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A '''Igrexa Siríaca Maronita de Antioquía''' (en [[lingua siríaca]]: ܥܕܬܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܬܐ ܡܪܘܢܝܬܐ ܕܐܢܛܝܘܟܝܐ, ''ʿīṯo suryoiṯo morunoiṯo d'anṭiokia''; {{lang-ar|الكنيسة الأنطاكية السريانية المارونية}}, ''al-Kanīsa al-Anṭākiyya al-Suryāniyya al-Māruniyya''; {{lang-la|Ecclesia Maronitarum}}), máis coñecida simplemente como '''Igrexa Católica Maronita''', é unha [[igrexa particular]] [[católica]], en comuñón coa [[Santa Sé]] de Roma. Ten a súa orixe na comunidade fundada por [[Marón]], un monxe siríaco do século IV venerado como santo. O primeiro patriarca maronita, san [[Xoán Marón]], foi elexidoelixido a finais do século VII.
 
Malia ser reducidos en número, os maronitas continúan a ser un dos principais grupos etno-relixiosos do Líbano. A diferenza doutras [[igrexas católicas orientais]], dende a súa orixe os maronitas sempre teñen estado en comuñón coa [[Santa Sé|Igrexa de Roma]] e co [[Papa]].
Although reduced in numbers today, [[Maronites]] remain one of the principal ethno-religious groups in [[Lebanon]]. The Maronite Church asserts that since its inception, it has always remained faithful to the [[Holy See|Church of Rome]] and the [[Pope]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.maryourmother.net/Eastern.html|title=The Eastern Catholic Churches}}</ref> In November 2012, Pope Benedict appointed Maronite Patriarch [[Bechara Boutros al-Rahi]] as a [[Cardinal (Catholicism)|Cardinal]].<ref>http://press.catholica.va/news_services/bulletin/news/29888.php?index=29888&lang=ge</ref>
 
Before the [[History of Lebanon under Arab rule|conquest by Arabian Muslims]] reached [[Lebanon]], the [[Lebanese people]], including those who would become [[Islamization|Muslim]] and the majority who would remain [[Christian]], spoke a dialect of [[Aramaic language|Aramaic]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.walidphares.com/artman/publish/article_58.shtml |title=Review of Phares Book |publisher=Walidphares.com |date= |accessdate=2009-03-31}}</ref><ref>The Precarious Republic: Political Modernization in Lebanon. By Michael C. Hudson, 1968</ref><ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=ugpIAAAAMAAJ&q=%22maronites+spoke&dq=%22maronites+spoke&pgis=1 Lebanon: Its Stand in History Among the Near East Countries] By Salim Wakim, 1996.</ref> [[Syriac language|Syriac]] (Christian Aramaic) still remains the [[liturgical language]] of the Maronite Church.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.stgeorgesa.org/ |title=St. George Maronite Church |publisher=Stgeorgesa.org |date= |accessdate=2009-03-31}}</ref> The members of the Maronite Church are a part of the [[Syriac people]]; though they have, over time, developed a distinctive Maronite character, this has not obscured their [[Patriarch of Antioch|Antiochene]] and [[Syriac Christianity|Syriac]] origin.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bkerkelb.org/english/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=143:-introduction&catid=35:maronite-identity-&Itemid=55 |title=Identity of the Maronite Church}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bkerkelb.org/english/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=142:-identity-of-the-maronite-church-a-syriac-antiochene-church-with-a-special-liturgical-heritage&catid=35:maronite-identity-&Itemid=55 |title=Identity of the Maronite Church - A Syriac Antiochene Church with a Special Lit. Heritage}}</ref>
 
==History==
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