Diferenzas entre revisións de «Invasión soviética de Afganistán»

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(Recuperando 12 fontes e etiquetando 0 como mortas. #IABot (v2.0beta8))
{{PAK}}<br />
*[[Ficheiro:Flag of the Pakistani Army.svg|20px]] [[Inter-Services Intelligence|ISI]]
{{USA}}<small><ref name='Oily'/><ref name="Brzezinski"/><ref name="Wilson"/><ref>{{Cita web |url=http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/rd/17741.htm |title="Reagan Doctrine, 1985," United States State Department |publisher=State.gov |accessdate=2011-02-20 |archiveurl=httphttps://web.archive.org/web/20070510151200/http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/rd/17741.htm |archivedate=2007-05-10 de maio de 2007 |urlmorta=non }}</ref></small>
*[[Ficheiro:Seal of the Central Intelligence Agency.svg|23px]] [[Central Intelligence Agency|CIA]]
{{GBR}}<ref name="Wilson"/><ref name="gwu.edu">[http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/coldwar/interviews/episode-17/brzezinski2.html Interview with Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski] – (June 13, 1997). Part 2.] Episode 17. Good Guys, Bad Guys. June 13, 1997.</ref><ref>{{Cita libro |first=Gordon| last=Corera|title= MI6: Life and Death in the British Secret Service |year=2011 |publisher=Phoenix |location=London |ISBN=978-0753828335}}</ref>
|comandante2 = [[Ficheiro:Flag of Jihad.svg|20px]] [[Ahmad Shah Massoud]]<br />[[Ficheiro:Flag of Jihad.svg|20px]] [[Abdul Haq (Afghan leader)|Abdul Haq]]<br />[[Ficheiro:Flag of Jihad.svg|20px]] [[Abdullah Azzam]]<br /> [[Ficheiro:Flag of Jihad.svg|20px]] [[Ismail Khan]]<br />[[Ficheiro:Flag of Jihad.svg|20px]] [[Gulbuddin Hekmatyar]]<br />[[Ficheiro:Flag of Jihad.svg|20px]] [[Jalaluddin Haqqani]]<br />[[Ficheiro:Flag of Jihad.svg|20px]] [[Mullah Naqib]]<br />[[Ficheiro:Flag of Jihad.svg|20px]] [[Abdul Rahim Wardak]]<br />[[Ficheiro:Flag of Jihad.svg|20px]] [[Fazal Haq Mujahid]]<br />[[Ficheiro:Flag of Jihad.svg|20px]] [[Burhanuddin Rabbani]]<br />[[Ficheiro:Flag of Jihad.svg|20px]] [[Osama bin Laden]] <br /> [[Ficheiro:Flag of the Pakistani Army.svg|20px]] [[Xeneral Zia-ul-Haq]]<br /> [[Ficheiro:Flag of the Pakistani Army.svg|20px]] [[Akhtar Abdur Rahman]]
|soldados1 = '''[[Forzas Armadas da Unión Soviética|Forzas soviéticas]]:'''
*115.000<ref name="Nyrop1986">{{Cita libro |title=Afghanistan: A Country Study |last=Nyrop |first=Richard F. |autor2=Donald M. Seekins |year=January 1986 |publisher=United States Government Printing Office |location=Washington, DC |isbn= |pages=XVIII–XXV |url=http://www.gl.iit.edu/govdocs/afghanistan/Afghanistan-Chapter1.pdf |dataacceso=03 de febreiro de 2013 |urlarquivo=https://web.archive.org/web/20011103033024/http://www.gl.iit.edu/govdocs/afghanistan/Afghanistan-Chapter1.pdf |dataarquivo=03 de novembro de 2001 |urlmorta=si }}</ref>
'''[[Exército de Afganistán|Forzas afgás]]:'''
*55.000<ref>{{Cita web|author=Mark N. Katz |url=http://www.mepc.org/articles-commentary/commentary/lessons-soviet-withdrawal-afghanistan |title=Middle East Policy Council &#124; Lessons of the Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan |publisher=Mepc.org |date=9 de marzo de 2011 |accessdate=18 de xullo de 2011}}</ref>
|soldados2 ='''Muxahidíns:'''
 
200.000–250.000<ref>{{Cita web |author=Maxime Rischard |url=http://www.global-politics.co.uk/issue6/Stahl/ |title=Al Qa'ida's American Connection |publisher=Global-Politics.co.uk |accessdate=28 de xullo de 2011 |urlarquivo=https://web.archive.org/web/20111121131224/http://www.global-politics.co.uk/issue6/Stahl/ |dataarquivo=21 de novembro de 2011 |urlmorta=si }}</ref><ref>{{Cita web|url=http://translate.google.no/translate?js=n&prev=_t&hl=no&ie=UTF-8&layout=2&eotf=1&sl=no&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fvgd.no%2Fsamfunn%2Fhistorie%2Ftema%2F1582171%2Ftittel%2Fafghanistan-sovjet-eller-usa-sterkeste%2Finnlegg%2F28408954%2F&act=url |title=Soviet or the USA the strongest |publisher=Translate.google.no |accessdate=28 de xullo de 2011}}</ref><ref>{{Cita web|url=http://www.armytimes.com/news/2010/11/ap-afghanistan-milestone-112610/ |title=Afghanistan hits Soviet milestone – Army News |publisher=Armytimes.com |accessdate=15 de febreiro de 2012}}</ref>
|baixas1 = '''Forzas soviéticas:'''
 
14.453 asasinados (en total)
*9.500 asasinados en combat<ref name="vfw.org">{{Cita web |url=http://waybackwww.vfw.org/resources/levelxmagazine/0203_Soviet-Afghan%20War.pdf |título={title} |data-acceso=18 de xullo de 2006 |urlarquivo=https://web.archive.org/web/20060718225045/http://www.vfw.org/resources/levelxmagazine/0203_Soviet-Afghan%20War.pdf |dataarquivo=18 de xullo de 2006 |urlmorta=si }}</ref>
*4.000 mortos por feridas<ref name="vfw.org"/>
*1.000 mortos por enfermidades ou accidentes<ref name="vfw.org"/>
'''Forzas afgás:'''
 
18.000 asasinados<ref>{{Cita libro |url=http://books.google.es/books?id=k86jifnA3oYC&pg=PA5&dq=osprey+russia+afghanistan&hl=es&ei=Ur2KTPWAFJCbOPqxrYgL&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=book-thumbnail&resnum=6&ved=0CE4Q6wEwBQ#v=onepage&q&f=false |title=Russia's War in Afghanistan – David C. Isby, David Isby – Google Libros |publisher=Books.google.es |accessdate=15 de febreiro de 2012 |urlarquivo=https://web.archive.org/web/20110905161118/http://books.google.es/books?id=k86jifnA3oYC&pg=PA5&dq=osprey+russia+afghanistan&hl=es&ei=Ur2KTPWAFJCbOPqxrYgL&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=book-thumbnail&resnum=6&ved=0CE4Q6wEwBQ#v=onepage&q&f=false |dataarquivo=05 de setembro de 2011 |urlmorta=si }}</ref>
|baixas2 = '''Muxahidíns:'''
75.000–90.000 asasinados, +75.000 feridos (estimación)<ref>{{Cita libro |url=http://books.google.es/books?id=Hz5NzJtg48kC&pg=PA115&dq=soviet+afghan+war+safronov&hl=es&ei=83SJTMybMZ6TOPGQ6MAO&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CDkQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=soviet%20afghan%20war%20safronov&f=false |title=War, politics and society in Afghanistan, 1978–1992 |author=Antonio Giustozzi |publisher=Hurst |year=2000|isbn=1-85065-396-8 |quote=A tentative estimate for total mujahideen losses in 1980-02 may be in the 150–180,000 range, with maybe half of them killed.}}</ref>
* [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/september-11-attacks/8740536/911-anniversary-Afghan-militants-trained-in-a-barn-in-rural-Sussex.html# ''Militares afgás adestrando nunha granxa rural en Sussex''] {{en}}
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/2001/soviet-afghan_compound-warfare.htm "Compound War Case Study: Os soviéticos e Afganistán"] {{en}}
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20130515025611/http://repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/552516 Video da ocupación soviética de Afganistán] dos [httphttps://web.archive.org/web/20160115205405/https://repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/552494 Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives] {{en}}
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20121215044809/http://repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/552642 Soviets and the Gulf War] dos [https://web.archive.org/web/20120312181034/http://repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/552494/browse?type=title Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives] {{en}}
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=RUSNyMH1aFQC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_v2_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q=&f=false J.Bruce Amstutz ''Afganistán – os cinco primeiros anos de ocupación''' (1986)] {{en}}
* [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html CIA Factbook en Afganistán] {{en}}
* [http://www.artofwar.ru/ The Art of War project], dedicado aos soldados que participaron nas guerras recentes, comezando polos veteranos da guerra afgá {{ru}}
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20120110045928/http://www.afghan-web.com/history/articles/ussr.html O papel de Afganistán na caída da Unión Soviética] de Rameen Moshref {{en}}
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20081011202541/http://www.museo-militar-empire.es/ Museo Empire de Historia Militar – Imaxes do conflito.] {{es}}
* [http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/37/a37r037.htm Resolución da ONU A/RES/37/37 sobre a intervención en Afganistán]
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20070926015902/http://www.wilsoncenter.org/topics/pubs/WP51_Web_Final.pdf Descrición detallada do Golpe de Kabul de 1979] {{en}}
* [http://www.wilsoncenter.org/topics/pubs/e-dossier_4.pdf Fontes primarias sobre a invasión recompiladas polo Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars] {{en}}
 
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