==Prince of Bulgaria==
Na súa infancia e mocidade Alexandre visitou frecuentemente [[San Petersburgo]], e cando a [[Guerra ruso-turca de 1877-78]] estalou ingresou no exército ruso<ref>Duncan M. Perry ''Stefan Stambolov and the Emergence of Modern Bulgaria, 1870-1895''. Duke University Press (1993), p. 243</ref> participando na campaña búlgara de 1877.
When, under the [[ Treaty of Berlin, 1878| Treaty of Berlin]] (1878), Bulgaria became an autonomous [[ principality]] under the suzerainty of the [[ Ottoman Empire]], the Tsar recommended his nephew to the Bulgarians as a candidate for the newly-created throne, and the [[ National Assembly of Bulgaria| Grand National Assembly]] unanimously elected Prince Alexander as Prince of Bulgaria (29 April 1879 ). At that time he held a commission as a lieutenant in the [[Prussia]] n life-guards at [[ Potsdam]]. Before proceeding to Bulgaria , Prince Alexander paid visits to the Tsar at [[Livadia]] , to the courts of the great powers and to the [[ sultan]] ; a Russian warship then conveyed him to [[Varna]], and after taking the [[ oath]] to the [[ Tarnovo Constitution| new constitution]] at [[ Turnovo]] (8 July 1879) he went to [[Sofia]] . The people everywhere ''en route'' greeted him with immense enthusiasm. (For the political history of Prince Alexander's reign, see [[ History of Bulgaria]]. )
The new ruling prince had not had any previous training in governing, and a range of problems confronted him. He found himself caught between the official representatives of Russia, who wanted him to behave as a ''[[roi fainéant]]'', and the Bulgarian politicians, who actively pursued their own quarrels with a violence that threatened the stability of Bulgaria.