|-
| 142 || {{PapouasiePapouasia-Nouvelle-Guinée}} || 67.5 || 65 || 69
|-
| 143 || {{NamibieNamibia}} || 67.2 || 66.2 || 68.2
|-
| 144 || {{Pakistan}} || 67 || 66 || 68
|161|| {{Djibouti}} || 61 || 59 || 64
|-
|162|| {{ÉthiopieÉthiopia}} || 60.5 || 59 || 62
|-
|163|| {{Kenya}} || 60 || 59 || 61
|165|| {{Afghanistan}} || 60 || 59 || 61
|-
|166|| {{MauritanieMauritania}} || 59.5 || 57 || 61
|-
|167|| {{Libéria}} || 59 || 58 || 60
|-
|168|| {{TanzanieTanzania}} || 59 || 58 || 61
|-
|169|| {{Bénin}} || 59 || 58 || 60
|-
|170|| {{GambieGambia}} || 59 || 57.5 || 60.5
|-
|171|| {{Malawi}} || 58 || 57.5 || 58.5
|177|| {{Niger}} || 56 || 55 || 57
|-
|178|| {{ZambieZambia}} || 55
|| 54 || 56
|-
|190|| {{Swaziland}} || 50 || 49 || 51
|-
|191|| {{SomalieSomalia}} || 50 || 48 || 52
|-
|192|| {{République démocratique du Congo}} || 49.5 || 48 || 51
 
=== Projections ===
Certaines études prospectives cherchent à estimer l'espérance de vievida à la naissance dans le futur. Ainsi, une étude scientifique publiée dans ''The Lancet'' prévoit une augmentation de l'espérance de vievida dans la plupart des pays d'ici 2030, avec toutefois des réserves concernant les États-Unis<ref>{{Lien web |langue=fr |auteur= |titre=L’espérance de vie dépassera les 90 ans en SuisseSuíza comme dans d’autres pays |url=https://www.letemps.ch/sciences/2017/02/22/lesperance-vie-depassera-90-ans-suisseSuíza-dautres-pays |date=22 février 2017 |site=letemps.ch |consulté le=24 décembre 2017}}</ref>.
 
== Notas ==
52.348

edicións