Diferenzas entre revisións de «Alfabeto hebreo»

 
== Transcripción e transliteración das letras hebreas en galego ==
====Table====
{|class="wikitable"
|-
! rowspan="3" | Symbol
! colspan="3" rowspan="2" | Common Israeli
! colspan="4" | Hebrew Academy
! colspan="3" rowspan="2" | ISO 259
|-
! colspan="2" | 2006
! colspan="2" | 1953
|-
! Name
! Xlit.
! IPA
! Name
! Xlit.
! Name
! Xlit.
! Name
! Xlit.
! IPA
|-
! colspan="11" | Consonants
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Aleph|{{hebrew|א}}]]</span>
| {{unicode|alef}}
| {{unicode|'}}<ref name="note_syl_br" group="note" />
| {{IPA|-}}
| {{unicode|alef}}
| {{unicode|'}}<ref name="note_syl_br" group="note" />
| {{unicode|alef}}
| {{unicode|ʼ}}<ref name="note_init_omit" group="note" />
| {{unicode|ʾālep̄}}
| {{unicode|ʾ}}
| {{IPA|[ʔ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Beth (letter)|{{hebrew|ב}}]]</span>
| {{unicode|vet}}
| {{unicode|v}}
| {{IPA|[v]}}
| {{unicode|vet}}
| {{unicode|v}}
| {{unicode|vet}}
| {{unicode|v}}
| {{unicode|ḇēṯ}}
| {{unicode|ḇ}}
| {{IPA|[v]}}
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|בּ}}</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|bet}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|b}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[b]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|bet}}
| {{unicode|b}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|bet}}
| {{unicode|b}}
| {{unicode|bēṯ}}
| {{unicode|b}}
| {{IPA|[b]}}
|-
| {{unicode|bb}}
| {{unicode|bb}}
| {{unicode|bēṯ ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|bb}}
| {{IPA|[bb]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Gimel|{{hebrew|ג}}]]</span>
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|gimel}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|g}}
| rowspan="3"| {{IPA|[ɡ]}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|gimel}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|g}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|gimel}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|g}}
| {{unicode|ḡīmel}}
| {{unicode|ḡ}}
| {{IPA|[ɣ]}}
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|גּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|gīmel}}
| {{unicode|g}}
| {{IPA|[ɡ]}}
|-
| {{unicode|gg}}
| {{unicode|gg}}
| {{unicode|gīmel ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|gg}}
| {{IPA|[ɡɡ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|ג׳}}</span><ref name="note_loan" group="note" />
| {{unicode|jimel}}
| {{unicode|j}}
| {{IPA|[d͡ʒ]}}
 
! colspan="2"| &nbsp;
| {{unicode|ǧimel}}
| {{unicode|ǧ}}
! colspan="3"| &nbsp;
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Dalet|{{hebrew|ד}}]]</span>
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|dalet}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|d}}
| rowspan="3"| {{IPA|[d]}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|dalet}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|d}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|dalet}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|d}}
| {{unicode|ḏāleṯ}}
| {{unicode|ḏ}}
| {{IPA|[ð]}}
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|דּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|dāleṯ}}
| {{unicode|d}}
| {{IPA|[d]}}
|-
| {{unicode|dd}}
| {{unicode|dd}}
| {{unicode|dāleṯ ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|dd}}
| {{IPA|[dd]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|ד׳}}</span><ref name="note_foreign" group="note" />
| {{unicode|dhalet}}
| {{unicode|dh}}
| {{IPA|[ð]}}
 
! colspan="2"| &nbsp;
| {{unicode|ḏalet}}
| {{unicode|ḏ}}
 
! colspan="3"| &nbsp;
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[He (letter)|{{hebrew|ה}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|hei}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|h}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[h]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|he}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|h}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|he}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|h}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|hē}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|h}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[h]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|הּ}}</span>
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Waw (letter)|{{hebrew|ו}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|vav}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|v (w)}}<ref name="note_w" group="note" />
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[v] ([w])}}<ref name="note_w" group="note" />
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|vav}}
| {{unicode|v}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|waw}}
| {{unicode|w}}
| {{unicode|wāw}}
| {{unicode|w}}
| {{IPA|[v] [(w)]}}<ref name="note_w" group="note" />
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|וּ}}</span><ref name="note_vav_dgusha" group="note" />
| {{unicode|vv}}
| {{unicode|ww}}
| {{unicode|wāw ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|ww}}
| {{IPA|[vv]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Zayin|{{hebrew|ז}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|zayin}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|z}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[z]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|zayin}}
| {{unicode|z}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|zayin}}
| {{unicode|z}}
| {{unicode|záyin}}
| {{unicode|z}}
| {{IPA|[z]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|זּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|zz}}
| {{unicode|zz}}
| {{unicode|záyin ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|zz}}
| {{IPA|[zz]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|ז׳}}</span><ref name="note_loan" group="note" />
| {{unicode|zhayin}}
| {{unicode|zh}}
| {{IPA|[ʒ]}}
 
! colspan="2" | &nbsp;
| {{unicode|žayin}}
| {{unicode|ž}}
 
! colspan="3"| &nbsp;
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Heth|{{hebrew|ח}}]]</span>
| {{unicode|chet}}
| {{unicode|ch, kh, h}}
| {{IPA|[χ]}}
| {{unicode|ẖet}}
| {{unicode|ẖ}}
| {{unicode|ẖet}}
| {{unicode|ẖ}}
| {{unicode|ḥēṯ}}
| {{unicode|ḥ}}
| {{IPA|[ħ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Teth|{{hebrew|ט}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|tet}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|t}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[t]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|tet}}
| {{unicode|t}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|tet}}
| {{unicode|t}}
| {{unicode|ṭēṯ}}
| {{unicode|ṭ}}
| {{IPA|[tˤ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|טּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|tt}}
| {{unicode|tt}}
| {{unicode|ṭēṯ ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|ṭṭ}}
| {{IPA|[tˤtˤ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Yodh|{{hebrew|י}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|y, i}}<ref name="note_i" group="note" />
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[j]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|yud}}
| {{unicode|y}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|yud}}
| {{unicode|y}}
| {{unicode|yōḏ}}
| {{unicode|y}}
| {{IPA|[j]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|יּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|yy}}
| {{unicode|yy}}
| {{unicode|yōḏ ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|yy}}
| {{IPA|[jj]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Kaph|{{hebrew|ך&nbsp;כ}}]]</span>
| {{unicode|chaf}}
| {{unicode|ch, kh}}
| {{IPA|[χ]}}
| {{unicode|khaf}}
| {{unicode|kh}}
| {{unicode|khaf}}
| {{unicode|kh}}
| {{unicode|ḵāp̄}}
| {{unicode|ḵ}}
| {{IPA|[x]}}
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|ךּ&nbsp;כּ}}</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|kaf}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|k}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[k]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|kaf}}
| {{unicode|k}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|kaf}}
| {{unicode|k}}
| {{unicode|kāp̄}}
| {{unicode|k}}
| {{IPA|[k]}}
|-
| {{unicode|kk}}
| {{unicode|kk}}
| {{unicode|kāp̄ ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|kk}}
| {{IPA|[kk]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Lamedh|{{hebrew|ל}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|lamed}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|l}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[l]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|lamed}}
| {{unicode|l}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|lamed}}
| {{unicode|l}}
| {{unicode|lāmeḏ}}
| {{unicode|l}}
| {{IPA|[l]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|לּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|ll}}
| {{unicode|ll}}
| {{unicode|lāmeḏ ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|ll}}
| {{IPA|[ll]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Mem|{{hebrew|ם&nbsp;מ}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|mem}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|m}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[m]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|mem}}
| {{unicode|m}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|mem}}
| {{unicode|m}}
| {{unicode|mēm}}
| {{unicode|m}}
| {{IPA|[m]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|מּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|mm}}
| {{unicode|mm}}
| {{unicode|mēm ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|mm}}
| {{IPA|[mm]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Nun (letter)|{{hebrew|ן&nbsp;נ}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|nun}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|n}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[n]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|nun}}
| {{unicode|n}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|nun}}
| {{unicode|n}}
| {{unicode|nūn}}
| {{unicode|n}}
| {{IPA|[n]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|נּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|nn}}
| {{unicode|nn}}
| {{unicode|nūn ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|nn}}
| {{IPA|[nn]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Samekh|{{hebrew|ס}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|samech}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|s}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[s]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|samekh}}
| {{unicode|s}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|samekh}}
| {{unicode|s}}
| {{unicode|sāmeḵ}}
| {{unicode|s}}
| {{IPA|[s]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|סּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|ss}}
| {{unicode|ss}}
| {{unicode|sāmeḵ ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|ss}}
| {{IPA|[ss]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Ayin|{{hebrew|ע}}]]</span>
| {{unicode|ayin}}
| {{unicode|'}}<ref name="note_syl_br" group="note" />
| {{IPA|-}}
| {{unicode|ayin}}
| {{unicode|'}}<ref name="note_syl_br" group="note" />
| {{unicode|ʻayin}}
| {{unicode|ʻ}}
| {{unicode|ʿáyin}}
| {{unicode|ʿ}}
| {{IPA|[ʕ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Pe (letter)|{{hebrew|ף&nbsp;פ}}]]</span>
| {{unicode|fei}}
| {{unicode|f}}
| {{IPA|[f]}}
| {{unicode|fe}}
| {{unicode|f}}
| {{unicode|fe}}
| {{unicode|f}}
| {{unicode|p̄ē}}
| {{unicode|p̄}}
| {{IPA|[f]}}
|-
| align="center" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|ףּ&nbsp;פּ}}</span><ref name="note_pe_hazak_sofit" group="note" />
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|pei}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|p}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[p]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|pe}}
| {{unicode|p}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|pe}}
| {{unicode|p}}
| {{unicode|pē}}
| {{unicode|p}}
| {{IPA|[p]}}
|-
| {{unicode|pp}}
| {{unicode|pp}}
| {{unicode|pē ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|pp}}
| {{IPA|[pp]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Tsade|{{hebrew|ץ&nbsp;צ}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|tzadi}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|tz}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[t͡s]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|tsadi}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|ts}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|ẕadi}}
| {{unicode|ẕ}}
| {{unicode|ṣāḏē}}
| {{unicode|ṣ}}
| {{IPA|[sˤ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|צּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|ẕẕ}}
| {{unicode|ṣāḏē ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|ṣṣ}}
| {{IPA|[sˤsˤ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|ץ׳&nbsp;צ׳}}</span><ref name="note_loan" group="note" />
| {{unicode|tshadi}}
| {{unicode|tsh, ch}}
| {{IPA|[t͡ʃ]}}
 
! colspan="2" | &nbsp;
| {{unicode|čadi}}
| {{unicode|č}}
! colspan="3"| &nbsp;
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Qoph|{{hebrew|ק}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|kuf}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|k}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[k]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|kuf}}
| {{unicode|k}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|quf}}
| {{unicode|q}}
| {{unicode|qōp̄}}
| {{unicode|q}}
| {{IPA|[q]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|קּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|kk}}
| {{unicode|qq}}
| {{unicode|qōp̄ ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|qq}}
| {{IPA|[qq]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Resh|{{hebrew|ר}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|reish}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|r}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[ʁ]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|resh}}
| {{unicode|r}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|resh}}
| {{unicode|r}}
| {{unicode|rēš}}
| {{unicode|r}}
| {{IPA|[ʀ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|רּ}}</span><ref name="note_foreign" group="note" />
| {{unicode|rr}}
| {{unicode|rr}}
| {{unicode|rēš ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|rr}}
| {{IPA|[ʀʀ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Shin (letter)|{{hebrew|שׁ}}]]</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|shin}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|sh}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[ʃ]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|shin}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|sh}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|shin}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|sh}}
| {{unicode|šīn}}
| {{unicode|š}}
| {{IPA|[ʃ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|שּׁ}}</span>
| {{unicode|šīn ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|šš}}
| {{IPA|[ʃʃ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|שׂ}}</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|sin}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|s}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[s]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|sin}}
| {{unicode|s}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|sin}}
| {{unicode|s}}
| {{unicode|śīn}}
| {{unicode|ś}}
| {{IPA|[s]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|שּׂ}}</span>
| {{unicode|ss}}
| {{unicode|ss}}
| {{unicode|śīn ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|śś}}
| {{IPA|[ss]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">[[Taw|{{hebrew|ת}}]]</span>
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|tav}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|t}}
| rowspan="3"| {{IPA|[t]}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|tav}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|t}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|taw}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|t}}
| {{unicode|ṯāw}}
| {{unicode|ṯ}}
| {{IPA|[θ]}}
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|תּ}}</span>
| {{unicode|tāw}}
| {{unicode|t}}
| {{IPA|[t]}}
|-
| {{unicode|tt}}
| {{unicode|tt}}
| {{unicode|tāw ḥāzāq}}
| {{unicode|tt}}
| {{IPA|[tt]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|ת׳}}</span><ref name="note_foreign" group="note" />
| {{unicode|thav}}
| {{unicode|th}}
| {{IPA|[θ]}}
 
! colspan="2" | &nbsp;
| {{unicode|ṯaw}}
| {{unicode|ṯ}}
 
! colspan="3"| &nbsp;
|-
 
! colspan="11"| Forms used only in transliterations of Arabic
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|ח׳}}</span><ref name="note_foreign" group="note" />
| [[ḫāʾ|{{unicode|ḫāʾ}}]]
| {{unicode|ḫ}}
| {{IPA|[χ]}}
! colspan="7" | &nbsp;
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|ט׳}}</span><ref name="note_foreign" group="note" />
| [[ẓāʾ|{{unicode|ẓāʾ}}]]
| {{unicode|ẓ}}
| {{IPA|[ðˤ] ~ [zˤ]}}
! colspan="7" | &nbsp;
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|ע׳&nbsp;ר׳}}</span><ref name="note_foreign" group="note" />
| [[ġayn|{{unicode|ġayn}}]]
| {{unicode|ġ}}
| {{IPA|[ɣ] ~ [ʁ]}}
! colspan="7" | &nbsp;
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|ץ׳&nbsp;צ׳}}</span><ref name="note_foreign" group="note" />
| [[ḍād|{{unicode|ḍād}}]]
| {{unicode|ḍ}}
| {{IPA|[dˤ]}}
! colspan="7" | &nbsp;
|-
 
! colspan="11"| Vowels
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|טְ}}</span>
| {{unicode|shva nach}}
! colspan="2"| &nbsp;
| {{unicode|shva naẖ}}
! &nbsp;
| {{unicode|shewa naẖ}}
! &nbsp;
| {{unicode|šəwā nāḥ}}
! colspan="2"| &nbsp;
|-
| {{unicode|shva na}}
| {{unicode|e}}<ref name="note_shva" group="note" />
| {{IPA|[e̞]}}<ref name="note_shva" group="note" />
| {{unicode|shva na}}
| {{unicode|e}}<ref name="note_shva" group="note" />
| {{unicode|shewa naʻ}}
| {{unicode|e}}
| {{unicode|šəwā nāʻ}}
| {{unicode|ə}}
| {{IPA|[ɐ̆] <br /> [ɛ̆] <br /> [ĕ] <br /> [ĭ] <br /> [ɔ̆] <br /> [ŏ] <br /> [ŭ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|חֱ}}</span>
| {{unicode|chataf segol}}
| {{unicode|e}}
| {{IPA|[e̞]}}
| {{unicode|ẖataf seggol}}
| {{unicode|e}}
| {{unicode|ẖataf seggol}}
| {{unicode|e}}
| {{unicode|ḥăṭep̄ səḡōl}}
| {{unicode|ĕ}}
| {{IPA|[ɛ̆]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|חֲ}}</span>
| {{unicode|chataf patach}}
| {{unicode|a}}
| {{IPA|[ä]}}
| {{unicode|ẖataf pataẖ}}
| {{unicode|a}}
| {{unicode|ẖataf pataẖ}}
| {{unicode|a}}
| {{unicode|ḥăṭep̄ páṯaḥ}}
| {{unicode|ă}}
| {{IPA|[ɐ̆]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|חֳ}}</span>
| {{unicode|chataf kamatz}}
| {{unicode|o}}
| {{IPA|[o̞]}}
| {{unicode|ẖataf kamats}}
| {{unicode|o}}
| {{unicode|ẖataf qamaẕ}}
| {{unicode|o}}
| {{unicode|ḥăṭep̄ qāmeṣ}}
| {{unicode|ŏ}}
| {{IPA|[ɔ̆]}}
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|טִ}}</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|chirik}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|i}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[i]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|ẖirik}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|i}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|ẖiriq}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|i}}
| {{unicode|ḥīreq qāṭān}}
| {{unicode|i}}
| {{IPA|[i]}}
|-
| {{unicode|ḥīreq gāḏôl}}
| {{unicode|ī}}
| {{IPA|[iː]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|טֵ}}</span>
| {{unicode|tzeire}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|e}}
| rowspan="3"| {{IPA|[e̞]}}
| {{unicode|tsere}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|e}}
| {{unicode|ẕere}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|e}}
| {{unicode|ṣērē}}
| {{unicode|ē}}
| {{IPA|[eː]}}
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|טֶ}}</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|segol}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|seggol}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|seggol}}
| {{unicode|səḡōl qāṭān}}
| {{unicode|e}}
| {{IPA|[ɛ]}}
|-
| {{unicode|səḡōl gāḏōl}}
| {{unicode|é, ẹ}}
| {{IPA|[ɛː]}}
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|טַ}}</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|patach}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|a}}
| rowspan="3"| {{IPA|[ä]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|pataẖ}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|a}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|pataẖ}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|a}}
| {{unicode|páṯaḥ qāṭān}}
| {{unicode|a}}
| {{IPA|[ɐ]}}
|-
| {{unicode|páṯaḥ gāḏōl}}
| {{unicode|á, ạ}}
| {{IPA|[ɐː]}}
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="3" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|טָ}}</span>
| {{unicode|kamatz gadol}}
| {{unicode|kamats gadol}}
| {{unicode|qamaẕ gadol}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|qāmeṣ gāḏôl}}
| {{unicode|ā}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[ɔː]}}
|-
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|kamatz katan}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|o}}
| rowspan="3"| {{IPA|[o̞]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|kamats katan}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|o}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|qamaẕ qatan}}
| rowspan="3"| {{unicode|o}}
| {{unicode|ọ}}
|-
| {{unicode|qāmeṣ qāṭān}}
| {{unicode|o}}
| {{IPA|[ɔ]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|טֹ}}</span>
| {{unicode|cholam}}
| {{unicode|ẖolam}}
| {{unicode|ẖolam}}
| {{unicode|ḥōlem}}
| {{unicode|ō}}
| {{IPA|[oː]}}
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|טֻ}}</span>
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|kubutz}}
| rowspan="4"| {{unicode|u}}
| rowspan="4"| {{IPA|[u]}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|kubbuts}}
| rowspan="4"| {{unicode|u}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|qubbuẕ}}
| rowspan="4"| {{unicode|u}}
| {{unicode|qibbūṣ qāṭān}}
| {{unicode|u}}
| {{IPA|[u]}}
|-
| {{unicode|qibbūṣ gāḏōl}}
| {{unicode|ū}}
| {{IPA|[uː]}}
|-
| align="center" rowspan="2"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl">{{hebrew|טוּ}}</span><ref name="note_vav_dgusha" group="note" />
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|shuruk}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|shuruk}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|shuruq}}
| {{unicode|šūreq qāṭān}}
| {{unicode|u}}
| {{IPA|[u]}}
|-
| {{unicode|šūreq gāḏōl}}
| {{unicode|ū}}
| {{IPA|[uː]}}
|-
! colspan="11"| Israeli Diphthongs
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|טֵי}}</span>
| {{unicode|tzeire yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|ei}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[e̞͡ɪ]}}
| {{unicode|tsere}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|e}}
| {{unicode|ẕere}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|e}}
| {{unicode|ṣērē}}
| {{unicode|ē}}
| {{IPA|[eː]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|טֶי}}</span>
| {{unicode|segol yud}}
| {{unicode|seggol}}
| {{unicode|seggol}}
| {{unicode|səḡōl}}
| {{unicode|e, é, ẹ}}
| {{IPA|[ɛ(ː)]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|טַי&nbsp;טַיְ}}</span>
| {{unicode|patach yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|ai}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[ä͡ɪ]}}
| {{unicode|pataẖ yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|ay}}
| {{unicode|pataẖ yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|ay}}
| {{unicode|páṯaḥ yōḏ}}
| {{unicode|ay, áy, ạy}}
| {{IPA|[ɐ(ː)j]}}
|-
| align="center" style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em" rowspan="2" dir="rtl"|{{hebrew|טָי&nbsp;טָיְ}}</span>
| {{unicode|kamatz gadol yud}}
| {{unicode|kamats gadol yud}}
| {{unicode|qamaẕ gadol yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|qāmeṣ yōḏ}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|āy, oy, ọy}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[ɔ(ː)j]}}
|-
| {{unicode|kamatz katan yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|oi}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[o̞͡ɪ]}}
| {{unicode|kamats katan yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|oy}}
| {{unicode|qamaẕ qatan yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|oy}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|טֹי&nbsp;טֹיְ}}</span>
| {{unicode|cholam yud}}
| {{unicode|ẖolam yud}}
| {{unicode|ẖolam yud}}
| {{unicode|ḥōlem yōḏ}}
| {{unicode|ōy}}
| {{IPA|[oːj]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|טֻי&nbsp;טֻיְ}}</span>
| {{unicode|kubutz yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|ui}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[u͡ɪ]}}
| {{unicode|kubbuts yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|uy}}
| {{unicode|qubbuẕ yud}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|uy}}
| {{unicode|ḥōlem yōḏ}}
| rowspan="2"| {{unicode|uy, ūy}}
| rowspan="2"| {{IPA|[u(ː)j]}}
|-
| align="center" dir="rtl"|<span style="font-size: 200%; line-height:1em">{{hebrew|טוּי&nbsp;טוּיְ}}</span>
| {{unicode|shuruk yud}}
| {{unicode|shuruk yud}}
| {{unicode|shuruq yud}}
| {{unicode|šūreq yōḏ}}
|}
 
=====Notes=====
{{Reflist|group="note"|refs=
{{#tag:ref|Rarely, [[loanwords]] or their [[Derivation (linguistics)|derivations]] contain the phoneme {{IPA|/w/}}, which [[Linguistic prescription|standardly]] is spelled with "{{Hebrew|ו}}", indistinguishably from "{{Hebrew|ו}}" denoting {{IPA|/v/}}.<ref name="transliteration_rules">[http://hebrew-academy.huji.ac.il/hahlatot/TheTranscription/Documents/LAT-HEB.pdf Announcements of the Academy of the Hebrew Language]</ref> Some non-standard distinguishing ways of spelling exist, such as "{{Hebrew|ו׳}}" or word-initial "{{Hebrew|וו}}" (see [[Vav (letter)#Pronunciation|orthographic variants of vav]]), but their usage is not consistent. Therefore, correctly romanizing the "{{Hebrew|ו}}" as {{IPA|/w/}} cannot rely on [[orthography]] but rather on lexical knowledge, e.g. "{{Hebrew|דַּאַוִין}}" [http://morfix.mako.co.il/default.aspx?q=%u05D3%u05D0%u05D5%u05D5%u05D9%u05DF <sup>Morfix</sup>] → "da'awín", "{{Hebrew|בָּאֲוִיר}}" [http://morfix.mako.co.il/default.aspx?q=%u05D1%u05D0%u05D5%u05D5%u05D9%u05E8 <sup>Morfix</sup>] → "ba'avír".|name="note_w"|group="note"}}
<ref name="note_pe_hazak_sofit" group="note">The pe hazak sofit {{Hebrew|ףּ}} is found once in the [[Tanakh]]. But {{Hebrew|ף}} is never used for {{IPA|/p/}} in Modern Hebrew, with {{Hebrew|פ}} being used in all positions, including word-finally.</ref>
<ref name="note_syl_br" group="note">Functions only as a syllable break in Israeli Hebrew. So, when transcribed, is omitted everywhere except in circumstances where omission would be ambiguous, such as immediately after consonants or between vowels.</ref>
<ref name="note_init_omit" group="note">Omitted at the beginnings of words.</ref>
<ref name="note_vav_dgusha" group="note">[[Shuruk]] and "{{Hebrew|ו}}" with a [[dagesh]] look identical ("{{Hebrew|וּ}}") and are only distinguishable through the fact that in text with [[nikud]], "{{Hebrew|ו}}" with a [[dagesh]] will normally be attributed a vocal point in addition, e.g. {{Hebrew|שׁוּק}}, ("a market"), trans. "shuk" (the "{{Hebrew|וּ}}" denotes a [[shuruk]]) as opposed to {{Hebrew|שִׁוֵּק}} ("to market"), trans. "shivék" (the "{{Hebrew|וּ}}" denotes a vav with [[dagesh]]). In the word {{Hebrew|שִׁוּוּק}} ("marketing"), trans. "shivúk", the first ("{{Hebrew|וּ}}") denotes a vav with dagesh, the second a shuruk., being the vocal point attributed to the first.</ref>
<ref name="note_i" group="note">Usually written as ''i'' after a vowel and either before a consonant or syllable break or at the end of a word.</ref>
<ref name="note_loan" group="note">For phonemes in [[loanwords]] or their [[Derivation (linguistics)|derivations]]. These are not used in Classical Hebrew, so are omitted from the ISO 259 columns.</ref>
<ref name="note_foreign" group="note">Hebrew-letter transliterations of foreign phonemes (used only for the transliterition of [[proper name]]s or foreign language texts, never in native words or [[loanword]]s).</ref>
<ref name="note_shva" group="note">Israeli Hebrew typically demotes shva na to silent shva nach in situations where it can be comfortably omitted in common speech, creating consonant clusters that would otherwise not be permitted in older varieties of Hebrew. In situations where this happens, the shva is typically not transliterated at all, or is at most transliterated with an apostrophe (') – see [[shva]].</ref>
}}
 
== Véxase tamén ==
88

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