Diferenzas entre revisións de «Alexandre I de Bulgaria»

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O acordo, costoulle a Alexandre moita da súa popularidade en Bulgaria, a clase dirixente era en boa parte rusófila, xa que pensaban que só os rusos podían garantirlle a independencia ao país, sumado ao descontento entre parte dos oficiais do exército pola distribución de recompesas pola guerra. E así o 20 de agosto de 1886 tivo lugar un golpe de estado, os conspiradores colleron ao príncipe no palacio de Sofía e obrigárono a asinar a súa abdicación e deixar o país. Unha contrarrevolta dirixida polo liberal rusófono [[Stefan Stambolov]] restaurouno no trono mais a falta de apoio de Alemaña sumada á de Rusia e o envío por parte do príncipe Alexandre dun telegrama a Alexandre III nun ton de sumisión <ref>
Richard C. Frucht ''Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture''. Volume I. ABC-CLIO (2004), p. 807 </ref> que fixo que perdese o apoio de parte dos seus partidarios, diante esa situación o 8 de setembro de 1886 abdicou por segunda vez e marchou do país.
==LastÚltimos yearsanos==
[[File:Battenberg Mausoleum Sofia 7.jpg|thumb|250px|Battenberg Mausoleum in Sofia]]
 
Alexander retirouse entón á vida privada, utilizando o título de conde de Hartenau, casou coa actriz [[Johanna Loisinger]] o 6 de febreiro de 1889, coa que tivo un fillo e unha filla. Pasou a maior parte da súa vida en [[Graz]] como oficial do exército austríaco. Tras a súa morte os seus restos leváronse a Sofía, realizándose un funeral pública e soterrado nun [[Mausoleo Battenberg|mausoleo erixido na súa memoria]].
Alexander then retired into private life. A few years later he married [[Johanna Loisinger]], an [[actress]], and assumed the style of Count von [[Hartenau]] (6 February 1889). There were a son and a daughter from this marriage. The last years of his life he spent principally at [[Graz]], where he held a local command in the Austrian army, and where he died on 23 October 1893. His remains, brought to Sofia, received a public funeral there, and were buried in a [[Battenberg Mausoleum|mausoleum erected to his memory]].
 
Prince Alexander possessed much charm and amiability of manner; he was tall, dignified and strikingly handsome. Competent authorities have generally recognised his capabilities as a soldier. As a ruler he committed some errors, but his youth and inexperience and the extreme difficulty of his position account for much. He had some aptitude for diplomacy, and his intuitive insight and perception of character sometimes enabled him to outwit the crafty politicians who surrounded him. His principal fault remained a want of tenacity and resolution; his tendency to unguarded language undoubtedly increased the number of his enemies.
 
==Devanceiros==
[[Battenberg Hill]] on [[Livingston Island]] in the [[South Shetland Islands]], [[Antarctica]] is named after Prince Alexander Battenberg of Bulgaria.<ref>[http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/gaz/scar/display_name.cfm?gaz_id=136854 SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica]: Battenberg Hill.</ref>
 
See:
* Drandar, ''Le Prince Alexandre de Battenberg en Bulgarie'' (Paris, 1884)
* Koch, ''Fürst Alexander von Bulgarien'' (Darmstadt, 1887)
* Matveyev, ''Bulgarien nach dem Berliner Congress'' (Petersburg, 1887)
* Bourchier, "Prince Alexander of Battenberg," in ''Fortnightly Review'', January 1894.
* Yordan Benedikov, "A History of Volunteers in the Serbo-Bulgarian War of 1885", published by the volunteer organization ''Slivnitsa'', 1935 p.&nbsp;83; new edition publishing house ''Издателство на Отечествения фронт'', 1985 p.&nbsp;113-14; Йордан Венедиков, ''История на доброволците от Сръбско-българската война'' - 1885 г., Издава Доброволческата Организация "Сливница”, 1935 стр. 83; ново издание на Издателство на Отечествения фронт, 1985 г. стр. 113-14).
 
==Ancestry==
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{{ahnentafel-compact5
|style=font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%;
|boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;
|boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;
|1= 1. '''PrinceAlexandre Alexander ofde Battenberg'''
|2= 2. [[PrinceAlexandre Alexander ofde Hesse and by Rhine-Darmstadt]]
|3= 3. [[JuliaXulia Hauke|CountessCondesa JuliaXulia Hauke]]
|4= 4. [[LouisLuís II, GrandGran DukeDuque ofde Hesse|Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine]]
|5= 5. [[PrincessGuillermina Wilhelmine ofde Baden]]
|6= 6. [[John Maurice Hauke|CountConde John Maurice Hauke]]
|7= 7. Sophie Lafontaine
|8= 8. [[LouisLuís I, GrandGran DukeDuque ofde Hesse|Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine]]
|9= 9. [[LandgravineLuísa Louise ofde Hesse-Darmstadt (1761–1829)|Landgravine LouiseLuísa of Hesse-Darmstadt]]
|10= 10. [[CharlesCarlos LouisLuís, HereditaryPrincipe PrinceHeredeiro ofde Baden]]
|11= 11. [[LandgravineAmalia Amalie ofde Hesse-Darmstadt]]
|12= 12. Friedrich Carl Emanuel Hauke
|13= 13. Maria Salomé Schweppenhäuser
|14= 14. Franz Anton Leopold Lafontaine
|15= 15. Maria Theresa Kornély
|16= 16. [[LouisLuís IX, Landgrave ofde Hesse-Darmstadt]]
|17= 17. [[CountessCarolina Palatine Caroline ofde Zweibrücken]]
|18= 18. [[LandgraveXurxo GeorgeGuillerme William ofde Hesse-Darmstadt]]
|19= 19. PrincessPrincesa MariaMaría Luise ofLuísa Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
|20= 20. [[CharlesCarlos Frederick,Federico Grand Duke ofde Baden]]
|21= 21. Landgravine CarolineCarolina Louise ofLuísa Hesse-Darmstadt
|22= 22. [[LouisLuís IX, Landgrave ofe Hesse-Darmstadt]] (= 16)
|23= 23. [[Countess Palatine Caroline ofCarolina Zweibrücken]] (= 17)
|24= 24. Ignatz Marianus Hauck
|25= 25. BaronessBaronesa Maria Franziska Riedesel zu Eisenbach
|26= 26. Heinrich Wilhelm Schweppenhäuser
|27= 27. Charlotte Philippine Juliane Westermann
|29= 29. Maria Katharina Franziska Leonhardt
|30= 30. Markus Kornély<ref name="paget">{{Citation|last=Paget|first=Gerald|year=1977|title=The Lineage & Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales|publisher=Charles Skilton|location=Edinburgh and London}}</ref>
|31= 31. UnknownDescoñecido<ref name="paget"/>
}}</center>
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