Diferenzas entre revisións de «Pobo casaco»

sen resumo de edición
|poboación7 = 33&nbsp;200<ref name="Kyrgyz">NO 2009 [http://www.stat.kg/stat.files/tematika/демограф/Кыргызстан%20в%20цифрах/демо6.pdf National Statistical Committee of Kyrgyzstan. National Census 2009]</ref>
|lingua = [[Lingua casaca]]
|relixión = Predominantemente [[sunnismo|sunnís]], minoría [[Tengrismo|tengrista]],<ref>{{cita web |url=http://www.china.org.cn/english/features/EthnicGroups/136924.htm |título=The Kazak Ethnic Group |dataacceso=18 de marzo de 2015 }}</ref><ref name="Prerepis2010total"/><ref>[http://www.stat.kz/p_perepis/Documents/%D0%9D%D0%B0%D1%86%20%D1%81%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%B2.rar Kazakhstan population census 2009]</ref><ref name="Everyculture.com">{{cita web |url=http://www.everyculture.com/Russia-Eurasia-China/Kazakhs-Religion-and-Expressive-Culture.html |título=Religion and expressive culture&nbsp;– Kazakhs |editor=Everyculture.com |data= |dataacceso=5 de febreiro de 2012}}</ref><ref>"Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity. Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. August 9, 2012. consultado o 4 de setembro de 2013</ref> e [[cristianismo]]<ref name="2009 Census"/>
|relixión =
|relacionados = [[Pobo kirguiz|Kirguiz]], [[pobo karakalpak|karakalpak]], [[pobo nogai|nogai]]<br/>Outros [[pobos túrquicos]]<br/>[[Pobo mongol|Mongois]]
|relacionados =
}}
{{Contén texto cirílico}}{{Contén texto árabe}}
Os '''casacos''' {{lang-kk|Қазақ}}, {{lang|kk-Arab|قازاق}} {{Audio-IPA|Kk-kazakh.ogg|qɑzɑ́q}}, {{lang|kk|Қазақтар}}, {{lang|kk-Arab|قازاقتار}} {{Audio-IPA|Kk-kazakhs.ogg|qɑzɑqtɑ́r}}; the English name is [[transliteration|transliterated]] from Russian) are a [[Turkic peoples|Turkic people]] who mainly inhabit the southern part of Eastern Europe [[Ural mountains]] and northern parts of [[Central Asia]] (largely [[Kazakhstan]], but also found in parts of [[Uzbekistan]], [[China]], [[Russia]] and [[Mongolia]]), the region also known as Eurasian sub-continent. Kazakh identity is of medieval origin and was strongly shaped by the foundation of the [[Kazakh Khanate]] between 1456 and 1465, when several tribes under the rule of the sultans [[Zhanibek Khan|Zhanibek]] and [[Kerey Khan|Kerey]] departed from the Khanate of [[Abu'l-Khayr Khan]].
Os '''casacos'''
 
The Kazakhs are descendants of the Turkic and medieval Mongol tribes&nbsp;– [[Argyns]], [[Dughlats]], [[Naimans]], [[Jalairs]], [[Khazars]], [[Qarluqs]]; and of the [[Kipchaks]] and [[Cumans]],<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/318970/Kipchak |title=Kipchak (people) |work=[[Encyclopædia Britannica]] |date= |accessdate=5 February 2012 }}</ref><ref>{{cite journal |url=http://www.angelfire.com/on/paksoy/ozkaz.html |first=Z. V. |last=Togan |title=The Origins of the Kazaks and the Uzbeks |journal=Central Asian Survey |volume=11 |number=3 |date=1992 }}</ref> and other tribes such as the [[Huns]], and ancient Iranian nomads like the [[Sarmatians]], [[Saka]] and [[Scythians]] from East Europe populated the territory between [[Siberia]] and the [[Black Sea]] and remained in Central Asia and Eastern Europe when the nomadic groups started to invade and conquer the area between the 5th and 13th centuries&nbsp;AD.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://rjgg.org/index.php/RJGG/article/download/116/131 |title=Archived copy |accessdate=16 February 2015 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131109115244/http://rjgg.org/index.php/RJGG/article/download/116/131 |archivedate=9 November 2013 }}.</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.khazaria.com/genetics/kazakhs.html|title=Kazakh Genetics — DNA of Turkic people from Kazakhstan and surrounding regions |accessdate=18 March 2015 }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/kazakhstan/8039830/Kazakhs-striving-to-prove-Genghis-Khan-descent.html |title=Kazakhs striving to prove Genghis Khan descent |author=Richard Orange |date=3 October 2010 |work=[[The Daily Telegraph]] |accessdate=18 March 2015 }}</ref><ref>{{cite journal |url=http://academicpublishingplatforms.com/downloads/pdfs/mhsj/volume6/201103290607_01_V6_MHSJ_KZ_Berezina_Svyatova_et_al_Genetic_Structure.pdf |title=The analysis of the genetic structure of the Kazakh population as estimated from mitochondrial DNS polymorphism |first1=Galina |last1=Berezina |first2=Gulnara |last2=Svyatova |first3=Zhanar |last3=Makhmutova |journal=Medical and Health Science Journal |volume=6 |date=2011 |pages=2–6 |via=academicpublishingplatforms.com |format=PDF }}</ref>
 
Kazakhs were one of the nations most severely affected by the [[Soviet famine of 1932–33]], with 37% of the total population dying.<ref>{{cite journal |jstor=41036834 |title=The Collectivization Famine in Kazakhstan, 1931–1933 |first=Niccolò |last=Pianciola |date=1 January 2001 |publisher= |journal=Harvard Ukrainian Studies |volume=25 |issue=3/4 |pages=237–251}}</ref>
 
== Notas ==
226.225

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