Diferenzas entre revisións de «Pelaxe»

== Uso como roupa ==
[[Ficheiro:Carl Eielson.jpg|miniatura|O piloto norteamericano e explorados ártico que leva postaposto un abrigo de pel.]]
In clothing, fur is usually leather with the hair retained for its aesthetic and insulating properties. Fur has long served as a source of clothing for hominoids including the [[Neanderthal]]. Animal furs used in garments and trim may be dyed bright colors or to mimic exotic animal patterns, or shorn down to imitate the feel of a soft [[velvet]] fabric. The term "a fur" is often used to refer to a fur coat, wrap, or shawl.
Para o seu uso para vestir, as peles son normalmente coiro que conserva o seu pelo de especies con pelaxe que é moi estético ou que ten propiedades de illamento. As peles servíronlle de vestido a varios [[homínidos]], como o [[home de Neanderthal]]. As peles de animais usadas como adornos e tapicerías poden ser tinguidas con diversas cores ou imitar os debuxos de animais exóticos ou recortadas para imitar a sensación dun tecido de suave [[veludo]].
Usual animal sources for fur clothing and fur trimmed accessories include [[fox]], [[rabbit]], [[mink]], [[beaver]]s, [[ermine]], [[otter]]s, [[sable]], [[pinniped|seals]], [[coyote]]s, [[chinchilla]], [[raccoon]], and [[Phalangeriformes|possum]].
The import and sale of [[Pinniped|seal]] products was banned in the U.S. in 1972 over conservation concerns about Canadian seals. The import and sale is still banned even though the Marine Animal Response Society estimates the harp seal population is thriving at approximately 8 million.<ref>[http://www.marineanimals.ca/species/harp_eng.html "Harp Seal"], Marine Animal Response Society.</ref> The import, export and sales of domesticated cat and [[dog fur]] were also banned in the U.S. under the Dog and Cat Protection Act of 2000.<ref>[http://www.ftc.gov/os/statutes/textile/fedreg/001228-fur.htm Rules and Regulations Under the Fur Products Labeling Act].</ref>
Entre as fontes animais usuais para accesorios para vestir ou para tapicería están os [[raposo]]s, [[coello]]s, [[visón]]s, [[castor]]es, [[armiño]], [[lontra]]s, [[marte cibelina]], [[focas]], [[coiote]]s, [[chinchilla]]s, [[raccoon]], e [[Phalangeriformes|póssums]].
The manufacturing of fur clothing involves obtaining animal pelts where the hair is left on the animal's processed skin. In contrast, making [[leather]] involves removing the hair from the hide or pelt and using only the skin. The use of [[wool]] involves shearing the animal's fleece from the living animal, so that the wool can be regrown but [[sheepskin]] [[shearling]] is made by retaining the fleece to the leather and shearing it.<ref>Australian Wool Corporation, Australian Wool Classing, Raw Wool Services, 1990.</ref> Shearling is used for boots, jackets and coats and is probably the most common type of skin worn.
A fabricación de peles para vestir implica conservar os pelos nas peles procesadas, mentes que na fabricación de [[coiro]] se elimina o pelo da pel, que despois se curte. O uso de [[la]] implica cortar o pelo do animal vivo, que despois lle volve a crecer.<ref>Australian Wool Corporation, Australian Wool Classing, Raw Wool Services, 1990.</ref>
Fur is also used to make [[felt]]. A common felt is made from beaver fur and is used in high-end [[Boss of the plains|cowboy hats]].<ref>Chamber's journal, Published by Orr and Smith, 1952, pg 200, Original from the University of Michigan.</ref>
FurAs ispeles alsotamén usedse tousan makepara facer [[feltfeltro]]. AUn commonfeltro feltde isgran madecalidade fromé beavero furque andse isobtén useddo incastor high-ende [[Bossse ofusa theen plains|cowboynorteamértica hats]]para facer sombreiro de vaqueiro de gran calidade.<ref>Chamber's journal, Published by Orr and Smith, 1952, pg 200, Original from the University of Michigan.</ref>
[[File:Fur redfox.jpg|thumb|[[Red fox]] furs]]
=== Controversia ===
{{Main|Fur farming}} {{Further|Fur trade}}
[[Ficheiro:Fur redfox.jpg|miniatura|Peles de [[raposo vermello]].]]
Most [[animal rights]] activists are opposed to the trapping and killing of wildlife, and the confinement and killing of animals on [[Fur farming|fur farms]]. According to Humane Society International, over 8 million animals are trapped yearly for fur, while more than 30 million were raised in fur farms.<ref>[http://www.hsi.org.au/?catID=68 Humane Society International Fur Trade].</ref>