Diferenzas entre revisións de «Batalla de Ancara»

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==O contexto==
Tamerlán era o máis poderoso gobernante de [[Asia Central]] desde a época de [[Genghis Khan]], e pasara as dúas décadas anteriores reconstruíndo o Imperio Mongol dos seus antepasados .<ref>Beatrice Forbes Manz, "Temür and the Problem of a Conqueror's Legacy," ''Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society'', Third Series, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Apr., 1998), 25; "In his formal correspondance Temur continued throughout his life as the restorer of Chinggisid rights. He even justified his Iranian, Mamluk and Ottoman campaigns as a reimposition of legitimate Mongol control over lands taken by usurpers...".</ref><ref>Michal Biran, "The Chaghadaids and Islam: The Conversion of Tarmashirin Khan (1331-34)," ''Journal of American Oriental Society'', Vol. 122, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 2002), 751; "Temur, a non-Chinggisid, tried to build a double legitimacy based on his role as both guardian and restorer of the Mongol Empire.".</ref>. Tamerlán conquistara [[Xeorxia - საქართველო|Xeorxia]] e [[Acerbaixán]] estendendo o seu imperio ata as fronteiras do Imperio Otomán. Bayezid I pola súa parte pasara a maior parte do seu reinado en guerras conquistando territorios cara ao leste e oeste abranguendo case todo o territorio que unha vez pertencera ao Imperio Romano de Oriente<ref>Dimitris Kastritsis The Sons of Bayezid: Empire Building and Representation in the Ottoman Civil War Of 1402-1413. BRILL (2007), p. 1</ref> empire. toOs thedous borderspoderes ofaxiña theentraron Ottomanen Empireconflito directo polo control do territorio e das rutas comerciais. <ref>Michael Dumper e Bruce Stanley ''Cities of The twoMiddle powersEast soonand cameNorth intoAfrica: directA conflictHistorical Encyclopedia''. BayezidABC-CLIO demanded(2007), tributep. from37</ref> oneBayezid of theesixiulle tributo a un [[Anatolianbey|bey Beyliksde Anatolia]] whoque hadxurara pledgedlealdade loyaltya toTamerlán Timure andtratou threatenedde toinvadir invade.o Timurseu interpretedterritorio. thisTamerlán actioninterpretouno ascomo anun insultinsulto topersoal himselfe and inen 1400 sackedsaqueou thea Ottomancidade cityotomá of Sebaste (modernde [[Sivas, Turkey|SivasSebaste]])., Beyazidao wasque stungseguíu intoa furiousinvasión actionde andpolo when Timur invadedleste [[Anatolia]] frompara thelle facer eastfronte, Bayezid summonedconvocou hisas forcessúas andforzas confrontede Timur'senfrontouse forcesa nearTamerlán Ankarapreto de Ancara. TheO conflict,conflito overall,foi wasa theculminación culminationde ofanos yearsde ofintercambio insultingde lettersmisivas exchangedofensivas betweenentre TimurTamerlán ande Bayezid.
 
==ForcesAs forzas==
The exact size of the conflicting armies is not known. When Timur invaded Asia Minor, his army of horsemen with no infantry allowed him to move fast through the Turkish Empire, destroying the Empire's defense piece by piece. Later, before the main battle and during the battle, a number of Bayezid's allies and vassals joined Timur. In ''Turkey Old and New: historical, geographical and statistical'' (1880), Sutherland Menzies states that both armies amounted to nearly one million men.<ref>Sutherland Menzies (1880) ''Turkey, Old and New: historical, geographical and statistical''. London: W. H. Allen and Co.; p. 65</ref> Peter Fredet claims that Timur and Bayezid's armies consisted of 800,000 and 400,000 men, respectively.<ref>Peter Fredet (1893) ''Modern History: from the coming of Christ and change of the Roman Republic into an Empire, to the year of Our Lord 1888''. Baltimore: J. Murphy & Co.; pp. 373-374</ref> Robert Henlopen Labberton argues that Timur's army had 600,000 men, while Bayezid's army was only 120,000 strong.<ref>Robert Henlopen Labberton (1888) ''New Historical Atlas and General History'' (MacCoun's Historical Series). London: Macmillan</ref>
 
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