Diferenzas entre revisións de «Alexandre I de Bulgaria»

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O príncipe Alexandre recibiu unha educación militar, serviu como oficial no rexemento de [[dragón (exército)|dragóns]] de Hesse, e moi ligado ao seu tío o tsar de Rusia na súa infancia e mocidade Alexandre visitou frecuentemente [[San Petersburgo]], e cando a [[Guerra ruso-turca de 1877-78]] estalou ingresou no exército ruso<ref>Duncan M. Perry ''Stefan Stambolov and the Emergence of Modern Bulgaria, 1870-1895''. Duke University Press (1993), p. 243</ref> participando na campaña búlgara de 1877. Cando, so o [[Tratado de Berlín, 1878|Tratado de Berlín]] (1878), Bulgaria mudou nun [[principado]] baixo soberanía [[Imperio Otomán|otomá]], o tsar recomendoulle o seu sobriño aos búlgaros como o candidato ideal ao trono, e a [[Asemblea Nacional de Bulgaria|Grande Asemblea Nacional]] por unanimidade elixiu a Aexandre Battenberg como príncipe de Bulgaria o 29 de abril de 1879. Nese intre, Alexandre, servía como tenente na [[Gardes du Corps|Garda Real de Prusia]] en [[Postdam]]. Antes de marchar para Bulgaria visitou ao tsar no [[Palacio de Livadia]] ([[Crimea]]), un navío de guerra levou a [[Varna]], e logo de prestar [[xuramento]] á [[Constitución de Tarnovo|nova constitución]] en [[Veliko Tarnovo|Tarnovo]] o 8 de xullo de 1879 dirixiuse a [[Sofía]].
 
O novo príncipe carecía de calquera tipo de experiencia de goberno e viuse entre os representantes oficiais de Rusia, que pretendían que fora un ''[[roi fainéant]]'' e as friccións co primeiro ministro liberal, [[Dragan Tsankov]], sobre asuntos constitucionais e de política interna<ref>R.J. Crampton ''A Concise History of Bulgaria''. Cambridge Univestity Press (2005) p. 90</ref>.
The new ruling prince had not had any previous training in governing, and a range of problems confronted him. He found himself caught between the official representatives of Russia, who wanted him to behave as a ''[[roi fainéant]]'', and the Bulgarian politicians, who actively pursued their own quarrels with a violence that threatened the stability of Bulgaria.
 
After attempting to govern under these conditions for nearly two years, the prince, with the consent of the Russian tsar, Alexander assumed absolute power, having suspended the Constitution (9 May 1881). A specially convened assembly voted (13 July 1881) for suspension of the ultra-democratic constitution for a period of seven years. The experiment, however, proved unsuccessful; the monarchical coup infuriated Bulgarian Liberal and Radical politicians, and the real [[power (sociology)|power]] passed to two Russian generals, [[Leonid Sobolev|Sobolev]] and [[Aleksandr Kaulbars|Kaulbars]], specially despatched from Saint Petersburg. The prince, after vainly endeavouring to obtain the recall of the generals, restored the constitution with the concurrence of all the Bulgarian political parties (19 September 1883). A serious breach with [[Russia]] followed, and the part which the prince subsequently played in encouraging the national aspirations of the Bulgarians widened that breach.
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