Diferenzas entre revisións de «NBA Draft»

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bot Modificado: no:NBA-draftet; cambios estética
m (bot Engadido: fi:NBA:n varaustilaisuus)
m (bot Modificado: no:NBA-draftet; cambios estética)
O '''Draft da [[NBA]]''' (en [[lingua inglesa|inglés]]: '''NBA Draft''') corresponde ao procedemento polo cal, a finais do mes de xuño de cada ano, as franquicias que forman parte desta liga de [[baloncesto]] [[estadounidense]] incorporan aos seus equipos xogadores menores de vinte e tres anos, procedentes das [[universidade]]s norteamericanas ou das ligas doutros países.
 
== Estrutura ==
O Draft consta de dúas roldas, a primeira e a segunda rolda. Cada un dos trinta equipos da liga dispón, en principio, dunha elección en cada unha delas. Un equipo pode traspasar futuras roldas do draft durante a competición (ata que finaliza o período de traspasos) e a off-season. A orde de elección establécese de acordo co seguinte procedemento:
 
- Nas posicións 16-30, sitúanse os equipos clasificados para os [[playoff|playoffs]]s, en orde inverso á súa porcentaxe de vitorias na liga regular recentemente concluída (cantas máis vitorias obtén un equipo, máis baixa é a posición que ocupa).
 
- Nas catorce primeiras posicións distribúense os equipos non clasificados para playoff. A posición que ocupan establécese mediante un sorteo, no cal teñen máis posibilidades de ocupar as primeiras prazas os equipos que acumulen máis derrotas.
Todos os xogadores seleccionables teñen que declararse previamente "elexibles", salvo aqueles que cumpran os 4 anos de formación universitaria. Doutra banda, calquera xogador que desexe acceder á Liga, tería que xogar durante un ano na liga universitaria norteamericana.
 
== Xogadores elexidos no primeiro lugar do Draft ==
 
{| class="wikitable"
!Universidade/High School/Clube
|-
|[[1947|1947]]
|[[Pittsburgh Ironmen]]
|[[Clifton Neeley]]
|[[UTEP Miners|Texas Western]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1948|1948]]
|[[Providence Steamrollers]]
|[[Andy Tonkovich]]
|[[Marshall Thundering Herd|Marshall]]
|-
|[[1949|1949]]
|[[Providence Steamrollers]]
|[[Howie Shannon]]
|[[Kansas State Wildcats|Kansas State]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1950|1950]]
|[[Boston Celtics]]
|[[Charlie Share]]
|[[Bowling Green Falcons|Bowling Green]]
|-
|[[1951|1951]]
|[[Baltimore Bullets]]
|[[Gene Melchiorre]]
|[[Bradley Braves|Bradley]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1952|1952]]
|[[Atlanta Hawks|Milwaukee Hawks]]
|[[Mark Workman]]
|[[West Virginia Mountaineers|West Virginia]]
|-
|[[1953|1953]]
|[[Golden State Warriors|Philadelphia Warriors]]
|[[Ernie Beck]]
|[[Penn Quakers|Penn]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1954|1954]]
|[[Baltimore Bullets]]
|[[Frank Selvy]]
|[[Furman Paladins|Furman]]
|-
|[[1955|1955]]
|[[Atlanta Hawks|Milwaukee Hawks]]
|[[Dick Ricketts]]
|[[Duquesne Dukes|Duquesne]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1956|1956]]
|[[Sacramento Kings|Rochester Royals]]
|[[Sihugo Green]]
|[[Duquesne Dukes|Duquesne]]
|-
|[[1957|1957]]
|[[Sacramento Kings|Cincinnati Royals]]
|[[Rod Hundley]]
|[[West Virginia Mountaineers|West Virginia]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1958|1958]]
|[[Los Angeles Lakers|Minneapolis Lakers]]
|[[Elgin Baylor]]
|[[Seattle Redhawks|Seattle]]
|-
|[[1959|1959]]
|[[Sacramento Kings|Cincinnati Royals]]
|[[Bob Boozer]]
|[[Kansas State Wildcats|Kansas State]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1960|1960]]
|[[Sacramento Kings|Cincinnati Royals]]
|[[Oscar Robertson]]
|[[Cincinnati Bearcats|Cincinnati]]
|-
|[[1961|1961]]
|[[Washington Wizards|Chicago Packers]]
|[[Walt Bellamy]]
|[[Indiana Hoosiers|Indiana]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1962|1962]]
|[[Washington Wizards|Chicago Zephyrs]]
|[[Bill McGill]]
|[[Utah Utes|Utah]]
|-
|[[1963|1963]]
|[[New York Knicks]]
|[[Art Heyman]]
|[[Duke Blue Devils|Duke]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1964|1964]]
|[[New York Knicks]]
|[[Jim Barnes]]
|[[UTEP Miners|Texas Western]]
|-
|[[1965|1965]]
|[[Golden State Warriors|San Francisco Warriors]]
|[[Fred Hetzel]]
|[[Davidson Wildcats|Davidson]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1966|1966]]
|[[New York Knicks]]
|[[Cazzie Russell]]
|[[Michigan Wolverines|Michigan]]
|-
|[[1967|1967]]
|[[Detroit Pistons]]
|[[Jimmy Walker]]
|[[Providence Friars|Providence]]</td></tr>
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1968|1968]]
|[[Houston Rockets|San Diego Rockets]]
|[[Elvin Hayes]]
|[[Houston Cougars|Houston]]
|-
|[[1969|1969]]
|[[Milwaukee Bucks]]
|[[Kareem Abdul-Jabbar|Lew Alcindor]]
|[[UCLA Bruins|UCLA]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1970|1970]]
|[[Detroit Pistons]]
|[[Bob Lanier]]
|[[St. Bonaventure Bonnies|St. Bonaventure]]
|-
|[[1971|1971]]
|[[Cleveland Cavaliers]]
|[[Austin Carr]]
|[[Notre Dame Fighting Irish|Notre Dame]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1972|1972]]
|[[Portland Trail Blazers]]
|[[LaRue Martin]]
|[[Loyola Ramblers|Loyola (Chicago)]]
|-
|[[1973|1973]]
|[[Philadelphia 76ers]]
|[[Doug Collins]]
|[[Illinois State Redbirds|Illinois State]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1974|1974]]
|[[Portland Trail Blazers]]
|[[Bill Walton]]
|[[UCLA Bruins|UCLA]]
|-
|[[1975|1975]]
|[[Atlanta Hawks]]
|[[David Thompson (baloncesto)|David Thompson]]
|[[NC State Wolfpack|NC State]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1976|1976]]
|[[Houston Rockets]]
|[[John Lucas]]
|[[Maryland Terrapins|Maryland]]
|-
|[[1977|1977]]
|[[Milwaukee Bucks]]
|[[Kent Benson]]
|[[Indiana Hoosiers|Indiana]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1978|1978]]
|[[Portland Trail Blazers]]
|[[Mychal Thompson]]
|[[Minnesota Golden Gophers|Minnesota]]
|-
|[[1979|1979]]
|[[Los Angeles Lakers]]
|[[Magic Johnson|Earvin Johnson]]
|[[Michigan State Spartans|Michigan State]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1980|1980]]
|[[Golden State Warriors]]
|[[Joe Barry Carroll]]
|[[Purdue Boilermakers|Purdue]]
|-
|[[1981|1981]]
|[[Dallas Mavericks]]
|[[Mark Aguirre]]
|[[DePaul Blue Demons|DePaul]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1982|1982]]
|[[Los Angeles Lakers]]
|[[James Worthy]]
|[[North Carolina Tar Heels|North Carolina]]
|-
|[[1983|1983]]
|[[Houston Rockets]]
|[[Ralph Sampson]]
|[[Virginia Cavaliers|Virginia]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1984|1984]]
|[[Houston Rockets]]
|[[Hakeem Olajuwon]]
|[[Houston Cougars|Houston]]
|-
|[[1985|1985]]
|[[New York Knicks]]
|[[Patrick Ewing]]
|[[Georgetown Hoyas|Georgetown]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1986|1986]]
|[[Cleveland Cavaliers]]
|[[Brad Daugherty]]
|[[North Carolina Tar Heels|North Carolina]]
|-
|[[1987|1987]]
|[[San Antonio Spurs]]
|[[David Robinson]]<sup>3</sup>
|[[Navy Midshipmen|Navy]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1988|1988]]
|[[Los Angeles Clippers]]
|[[Danny Manning]]
|[[Kansas Jayhawks|Kansas]]
|-
|[[1989|1989]]
|[[Sacramento Kings]]
|[[Pervis Ellison]]
|[[Louisville Cardinals|Louisville]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1990|1990]]
|[[New Jersey Nets]]
|[[Derrick Coleman]]
|[[Syracuse Orange|Syracuse]]
|-
|[[1991|1991]]
|[[New Orleans Hornets|Charlotte Hornets]]
|[[Larry Johnson]]
|[[UNLV Rebels|UNLV]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1992|1992]]
|[[Orlando Magic]]
|[[Shaquille O'Neal]]
|[[LSU Tigers|LSU]]
|-
|[[1993|1993]]
|[[Orlando Magic]]
|[[Chris Webber]]
|[[Michigan Wolverines|Michigan]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1994|1994]]
|[[Milwaukee Bucks]]
|[[Glenn Robinson]]
|[[Purdue Boilermakers|Purdue]]
|-
|[[1995|1995]]
|[[Golden State Warriors]]
|[[Joe Smith]]
|[[Maryland Terrapins|Maryland]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1996|1996]]
|[[Philadelphia 76ers]]
|[[Allen Iverson]]
|[[Georgetown Hoyas|Georgetown]]
|-
|[[1997|1997]]
|[[San Antonio Spurs]]
|[[Tim Duncan]]
|[[Wake Forest Demon Deacons|Wake Forest]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[1998|1998]]
|[[Los Angeles Clippers]]
|[[Michael Olowokandi]]
|[[Pacific Tigers|Pacific]]
|-
|[[1999|1999]]
|[[Chicago Bulls]]
|[[Elton Brand]]
|[[Duke Blue Devils|Duke]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[2000|2000]]
|[[New Jersey Nets]]
|[[Kenyon Martin]]
|[[Cincinnati Bearcats|Cincinnati]]
|-
|[[2001|2001]]
|[[Washington Wizards]]
|[[Kwame Brown]]
|[[Glynn Academy High School|Glynn Academy HS]] (Brunswick,[[Georgia (Estados Unidos de América)|GE]])
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[2002|2002]]
|[[Houston Rockets]]
|[[Yao Ming]]
|[[Shanghai Sharks]] ([[China]])
|-
|[[2003|2003]]
|[[Cleveland Cavaliers]]
|[[LeBron James]]
|[[St. Vincent-St. Mary High School|St. Vincent-St. Mary HS]] (Akron, [[Ohio|OH]])
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[2004|2004]]
|[[Orlando Magic]]
|[[Dwight Howard]]
|[[Southwest Atlanta Christian Academy|S.Atlanta Christian Ac.]] ([[Atlanta, Georgia|Atlanta]])
|-
|[[2005|2005]]
|[[Milwaukee Bucks]]
|[[Andrew Bogut]]
|[[Utah Utes|Utah]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[2006|2006]]
|[[Toronto Raptors]]
|[[Andrea Bargnani]]
|[[Ohio State Buckeyes|Ohio State]]
|- style="background-color: #e5e5e5;"
|[[2008|2008]]
|[[Chicago Bulls]]
|[[Derrick Rose]]
<div style="font-size: 80%">
''Notas'':
* '''1''': Olajuwon nacionalizouse estadounidense en [[1993]].
* '''2''': Ewing naceu en [[Xamaica]], pero nacionalizouse cando xogaba en Georgetown.
* '''3''': Robinson non xogou na [[NBA]] ata [[1989]] debido aos seus compromisos coa [[Armada dos Estados Unidos]].
* '''4''': Duncan é cidadán estadounidense, coma tódolos nativos das Illas Virxes.
</div>
 
== Ligazóns Externas ==
* [http://www.thedraftreview.com/ TheDraftReview.com] {{En}}
* [http://nbahoopsonline.com/History/Leagues/NBA/drafts/index.html Lista de cada Draft] {{En}}
* [http://www.ultimatenba.com/nba/historia/draft/draftPrincipal.html Drafts desde 1950] {{Es}}
 
[[Categoría:NBA]]
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[[nl:NBA Draft]]
[[no:NBA Draft-draftet]]
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[[ru:Драфт НБА]]
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