Diferenzas entre revisións de «Emú»

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{{Taxobox
| name = Emú común
| fossil_range = [[Mioceno]] – presente<ref>{{citecita journalpublicación periódica | last1apelido1 = Patterson | first1nome1 = C. | last2apelido2 = Rich | first2nome2 = Patricia Vickers | yearano = 1987 | titletítulo = The fossil history of the emus, ''Dromaius'' (Aves: Dromaiinae)| journalpublicación = Records of the South Australian Museum | volume = 21| pagespáxinas = 85–117 | url=http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40781397 }}</ref>
| status = LC
| status_system = IUCN3iucn3.1
| status_ref = <ref name=IUCN>{{IUCN|id=22678117 |title=''Dromaius novaehollandiae'' |assessor=BirdLife International |assessor-link=BirdLife International |version=2013.2 |year=2012 |accessdate=14 July 2015}}</ref>
| image = Emu-wild.jpg
| image_width = 250px
| image_caption = Emú común.
| genus = Dromaius
| species = novaehollandiae
| authority = ([[John Latham (ornithologistornitólogo)|Latham]], 1790)<ref name="Davies">{{citecita encyclopediaenciclopedia |lastapelido=Davies |firstnome=S.J.J.F.|editor=Hutchins, Michael |encyclopediaenciclopedia=Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia |titletítulo=Emus |editionedición=2nd |yearano=2003 |publishereditor=Gale Group |volume=8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins |locationlocalización=Farmington Hills, Michigan|isbn=0-7876-5784-0 |pagespáxinas= 83–87}}</ref>
| subdivision_ranks = [[Subespecie]]s
| subdivision =
*''D. n. novaehollandiae'' <small>([[John Latham (ornithologistornitólogo)|Latham]], 1790)<ref name="tax" /></small>
*''D. n. woodwardi'' <small>([[Gregory Mathews|Mathews]], 1912) (disputed)<ref name=ag>{{citecita web|url=http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/Dromaius_novaehollandiae/names |titletítulo=Names List for ''Dromaius novaehollandiae'' (Latham, 1790) |publishereditor=Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts|accessdatedataacceso=14 Julyde xullo de 2015}}</ref></small>
*†''[[D. n. diemenensis]]'' <small>[[Le Souef]], 1907<ref name="tax">{{citecita web|url=http://sn2000.taxonomy.nl/Main/Index/Genus/..%5C..%5CClassification%5C51276.htm |titletítulo=Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, ''Dromaius novaehollandiae'' |accessdatedataacceso=14 Julyde xullo de 2015 |lastapelido=Brands |firstnome=Sheila |datedata=14 Augustde agosto de 2008 |workeditor=Project: The Taxonomicon |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160310083201/http://sn2000.taxonomy.nl/main/classification/51276.htm |archivedate=10 Marchde 2016marzo |df=dmyde 2016}}</ref></small>
*†''[[D. n. minor]]'' <small>[[Walter Baldwin Spencer|Spencer]], 1906</small>
| synonyms = {{collapsible list|bullets = true|title=<small>Lista</small>
}}
| range_map = Dromaius novaehollandiae map distribution 2.svg
| range_map_width = 250px
| range_map_caption = TheO emuemú inhabitshabita thenas pinkáreas areas.de cor
}}
TheO '''emuemú común''' (''Dromaius novaehollandiae'') isé thesegunda second-largestmeirande livingave bird by heightexistente, afterdespois itsda [[ratiteavestruz]]. relative, theÉ [[ostrichEndemismo|endémica]]. It isde [[Endemism|endemicAustralia]], toonde Australiaé wherea itmeirande isave thenativa largeste nativeo birdúnico andmembro theexistente onlydo [[Extantxénero taxon(bioloxía)|extant]] member of the [[genusxénero]] ''[[Dromaius]]''. TheA emu'sárea de distribución rangedo coversemú mostabrangue ofcase mainlandtoda Australia, but the [[Tasmanian emu]] and [[King Island emu]] subspecies became extinct after the [[History of Australia (1788–1850)|European settlement of Australia]] in 1788. The bird is sufficiently common for it to be rated as a [[least-concern species]] by the [[International Union for Conservation of Nature]].
 
The '''emu''' (''Dromaius novaehollandiae'') is the second-largest living bird by height, after its [[ratite]] relative, the [[ostrich]]. It is [[Endemism|endemic]] to Australia where it is the largest native bird and the only [[Extant taxon|extant]] member of the [[genus]] ''[[Dromaius]]''. The emu's range covers most of mainland Australia, but the [[Tasmanian emu]] and [[King Island emu]] subspecies became extinct after the [[History of Australia (1788–1850)|European settlement of Australia]] in 1788. The bird is sufficiently common for it to be rated as a [[least-concern species]] by the [[International Union for Conservation of Nature]].
 
Emus are soft-feathered, brown, [[flightless bird]]s with long necks and legs, and can reach up to {{convert|1.9|m|ft}} in height. Emus can travel great distances, and when necessary can sprint at {{convert|50|km/h|mph|abbr=on}}; they forage for a variety of plants and insects, but have been known to go for weeks without eating. They drink infrequently, but take in copious amounts of water when the opportunity arises.
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