Diferenzas entre revisións de «Mesalina»

 
== Reputación ==
[[Ficheiro:MessalineLisisca.jpg|miniatura|esquerda|Mesalina traballando nun burdel, de Agostino Carracci, finais do século XVI.]]
Co seu ascenso ó poder, Messalina entra na historia cunha reputación de ser desapiadada, depredadora e sexualmente insaciable. O seu esposo é representado como doadamente conducido por ela e inconsciente dos seus moitos adulterios. No ano [[48]], el marchou de viaxe e foi informado cando regresou que Mesalina chegara a casar co seu último amante, o senador [[Caio Silio (cónsul designado)|Caio Silio]]. Malia que moitos a tería condenado a morte, o emperador ofreceulle outra oportunidade. Ó ver iso como unha debilidade, un dos seus principais oficiais argallou de costas ó emperador e ordenou a morte de Mesalina. Ó escoitar as novas, o emperador non reaccionou e sinxelamente pediu outro cálice de viño. TheDespois Roman, Senateo then[[senado orderedromano]] aordenou unha [[damnatio memoriae]] so that Messalina'spara nameque wouldo benome removedde fromMesalina allfose publicborrado andde privatetódolos placeslugares andpúblicos alle statuesprivados ofe hertódalas wouldsúas beestatuas takenfosen downderrubadas.
 
[[File:MessalineLisisca.jpg|thumb|left|upright=1.1|Messalina working in a brothel: etching by Agostino Carracci, late 16th century]]
The historians who relay such stories, principally [[Tacitus]] and [[Suetonius]], wrote some 70 years after the events in an environment hostile to the imperial line to which Messalina had belonged. Suetonius’ history is largely scandal-mongering. Tacitus claims to be transmitting ‘what was heard and written by my elders’ without naming sources other than the memoirs of [[Agrippina the Younger]], who had arranged to displace Messalina’s children in the imperial succession and was therefore particularly interested in blackening her predecessor’s name.<ref>K.A.Hosack, “Can One Believe the Ancient Sources That Describe Messalina?“, ''Constructing the Past'' 12.1, 2011]</ref> It has been argued that what passes for history is largely a result of the political sanctions that followed her death.<ref>Harriet I. Flower, ''The Art of Forgetting: Disgrace and Oblivion in Roman Political Culture'', University of North Carolina 2011, [https://books.google.com/books?id=JSccdOtgTboC&lpg=PA42-IA3&ots=o4NqY5e0aB&dq=%22The%20sanctions%20against%20the%20memory%20of%20valeria%20messalina%22&pg=PA42-IA3#v=onepage&q=%22The%20sanctions%20against%20the%20memory%20of%20valeria%20messalina%22&f=false pp 182-9]</ref>
 
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