Diferenzas entre revisións de «Batalla de Ancara»

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==O contexto==
Tamerlán era o máis poderoso gobernante de [[Asia Central]] desde a época de [[Genghis Khan]], e pasara as dúas décadas anteriores reconstruíndo o Imperio Mongol dos seus antepasados .<ref>Beatrice Forbes Manz, "Temür and the Problem of a Conqueror's Legacy," ''Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society'', Third Series, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Apr., 1998), 25; "In his formal correspondance Temur continued throughout his life as the restorer of Chinggisid rights. He even justified his Iranian, Mamluk and Ottoman campaigns as a reimposition of legitimate Mongol control over lands taken by usurpers...".</ref><ref>Michal Biran, "The Chaghadaids and Islam: The Conversion of Tarmashirin Khan (1331-34)," ''Journal of American Oriental Society'', Vol. 122, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 2002), 751; "Temur, a non-Chinggisid, tried to build a double legitimacy based on his role as both guardian and restorer of the Mongol Empire.".</ref>. Tamerlán conquistara [[Xeorxia - საქართველო|Xeorxia]] e [[Acerbaixán]] estendendo o seu imperio ata as fronteiras do Imperio Otomán. Bayezid I pola súa parte pasara a maior parte do seu reinado en guerras conquistando territorios cara ao leste e oeste abranguendo case todo o territorio que unha vez pertencera ao Imperio Romano de Oriente<ref>Dimitris Kastritsis The Sons of Bayezid: Empire Building and Representation in the Ottoman Civil War Of 1402-1413. BRILL (2007), p. 1</ref> . Os dous poderes axiña entraron en conflito directo polo control do territorio e das rutas comerciais. <ref>Michael Dumper e Bruce Stanley ''Cities of The Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia''. ABC-CLIO (2007), p. 37</ref>. Bayezid esixiulle tributo a un [[bey|bey de Anatolia]] que xurara lealdade a Tamerlán e tratou de invadir o seu territorio. Tamerlán interpretouno como un insulto persoal e en 1400 saqueou a cidade otomá de [[Sivas|Sebaste]], ao que seguíu a invasión de polo leste [[Anatolia]] para lle facer fronte, Bayezid convocou as súas forzas e enfrontouse a Tamerlán preto de Ancara. O conflito foi a culminación de anos de intercambio de misivas ofensivas entre Tamerlán e Bayezid.
 
==As forzas==
TheNon exactse sizecoñece ofo thevolume conflictingexacto armiesdos isexércitos noten knownconflito. WhenCando TimurTamerlán invadedinvadiu Asia MinorMenor, hisas armysúas offorzas horsemenestaban withformadas no infantrypor allowedxinetes, himo toque movelle fastpermitía throughmoverse thevelozmente Turkishpolo Empire,seo destroyingdo theImperio Otomán, Empire'sdestruíndo defenseas piecesúas bydefensas piecegradualmente. Later, before the main battle and during the battle, a number of Bayezid's allies and vassals joined Timur. In ''Turkey Old and New: historical, geographical and statistical'' (1880), Sutherland Menzies states that both armies amounted to nearly one million men.<ref>Sutherland Menzies (1880) ''Turkey, Old and New: historical, geographical and statistical''. London: W. H. Allen and Co.; p. 65</ref> Peter Fredet claims that Timur and Bayezid's armies consisted of 800,000 and 400,000 men, respectively.<ref>Peter Fredet (1893) ''Modern History: from the coming of Christ and change of the Roman Republic into an Empire, to the year of Our Lord 1888''. Baltimore: J. Murphy & Co.; pp. 373-374</ref> Robert Henlopen Labberton argues that Timur's army had 600,000 men, while Bayezid's army was only 120,000 strong.<ref>Robert Henlopen Labberton (1888) ''New Historical Atlas and General History'' (MacCoun's Historical Series). London: Macmillan</ref>
 
In ''[[The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire]]'', historian [[Edward Gibbon]] explained in detail the discrepancies over the strength of both forces:<ref>Edward Gibbon; Henry Hart Milman (1899) ''The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire'' Vol. 6, Peter Fenelon New York: Collier; p. 263</ref>
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