Diferenzas entre revisións de «Pobo casaco»

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{{Pobo
|grupo = Casacos
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Os '''casacos''' (en {{lang-kk|Қазақ}}, {{lang|kk-Arab|قازاق}} {{Audio-IPA|Kk-kazakh.ogg|qɑzɑ́q}}, {{lang|kk|Қазақтар}}, {{lang|kk-Arab|قازاقتار}} {{Audio-IPA|Kk-kazakhs.ogg|qɑzɑqtɑ́r}}; the English name is [[transliteration|transliterated]] from Russian) areé aun [[Turkicpobos peoplestúrquicos|Turkicpobo peopletúrquico]] whoque mainlyhabita inhabitna theparte southernsur partde ofEuropa EasternOriental, Europenos [[UralMontes mountainsUrais]] ande northernnas partspartes ofnorte de [[Central Asia Central]] (largelyprincipalmente [[KazakhstanCasaquistán]], butpero alsotamén founden inpartes parts ofde [[UzbekistanUzbequistán]], [[República Popular da China]], [[RussiaRusia]] ande [[Mongolia]]),. theA regionidentidade alsocasaca knowné asde Eurasian sub-continent. Kazakh identity is oforixe medieval origine andestá wasfortemente stronglyconstruída shaped bya thepartir foundationda offundación thedo [[KazakhKhanato KhanateCasaco]] betweenentre 1456 ande 1465, whencando severalvarias tribestribos underbaixo theo rulegoberno ofdos the sultanssultáns [[Zhanibek Khan|Zhanibek]] ande [[Kerey Khan|Kerey]] departed frommarcharon thedo Khanatekhanato ofde [[Abu'l-Khayr Khan]].
 
TheOs Kazakhscasacos areson descendantsdescendentes ofdos theturcos Turkice andde medievaltribos Mongolmongois medievais tribes&nbsp;– [[Argynsargyn]], [[Dughlatsdughlat]], [[Naimansnaiman]], [[Jalairsjalair]], [[Khazarsxázaros]], [[Qarluqsqarluq]]; and of theos [[KipchaksKipchak]] ande os [[Cumanscumanos]],<ref>{{citecita web |url=http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/318970/Kipchak |titletítulo=Kipchak (people) |workeditor=[[Encyclopædia Britannica]] |datedata= |accessdatedataacceso=5 Februaryde febreiro de 2012 }}</ref><ref>{{citecita publicación journalperiódica |url=http://www.angelfire.com/on/paksoy/ozkaz.html |firstnome=Z. V. |lastapelido=Togan |titletítulo=The Origins of the Kazaks and the Uzbeks |journalpublicación=Central Asian Survey |volume=11 |numbernúmero=3 |datedata=1992 }}</ref> ande otheroutras tribestribos suchcomo as theos [[Hunshunos]], ande ancientantigos Iranianpobos nomadsiranianos likecomo theos [[Sarmatianssármatas]], [[Sakasaka]] ande [[Scythiansescitas]] fromque Eastpoboaban Europe populated theo territoryterritorio betweenentre [[Siberia]] ande theo [[BlackMar SeaNegro]] ande remainedque inquedaron Centralen Asia andCentral Easterncando Europeos whengrupos thenómades nomadicempezaron groupsa startedinvadir toe invadeconquistar anda conquerárea theentre areaos betweenséculos theV 5the and 13th centuries&nbsp;ADXIII.<ref>{{citecita web |url=http://rjgg.org/index.php/RJGG/article/download/116/131 |titletítulo=Archived copy |accessdatedataacceso=16 Februaryde febreiro de 2015 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131109115244/http://rjgg.org/index.php/RJGG/article/download/116/131 |archivedate=9 Novemberde novembro de 2013 }}.</ref><ref>{{citecita web |url=http://www.khazaria.com/genetics/kazakhs.html|titletítulo=Kazakh Genetics — DNA of Turkic people from Kazakhstan and surrounding regions |accessdatedataacceso=18 Marchde marzo de 2015 }}</ref><ref>{{citecita web |url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/kazakhstan/8039830/Kazakhs-striving-to-prove-Genghis-Khan-descent.html |titletítulo=Kazakhs striving to prove Genghis Khan descent |authorautor=Richard Orange |datedata=3 Octoberde outubro de 2010 |workeditor=[[The Daily Telegraph]] |accessdatedataacceso=18 Marchde marzo de 2015 }}</ref><ref>{{citecita publicación journalperiódica |url=http://academicpublishingplatforms.com/downloads/pdfs/mhsj/volume6/201103290607_01_V6_MHSJ_KZ_Berezina_Svyatova_et_al_Genetic_Structure.pdf |titletítulo=The analysis of the genetic structure of the Kazakh population as estimated from mitochondrial DNS polymorphism |first1nome1=Galina |last1apelido1=Berezina |first2nome2=Gulnara |last2apelido2=Svyatova |first3nome3=Zhanar |last3apelido3=Makhmutova |journalpublicación=Medical and Health Science Journal |volume=6 |datedata=2011 |pagespáxinas=2–6 |via=academicpublishingplatforms.com |formatformato=PDF }}</ref>
 
KazakhsOs werecasacos oneforon ofun thedos nationspobos mostque severelymáis affectedseriamente byse theviron afectados pola [[SovietFame faminesoviética ofde 1932–331932-1933]], withmorrendo un 37% ofda thepoboación total population dying.<ref>{{citecita journalpublicación |jstor=41036834periódica |titletítulo=The Collectivization Famine in Kazakhstan, 1931–1933 |firstnome=Niccolò |lastapelido=Pianciola |datedata=1 Januaryde xaneiro de 2001 |publishereditor= |journalpublicación=Harvard Ukrainian Studies |volume=25 |issue=3/4 |pagespáxinas=237–251}}</ref>
 
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