Diferenzas entre revisións de «Xeografía de Escocia»

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A '''xeografía de Escocia''' é moi variada, dende as terras baixas do rural ata as terras altas ermas, e dende as grandes cidades ata as illas deshabitadas. Localizada no [[Norte de Europa]], Escocia comprende o terzo norte da illa de Gran Bretaña así como 790 illas como as dos grandes arquipélagos das [[Illas Shetland]], das [[Órcadas]] e das [[Illas Hébridas]] interiores e exteriores.<ref name="third">{{cita web |url=http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9110753/Scotland |título=Scotland |publisher=Encyclopaedia Britannica |dataacceso=16 de agosto de 2007}}</ref>
 
A única terra que fai fronteira con Escocia é [[Inglaterra]], que percorre 97km en dirección noreste dende o [[Fiorde de Solway]] ata o [[Mar do Norte]] na costa leste.<ref name="Atlas">{{cita libro |autor=Munro, D |título=Scotland Atlas and Gazetteer |páxinas=1–2 |publisher=Harper Collins |ano=1999}}</ref> Separada pola [[Canle do Norte]], a illa de Irlanda está a 31km da punta suroeste das terras escocesas.<ref name="Atlas"/> Noruega está localizada a 310 km ó norete de Escocia cruzando o Mar do Norte. O [[Océano Atlántico]], que bordea a costa oeste de Escocia e as illas do norte, inflúe no [[clima temperado]] e marítimo do país.<ref name="scotlandclimate">{{cita web | apelido = | nome = | authorlink = | ano = 2001 | url = http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/location/scotland/index.html | título = Met Office: Scottish climate | work = | publisher = [[Met Office]] | dataacceso = 20 de agosto de 2007 |archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20070527202029/http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/location/scotland/index.html |archivedate = 27 de maio de 2007}}</ref>
 
The topography of Scotland is distinguished by the [[Highland Boundary Fault]]{{spaced ndash}}a [[geologic fault|geological rock fracture]]{{spaced ndash}}which traverses the Scottish mainland from [[Helensburgh]] to [[Stonehaven]].<ref name="Boundary">{{cite web | last = | first coauthors = | url = http://www.scottish-places.info/features/featurefirst7728.html | title = Overview of Highland Boundary Fault | work = | publisher = Gazetteer for Scotland, University of Edinburgh | accessdate = 2007-08-23}}</ref> The faultline separates two distinctively different physiographic regions; namely the [[Scottish Highlands|Highlands]] to the north and west and the [[Scottish lowlands|lowlands]] to the south and east.<ref name="Fault">{{cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | url = http://www.snh.org.uk/publications/on-line/geology/loch_lomond_stirling/highland_line.asp | title = Loch Lomond to Stirling - the Highland Line | work = | publisher = Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) | accessdate = 2007-08-23}}</ref> The more rugged Highland region contains the majority of Scotland's mountainous terrain, including the highest peak, [[Ben Nevis]]. Lowland areas, in the southern part of Scotland, are flatter and home to most of the population, especially the narrow waist of land between the [[Firth of Clyde]] and the [[Firth of Forth]] known as the [[Central Lowlands|Central Belt]].<ref name="Fault"/> [[Glasgow]] is the largest city in Scotland, although [[Edinburgh]] is the [[Capital city|capital]] and political centre of the country.<ref name="settlements">{{cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | year =2004 | url= http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/files1/stats/04mid-year-estimates-localities-table4.pdf | title = Mid 2004 Localities estimates - Localities in descending order of size | work = | publisher = General Register of Scotland (GROS) | accessdate = 2007-08-23}}</ref>
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